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Victor Emmanuel II

Subject: History

(1820–78) Ruler of the kingdom of Sardinia (1849–61) and king of Italy (1861–78). His appointment of Cavour as Premier in 1852 hastened the drive towards Italian unification. In ...

Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II (1820–78)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
105 words

... Emmanuel II ( 1820–78 ) Ruler of the kingdom of Sardinia ( 1849–61 ) and king of Italy ( 1861–78 ). His appointment of Cavour as Premier in 1852 hastened the drive towards Italian unification. In 1859 Victor Emmanuel led his Piedmontese army to victory against the Austrians at the battles of Magenta and Solferino , and in 1860 entered the papal territories around French-held Rome to join his forces with those of Garibaldi. After being crowned first king of a united Italy in Turin in 1861 , Victor Emmanuel continued to add to his kingdom,...

Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II (1820–78)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
66 words

... Emmanuel II ( 1820–78 ) King of Italy ( 1861–78 ). In 1849 , he succeeded his father, Charles Albert , as King of Piedmont-Sardinia. From 1852 , guided by his able minister, Conti di Cavour , he strengthened his kingdom, formed a French alliance, and consequently defeated Austria ( 1859–61 ). In 1861 , he assumed the title of King of Italy. Rome became his new capital after French troops withdrew ( 1870...

Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
81 words
Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
66 words
Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
73 words
Victor Emmanuel II

Victor Emmanuel II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1820–78)Ruler of the kingdom of Sardinia (1849–61) and king of Italy (1861–78). His appointment of Cavour as Premier in 1852 hastened the drive towards Italian unification. In 1859 Victor Emmanuel ...
Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...(‘if I cast out demons’). The Messiah has come as victor over evil forces, so the kingdom is already establishing itself. In vv. 31–2 Jesus drops his defensive posture and takes up the offensive. His words are warnings to those who have not accepted what has just been said. v. 31 simply declares that although God is ready and willing to forgive, those who oppose the eschatological work of God's Spirit in the ministry of Jesus push God's inclination to forgive past its limit. (Cf. 4Q270 ii 12–15, where we read of those who curse or speak against...

Victor Emmanuel III

Victor Emmanuel III  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1869–1947)King of Italy (1900–46). He succeeded to the throne after his father's assassination. Under Mussolini, whom he had invited to form a government in 1922 in order to forestall civil war, ...
Savoy

Savoy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Counts of SavoyDukes of SavoyKings of SardiniaLine of CarignanoKings of ItalyNotesChronologyDates down to 1059 are approximate.Names and TitlesThe use of the title ‘count of Savoy’ dates from 1125. ...
Umberto II

Umberto II  

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Overview Page
(1904–83),son of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy who, as crown prince, commanded the Italian Army of the Alps which attacked France in June 1940. He changed sides when ...
Count Cavour

Count Cavour  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1810–61)Italian statesman. He was the driving force behind the unification of Italy under Victor Emmanuel II, king of the kingdom of Sardinia. In 1847 Cavour founded the newspaper Il Risorgimento to ...
Count Carlo Sforza

Count Carlo Sforza  

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(1873–1952),anti-fascist Italian politician who fled to France in 1927, and then moved to the USA in 1940. He returned to Italy in September 1943 but refused to join Badoglio's ...
Comando Supremo

Comando Supremo  

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Overview Page
Common term for the Italian High Command, properly called Stato Maggiore Generale (STAMAGE), the Supreme General Staff. Marshal Badoglio headed STAMAGE from its inception in June 1925 until December ...
Gaetano Koch

Gaetano Koch  

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(1849–1910).Italian architect, he designed mostly in a refined Cinquecento style, and built mostly in Rome. His works include the Palazzo Voghera, Via Nazionale (1870s), the splendid Piazza ...
Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories

Allied Military Government of Occupied Territories  

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Overview Page
(AMGOT).The rules annexed to the Hague Convention state that an occupying army must ensure public order and safety. To comply, the Allies formed AMGOT for the military government of ...
Battle of Vittorio Veneto

Battle of Vittorio Veneto  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(October 1918)The scene of a decisive victory in World War I by the Italians over the Austrians. A town in north-east Italy, it is named after Victor Emanuel II, in whose reign Venetia was regained ...
Risorgimento

Risorgimento  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A movement for the unification and independence of Italy, which was achieved in 1870. With French aid, the Austrians were driven out of northern Italy by 1859, and the south was won over by ...
Vincenzo Gioberti

Vincenzo Gioberti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1801–52), Italian politician and philosopher. Banished from Italy in 1834, he taught in Brussels, where he published most of his philosophical works. Returning to Italy in 1847, in 1849 he became ...
unconditional surrender

unconditional surrender  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The surrender of a military force or nation without being able to set any limits on the subsequent actions of the victorious power. Following the Casablanca Conference in January 1943 ...

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