Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 32 entries  for:

  • All: Vasumitra x
clear all

View:

Overview

Vasumitra

Subject: Religion

Doctor of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism who flourished in the 2nd century ce. A native of Gandhāra.he presided over the Council of Kaniṣka. Vasumitra put forward a thesis to defend ...

Vasumitra

Vasumitra   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
91 words

... . Teacher of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism who put forward a thesis to defend the school's basic tenet that entities ( dharma ) exist in the past and future as well as in the present. According to Vasumitra, dharmas exist in a noumenal or latent condition in the future until they attain their moment of causal efficacy ( karitra ) in the present. This marks their entry into a functional relationship with other phenomena. When this moment is past they once again enter into a noumenal mode which is now described as...

Vasumitra

Vasumitra   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
135 words

... . Doctor of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism who flourished in the 2nd century ce . A native of Gandhāra , he presided over the Council of Kaniṣka. Vasumitra put forward a thesis to defend the basic tenet of the Sarvāstivāda school that entities ( dharma ) exist in the past and future as well as in the present. According to him, dharmas exist in a noumenal or latent condition in the future until they attain their moment of causal efficacy (karitra) in the present. This marks their entry into a functional relationship with other phenomena....

Vasumitra

Vasumitra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... asaṃskṛta dharmas; it also adds a new listing of kuśalamahābhūmika , or factors always associated with wholesome states of mind. Vasumitra is frequently cited in the Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣā , the massive abhidharma exegesis of the Vaibhāṣika school of the Sarvāstivāda, but it is unclear whether the scholar mentioned in the Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣā and the author of the texts mentioned earlier are the same figure. Vasumitra is also credited with composing a (now-lost) commentary to the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya , which, if true, would move his dates forward...

Vasumitra

Vasumitra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Doctor of the Sarvāstivāda school of Buddhism who flourished in the 2nd century ce. A native of Gandhāra.he presided over the Council of Kaniṣka. Vasumitra put forward a thesis to defend the basic ...
Abhidharma-dīpa

Abhidharma-dīpa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
‘Lamp of Abhidharma’, being a Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma text of uncertain authorship, though sometimes thought to have been composed by Vasumitra in response to Vasubandhu's Abhidharma-kośa. The text, ...
Council of Kaniṣka

Council of Kaniṣka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Council of dubious historicity, sometimes referred to as the ‘Fourth Council’, and believed to have been held in the 1st–2nd centuries ce during the reign of the Kuṣāṇa King Kaniṣka I. The council ...
Sautrāntika

Sautrāntika  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An early school whose origins and tenets are obscure. Vasumitra mentions a school called the Saṃkrāntikas, ascribing to it specific teachings concerning rebirth (saṃkrānti) and no other teachings. ...
Sarvāstivāda

Sarvāstivāda  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Buddhist doctrine that everything exists: that which was, that which is, and that which is yet to come.
Kashmir

Kashmir  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A disputed territory between India and Pakistan. In 1941, 77 percent of the population was Muslim. Three major political forces dominated: the National Conference, which wanted to join India; the ...
Samayabhedoparacanacakra

Samayabhedoparacanacakra (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the title of an important historiographical text written by Vasumitra , a prominent scholar of the Sarvāstivāda school, who wrote in Kashmir sometime around the second century ce . The text records the Sarvāstivāda account of the evolution of the various schools ( nikāya ) that arose in the mainstream Buddhist community in the years after the Buddha’s death. Thus, it is an important source of information on the schools and subschools of mainstream Nikāya Buddhism in ancient India. In Vasumitra ’s version, the divisions in the Buddhist sects occur...

Abhidharma-dīpa

Abhidharma-dīpa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

...‘Lamp of Abhidharma’, being a Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma text of uncertain authorship, though sometimes thought to have been composed by Vasumitra in response to Vasubandhu 's Abhidharma-kośa . The text, comprising verse and prose commentary, survives in a unique incomplete Sanskrit manuscript. The text is important because it confirms the identity of the author of the Abhidharma-kośa with the Mahāyāna Yogācāra scholar- monk ...

Buddhanandi

Buddhanandi (C.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Fu fazang yinyuan zhuan ), or the fourteenth (e.g., Liuzu tan jing ) patriarch of the Indian tradition. He is said to hail from the Indian country of Kamala, and is a member of the Gautama family. According to some records (e.g., Baolin zhuan ), his master was the patriarch Vasumitra...

Kaniṣka

Kaniṣka   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
107 words

...Buddhist tradition celebrates him as a great patron of Buddhism, a view borne out by historical and archaeological evidence. Under his patronage, the Gāndhara school of art flourished. His court included such Buddhist luminaries as Aśvaghoṣa , Nāgārjuna , Pārśva , and Vasumitra , as well as the physician Caraka , the politician Māṭhara , and the Greek engineer Agesilaus , who designed and built a famous stūpa in Kaniṣka's capital of Puruṣapura (Peshāwar). 2 A class of Hindu deities of the fourteenth manvantara ( cf. Manu...

