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Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya

Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
123 words

... Abhaya . King of Sri Lanka , he lost his kingdom to the Indian Tamils in 43 bce , the first year of his reign, but was later restored to the throne from 29 to 17 bce . Upon his restoration he founded the Abhayagiri monastery (an act ascribed in some sources to one of his predecessors) in the capital of Anurādhapura , which he donated to an individual monk . Such an act, the first gift of a monastery to an individual, caused a split within the ranks of the monks on the island. According to tradition, during his reign the Pāli Canon and its...

Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya

Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...writing out of fear that they could no longer be reliably memorized and passed down from one generation to the next. In the first year of his reign, Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya was deposed by a coalition of the forces of seven Damiḷa (Tamil) warriors and forced into exile for fourteen years. During that time, he was aided by a monk named Mahātissa. In gratitude for the assistance, when he regained the throne, Vaṭṭagāmaṇi sponsored the construction of the Abhayagiri monastery, which he donated to the monk. But Mahātissa had been expelled from the Mahāvihāra for...

VaṠṠagāmaṇi Abhaya

VaṠṠagāmaṇi Abhaya  

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Religion
King of Sri Lanka.he lost his kingdom to the Indian Tamils in 43 bce, the first year of his reign, but was later restored to the throne from 29 to 17 bce. Upon his restoration he founded the ...
Brāhmaṇatissa-cora

Brāhmaṇatissa-cora  

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Also known as Tissa, a Brahmin who lived at the time of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (1st c.bce). According to the chronicles of Sri Lanka.he turned brigand with the intent of acquiring the throne of the ...
Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri  

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A major ancient monastic complex in Anurādhapura.Sri Lanka.also known as Uttaravihāra. Founded by King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in the 1st century bce it consisted of a monastery (vihāra) and a stūpa.but ...
Brāhmaṇatissa-cora

Brāhmaṇatissa-cora   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
134 words

.... Also known as Tissa, a Brahmin who lived at the time of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (1st c. bce ). According to the chronicles of Sri Lanka , he turned brigand with the intent of acquiring the throne of the island and brought a period of great distress in the country. Because at the same time Tamils from India were also trying to conquer Sri Lanka, King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya sent word to Tissa that the kingdom would be his if he could defeat the foreign invaders. Tissa agreed to this, but was taken captive in a battle. According to the Pāli ...

Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
380 words

.... A major ancient monastic complex in Anurādhapura , Sri Lanka , also known as Uttaravihāra. Founded by King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in the 1st century bce it consisted of a monastery ( vihāra ) and a stūpa , but the latter alone is now standing. According to tradition, when the king was fleeing from the Tamils, he came upon the Nigaṇṭha Giri, a Jain ( see Jainism ) ascetic who made insulting remarks about him. The king vowed that if he were returned to the throne he would build a Buddhist monastery on the spot. He fulfilled his vow, and the name...

Abhayagiri

Abhayagiri   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Abhayagiri . A Sri Lankan monastery built at the capital of Anurādhapura in first century bce . The monastery was constructed for the elder Mahātissa by the Sinhala king Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in gratitude for the monk’s assistance during the king’s political exile and his struggle for the throne. According to medieval Pāli historical chronicles, Mahātissa was said to have been unrestrained and base in his behavior, which eventually prompted the monks of the Mahāvihāra to pass an act of banishment ( pravrājanīyakarman , P. pabbājanīyakamma ) against...

Council, 4th

Council, 4th   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... and composed the Abhidharmamahāvibhāṣā . This council is not now considered to have been a historical event and the Mahāvibhāṣā was likely composed long after the reign of Kaniṣka. The second event that is known as the fourth council took place in Sri Lanka under King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in 25 bce . Up until this time the canon ( P. tipiṭaka , S. tripiṭaka ) had been maintained entirely orally, with different monastic families of monks responsible for its recitation ( see dharmabhāṇaka ). Fearing that famine and social discord might lead to the...

Dīghanikāya

Dīghanikāya   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Pāli tradition asserts that the texts of the Dīghanikāya were first recited orally during the first Buddhist council ( saṃgīti ; see Council, First ) following the Buddha’s death and were officially transcribed into written form in Sri Lanka during the reign of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya in the first century bce . An analogous recension of the “Long Discourses” appears in the Sanskrit Dīrghāgama (all but three of its thirty sūtras have their equivalents in Pāli). Fragments of the Sanskrit recension, which is associated with the Sarvāstivāda school...

Mahāvihāra

Mahāvihāra (C.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... and Jetavana secessionist fraternities in the first century bce and fourth century ce , respectively. Five hundred monks from Mahāvihāra were said to have participated in the first commitment to writing of a Buddhist canon, which occurred during the reign of Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya (the patron of Abhayagiri) in the last decades bce . During the reign of Mahāsena, in the late third century ce , a royal decree forbade giving alms to the monks of the monastery, causing the monastery to be vacated for nine years; during this time, some of the...

Mahāmeghavana

Mahāmeghavana   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...southern branch of the Bodhi tree , brought to the island from India by Mahinda’s sister, the elder nun Saṅghamittā ; and the Mahāthūpa and Lohapāsāda built by King Duṭṭhagāmaṇi . Subsequently at the Mahāmeghavana were also built the Abhayagiri monastery by King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya and the Jetavana monastery by King Mahāsena . These two monasteries became headquarters of rival fraternities that seceded from the...

Āloka lena

Āloka lena   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Āloka lena . A cave near modern Matale in Sri Lanka where, during the last quarter of the first century bce , during the reign of King Vaṭṭagāmaṇi Abhaya , the Pāli tipiṭaka ( tripiṭaka ) and its commentaries ( aṭṭhakathā ) were said to have been written down for the first time. The Dīpavaṃsa and Mahāvaṃsa state that a gathering of arhat s had decided to commit the texts to writing out of fear that they could no longer be reliably memorized and passed down from one generation to the next. They convened a gathering of five hundred monks for the...

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