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V.I.P.s

Subject: Music

Formed in Carlisle, England, this blues/soul quintet comprised Mike Harrison (b. 3 September 1945, Carlisle, Cumberland, England; vocals), Jimmy Henshaw (b. 20 October 1943, Bothwell, ...

V.I.P.s

V.I.P.s   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music
Length:
221 words

...to the V.I.P.P.S. Ploughing similar ground to the Spencer Davis Group , they found a new home at Island Records where Chris Blackwell produced their exuberant reading of Joe Tex ’sI Wanna Be Free’. Several singles followed, but line-up changes gradually took their toll. Harrison, Ridley, guitarist Luther Grosvenor (b. 23 December 1949, Evesham, Worcestershire, England), drummer Mike Kellie (b. 24 March 1947, Birmingham, England) and keyboard player Keith Emerson (b. 2 November 1944, Todmorden, Lancashire, England) recorded Supernatural Fairy Tales ...

V.I.P.s

V.I.P.s  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Formed in Carlisle, England, this blues/soul quintet comprised Mike Harrison (b. 3 September 1945, Carlisle, Cumberland, England; vocals), Jimmy Henshaw (b. 20 October 1943, Bothwell, Lanarkshire, ...
Henry VI Part 1

Henry VI Part 1   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,505 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...representative criticism Berry, Edward I. , Patterns of Decay: Shakespeare’s Early Histories (1975) Brockbank, J. P. , ‘The Frame of Disorder: Henry VI ’, in John Russell Brown and Bernard Harris (eds.), Early Shakespeare (1961) Jackson, Gabriele Bernard , ‘Topical Ideology: Witches, Amazons, and Shakespeare’s Joan of Arc’, Renaissance Quarterly , 29 (1988) Jones, Emrys , The Origins of Shakespeare (1977) Leggatt, Alexander , ‘The Death of John Talbot’, in John W. Velz (ed.), Shakespeare’s Histories A Quest for Form and Genre ...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...this, and I will see that I get it. I have a right to be an exception, to disregard the scruples by which others let themselves be held back. I may do wrong myself, since wrong has been done to me.’ Richard’s inner motives have also been discussed in terms of various sexual pathologies. Key scenes are his seduction of Lady Anne in 1.2 and proxy wooing of Elizabeth in 4.4. Historical scholarship has investigated Richard’s Machiavellian dynamics of power, the dramatic origins of his theatrical flamboyance in the morality play Vice, and the play’s encoding of...

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,963 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...‘I find that by taking 2,000 errors out of the Pope’s Vulgate, and as many out of the Protestant Pope Stephens’ [i.e. Estienne’s 1546 New Testament], I can set out an edition of each in columns, without using any book under 900 years old, that shall … exactly agree.’ Aware that he was treading on sensitive ground, Bentley took a more reverent approach to the extant documentary witnesses, avowing that ‘in the Sacred Writings there’s no place for Conjectures … Diligence and Fidelity … are the Characters here requisite’ (Bentley, Proposals , sig. A2 v )....

Much Ado About Nothing

Much Ado About Nothing   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,843 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Hannah Pritchard ’s Beatrice. Since then the bantering couple’s most notable representatives have included J. P. Kemble and Dorothea Jordan ( 1798 ), Mr and Mrs Charles Kean ( 1858 ), Mr and Mrs Charles Calvert ( 1865 ), Henry Irving and Ellen Terry ( 1882 ), Lewis Casson and Sybil Thorndike ( 1927 ), John Gielgud and Peggy Ashcroft ( 1931 , 1950 , 1955 ), and, in John Barton ’s production of 1976 (set in the British Raj), Donald Sinden and Judi Dench . Dench herself directed the play for Kenneth Branagh ’s Renaissance company in...

27 The History of the Book in the Iberian Peninsula

27 The History of the Book in the Iberian Peninsula   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,196 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Until José Is death in 1777 , the marquis of Pombal’s political programme, most notably the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1759 , promoted this noteworthy growth. In Spain, a change of dynasty began to take place in 1700 with the death of Charles II . The house of Bourbon entered Spain with Philip V (born at Versailles in 1683 ), who reigned 1700–1746 . Thus began a process of profound modernization and accommodation with the European Enlightenment, which would reach its apogee during the second half of the century and the reign of Philip’s nephew ...

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,157 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Oxford University Press Nigeria (now University Press plc) opened in Ibadan in 1949 . The Ibadan University Press, the first African university press outside South Africa, followed in 1951 . The 1950s saw the foundation of a number of new literary magazines—pre-eminently, perhaps, J. P. Clark Bekederemo ’s The Horn and Ulli Beier and Janheinz Jahn ’s Black Orpheus , both in 1957 —and the first significant indigenous publishing ventures (including Onibonoje Press & Book Industries Ltd in Ibadan, 1958 ). They were joined by increasing numbers of...

The First Part of the Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York and Lancaster

The First Part of the Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York and Lancaster   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,732 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Davies Recent major editions Recent major editions Michael Hattaway (New Cambridge, 1991); Richard Knowles (Arden 3rd series, 1999); Roger Warren (Oxford, 2003) Some representative criticism Berry, Edward I. , Patterns of Decay: Shakespeare’s Early Histories (1975) Brockbank, J. P. , ‘The Frame of Disorder: Henry VI ’, in John Russell Brown and Bernard Harris (eds.), Early Shakespeare (1961) Craig, Hugh , and Kinney, Arthur F. (eds.), Shakespeare, Computers, and the Mystery of Authorship (2009) Jones, Emrys , The Origins of Shakespeare...