Prajñaptivāda

Prajñaptivāda   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
117 words

..., ‘way’). An early school of Buddhism. Having originated in the late 3rd cent. bce as an offshoot of the Mahāsaṃghikas , the Prajñaptivāda claims a line of descent from one of the Buddha's disciples, Mahākātyāyana. No texts of the school are extant but both Paramārtha and Vasumitra claim that the Prajñaptivāda had a special Abhidharmic text which differentiated between two levels of statement in the Buddha 's teachings; those acceptable for non-initiates and therefore requiring further elaboration, and those aimed at adepts. Such a distinction closely...

Dharmatrāta

Dharmatrāta (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...well-known masters of the abhidharma . ¶ The first Dharmatrāta (fl. c. 100–150 ce ), sometimes known to the tradition as the Bhadanta Dharmatrāta and commonly designated Dharmatrāta I in the scholarship, was a Dārṣṭāntika from northwest India. This Dharmatrāta, along with Vasumitra , Ghoṣa[ka], and Buddhadeva, was one of the four great ābhidharmika s whom Xuanzang says participated in the Buddhist council ( saṃgīti ) conveyed by the Kushan king Kaniṣka (r. c. 144–178 ce ), which was headed by Pārśva ( see Council, Fourth ). The views of these four...

Haimavata

Haimavata (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... (c. 490–570 ) classified the Haimavata among the Mahāsāṃghika. Other doctrines that Vasumitra claimed were distinctive to the Haimavata were (1) a bodhisattva is an ordinary person ( pṛthagjana ); (2) a bodhisattva does not experience any desire ( kāma ) when he enters the mother’s womb; (3) non-Buddhists ( tīrthika ) cannot develop the five kinds of supernatural powers ( abhijñā ); and (4) the divinities ( deva ) cannot practice a religious life ( brahmacarya ). Vasumitra asserts that these and other of its views were similar to those of the Sarvāstivāda,...

Council of Kaniṣka

Council of Kaniṣka   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
132 words

...of Kaniṣka . Council of dubious historicity, sometimes referred to as the ‘Fourth Council’, and believed to have been held in the 1st–2nd centuries ce during the reign of the Kuṣāṇa King Kaniṣka I. The council was said to be supervised by Vasumitra and attended by 499 monks . The Chinese pilgrim Hsüan-tsang records that, according to tradition in Kashmir , the work of the council involved the composition of extensive commentaries on the Tripiṭaka . He reports that Kaniṣka had the commentaries inscribed on copper plates, sealed in stone...

Saṃyuktābhidharmahṛdaya

Saṃyuktābhidharmahṛdaya (C.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Buddhist council ( saṃgīti ; see Council, Fourth ) convened by the Kushan king Kaniṣka (r. c. 127–151 ce ). Dharmatrāta II also composed the Pañcavastuvibhāṣā ( C. Wushi piposha lun ; “Exposition of the Fivefold Classification”), a commentary on the first chapter of Vasumitra’s Prakaraṇapāda, one of the seven major texts of the Sarvāstivāda abhidharmapiṭaka , which was translated by Xuanzang in 663 ; it involves a discussion of the mature Sarvāstivāda school’s fivefold classification system for dharmas: materiality ( rūpa ), mentality ( citta ),...

Dhātukāya[pādaśāstra]

Dhātukāya[pādaśāstra] (T.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...; J. Kaishinron ; K. Kyesin non 界身論 ‎ ). In Sanskrit, “Collection of Elements”; traditionally placed as the fifth of the six “feet” (pāda) of the Jñānaprasthāna , the central treatise in the Sarvāstivāda abhidharmapiṭaka . The text, which is attributed to either Vasumitra or Pūrṇa , probably dates from the middle stratum of Sarvāstivāda abhidharma materials, together with the Vijñānakāya , and probably the Prajñaptibhāṣya and Prakaraṇapāda as well; the first century bce is the terminus ad quem for its composition. As its title...

Sautrāntika

Sautrāntika   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
212 words

.... An early school whose origins and tenets are obscure. Vasumitra mentions a school called the Saṃkrāntikas, ascribing to it specific teachings concerning rebirth (saṃkrānti) and no other teachings. Unfortunately, Hsüan-tsang mistakenly translated this as Sautrāntika, although the Tibetan translation and the other two Chinese translations all render it correctly. Other Chinese references to the Sautrāntikas are probably the result of the same error. Apart from this, no Sarvāstivādin source prior to the 6th century ce ever lists the...

View: