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Vere Gordon Childe

Subject: Archaeology

(1892–1957) Born in Australia, Childe became professor successively in the Universities of Edinburgh and London, and was a leading figure in mid-20th-century archaeology. Known ...

Childe, Vere Gordon

Childe, Vere Gordon (1892–1957)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
74 words

..., Vere Gordon ( 1892–1957 ) Born in Australia, Childe became professor successively in the Universities of Edinburgh and London, and was a leading figure in mid-20th-century archaeology. Known for his Marxist emphasis on the importance of the economy, Childe nevertheless also stressed the importance of society and culture, rather than artefacts. He was a great popularizer of archaeology, particularly through his well-written comparative accounts of human prehistory, such as Man Makes Himself ...

Childe, Vere Gordon

Childe, Vere Gordon (1892–1957)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
657 words

..., Vere Gordon ( 1892–1957 ) was a prehistorian and the author of the first analysis of parliamentary socialism in action, How Labour Governs: A Study of Workers' Representation in Australia ( 1923 , 1964 ). He was the most influential of the radical intellectuals, from middle-class backgrounds, who sided with the labour movement in the early twentieth century. Between 1917 and 1921 , in Sydney and Brisbane, Childe was a notable lecturer, writer, and lobbyist for peace groups, trade unions, and the Labor Party. He had hoped for an academic career,...

Childe, Vere Gordon

Childe, Vere Gordon (1892–1957)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
228 words

..., Vere Gordon ( 1892–1957 ), born Sydney, had a brilliant scholastic record at the universities of Sydney and Oxford but his strongly held socialist, pacifist and anti-conscription beliefs prevented his securing an academic appointment in the conservative universities of Australia after his return from England in 1917 . In 1918 he taught briefly in Maryborough, Queensland, where P. R. Stephensen was a pupil, and in 1919–21 was private secretary to the NSW Labor politician John Storey ; he returned to England as a research officer in the NSW...

Childe, Gordon Vere

Childe, Gordon Vere   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
476 words

..., Gordon Vere ( 1892–1957 ) [Bi] Celebrated prehistorian who worked widely in Europe and who is particularly associated with the definition and application of the concept of ‘culture’ in archaeological analysis. Born in North Sydney, Australia, he graduated in Latin, Greek, and philosophy from Sydney University in 1913 , developing at the same time good linguistic skills. Growing up alongside the rise of the Australian Labour Party he became a militant socialist. Between 1914 and 1916 Childe studied for a B. Litt. at Queen's College, Oxford, becoming...

Vere Gordon Childe

Vere Gordon Childe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1892–1957)Born in Australia, Childe became professor successively in the Universities of Edinburgh and London, and was a leading figure in mid-20th-century archaeology. Known for his Marxist ...
oasis theory

oasis theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]A general theory explaining the development of agriculture and the Neolithic way of life that was first put forward by Pumpelly in 1908, reiterated by Newberry in 1924, and popularized by Gordon ...
Neolithic Revolution

Neolithic Revolution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A term popularized by Gordon Childe in the 1940s to reflect the huge impact on life that was made by the development and spread of farming, which he saw as one of two critical moments in early ...
Bandkeramik

Bandkeramik  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is the term that embraces the first farming cultures of central Europe. In the 1880s, the German prehistorian Friedrich Klopfleisch identified the Linearbandkeramik on the basis of its distinctive ...
Clyde–Carlingford Culture

Clyde–Carlingford Culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Now obsolete term coined by Gordon Childe in the 1930s and developed by Stuart Piggott in the 1950s to refer to the middle Neolithic communities living around the North Channel in southwestern ...
Marxist archaeology

Marxist archaeology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Th]An approach to archaeological interpretation and explanation that draws on the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to explore materialist models of social change and the central questions of ...
Domestication of Animals

Domestication of Animals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The domestication of animals involves a shift in the relationship between hunters and their prey. Successful hunting of wild game using traditional weapons, such as bows and arrows, spears, and ...
Culture Historical Theory

Culture Historical Theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is actually a misnomer deriving more from the needs of the organization of this volume than from any historical reality. The culture historical approach was really just that, an approach ...
Culture-people Hypothesis

Culture-people Hypothesis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The culture-people model proposes that distinctive archaeological cultures, which are comprised of “packages” of artifacts repeatedly used together in a particular time and place, are the remains of ...
Skara Brae

Skara Brae  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A late Neolithic (3rd millennium bc) settlement on Mainland in the Orkney Islands, overwhelmed by a sand dune and first uncovered by a storm in the mid 19th century. The settlement consists of a ...
Prehistoric Archaeology

Prehistoric Archaeology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is a field of research that encompasses all of the pre-urban societies of the world, which by definition have no written records to provide direct accounts by observers and participants. ...
Maes Howe Group

Maes Howe Group  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]A regional group of developed passage graves defined by Audrey Henshall. Centred on Orkney in the far north of Scotland, the group is named after the type‐site of Maes Howe. About twelve examples ...
Isobel Foster Smith

Isobel Foster Smith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1912–2005) [Bi]Prehistorian and expert on British Neolithic pottery. Brought up in rural Ontario, Smith took a degree in English and French at University College, University of Toronto, in 1935 ...
Andrew George Sherratt

Andrew George Sherratt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1946–2006) [Bi]Polymathic Old World prehistorian. Born in Oldham, Lancashire, Sherratt studied at Peterhouse, Cambridge, and graduated in archaeology and anthropology in 1968. As a postgraduate at ...
Bruce Trigger

Bruce Trigger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1937–2006) [Bi]Canadian archaeologist, Egyptologist, authority on the aboriginal cultures of North America, and historian of the discipline. Born in Preston, Ontario, Trigger took his doctorate at ...
evolutionism

evolutionism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In the 19th century, evolutionism was a current of thought based on a biological analogy, but distinguished from Darwinian theory by its deterministic nature. Darwin's general theory of evolution ...

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