32 The History of the Book in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

32 The History of the Book in the Czech Republic and Slovakia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,050 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...several prizes and has exhibited work from some 90 countries. Bibliography M. Bohatcová , Česká kniha v proměnách staletí (1990) V. Breza , Tlačiarne na Slovensku 1477–1996 (1997) HDHB F. Horák , Pět století [Five Hundred Years of Czech Printing] (1968) I. Kotvan , Inkunábuly na Slovensku (1979) Lexikon české literatury (1985–2008) V. Petrík , Slovakia and its Literature (2001) M. Strhan and D. P. Daniel , eds., Slovakia and the Slovaks (1994) P. Voit , Encyklopedie knihy ...

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent

39 The History of the Book in the Indian Subcontinent   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,044 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...B. S. Kesavan , History of Printing and Publishing in India (3 vols, 1985–97) V. Koilpillai , The SPCK in India (1985) K. Koschorke et al ., History of Christianity in Asia, Africa, and Latin-America, 1450–1990 (2007) J. P. Losty , The Art of the Book in India (1982) M. Mamoon , Unish shatake dhakar mudran o prakashana (2004) V. Narayana Rao , ‘Print and Prose: Pandits, Karanams , and the East India Company in the Making of Modern Telugu’, in Literary History: Essays on the Nineteenth Century , ed. S. Blackburn and V. Dalmia (2004) V....

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries

26 The History of the Book in the Nordic Countries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,145 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

..., consulted Sept. 2007 C.-R. Gardberg , Boktrycket i Finland (3 vols, 1948–73) K. K. Karlsson , Finlands handpappersbruk (1981) A. Perälä , Typographischer Atlas Finnlands 1642–1827 (2 vols, 2000) [ F. W. Pipping ,] Förteckning öfver i tryck utgifna skrifter på Finska (1856/7) greenland K. Oldendow , Groenlandica: Conspectus Bibliographicus (1967) iceland B. S. Benedikz , Iceland (1969) H. Hermannsson , Catalogue of the Icelandic Collection Bequeathed by Willard Fiske [1960] S. Nordal , ed., Monumenta Typographica Islandica (6 vols,...

22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...first French book collectors, appeared at that time. The famous image of King Charles V among his books, like a monk (BnF, Fr. MS 24287), was a political statement of sorts. The king’s library, to be sure, was as much an ancestor of the BnF as a private library. It also served as a model for the aristocracy, a model not only followed but surpassed by some members of the royal family, who were truly the first French bibliophiles—especially Jean, duc de *Berry (the king’s brother) and their cousin *Philip the Good , duke of Burgundy: both owned some of the...

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

35 The Slavonic Book in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
7,008 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...of the 1990s , there was a substantial improvement in typographical standards and in publishing facilities. Electronic publishing developed quickly, and the Vernads’kyi National Library of Ukraine began an active *digitization programme. Bibliography M. R. Barazna , Belaruskaia knizhnaia hrafika, 1960–1990-kh hadou (2001) I. A. Isaievych , Ukraïns’ke knihovydannia: vytoki, rozvytok, problemy (2002) M. N. Kufaev , Istoriia russkoi knigi v XIX veke (1927; repr. 2003) D. Likhachev , ed., Knizhnye tsentry Drevnei Rusi (2 vols, 1991–4) S. Lovell , The...

1 Writing Systems

1 Writing Systems   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,152 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
7

...visual representation of the culture’s language. Although one may or may not share the belief in the power of digitization, and one may remain sceptical about the expressive virtues of logography, this holistic view of writing systems is surely a healthy development that reflects the real relationship between writing and society in all its subtlety and complexity. Bibliography [ British Museum ,] Reading the Past (1990) M. Coe , Breaking the Maya Code , 2e (1999) P. Daniels and W. Bright , eds., The World’s Writing Systems (1996) J. Darnell , ed., ...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and the Question of Class, 1848–1914 , Cambridge, 1991; McCalman, I. , ‘Popular Constitutionalism and Revolution in England and Ireland’, in I. Woloch , ed., Revolution and the Meanings of Freedom in the Nineteenth Century , Stanford, Calif., 1996, 138–72; Thompson, E. P. , The Making of the English Working Class (1963), Harmondsworth, 1968; Customs in Common (1991), Harmondsworth, 1993; V. N. Volosinov , Marxism and the Philosophy of Language (1929), trans. L. Matejka & I. R. Titunik , Cambridge, Mass., 1973; Wahrman, D. , Imagining the Middle...

9 Missionary Printing

9 Missionary Printing   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
4,077 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...early efforts on producing summaries of Christian doctrine. In 1584 , they succeeded in printing at Zhaoqing Ruggieri’s Tianzhu shilu (The True Record of the Lord of Heaven), the earliest translation of a catechism into Chinese. Jesuit printing in China: Michele Ruggieri’s Tianzhu shilu (The True Record of the Lord of Heaven), printed at Zhaoqing in 1584. Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu (Jesuit Historical Institute) (Jap.-Sin., I 189) The Tianzhu shiyi (The True Meaning of the Lord of Heaven), a completely revised catechism in dialogue form, was...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...( 1993 ). In 2002 Carmarthenshire County Council published R. S. Craig , R. Protheroe Jones , and M. V. Symons , The Industrial and Maritime History of Llanelli and Burry Port, 1750–2000 . Studies of towns and cities include A. H. Dodd , A History of Wrexham ( 1957 ), W. Rees , Cardiff: A History of the City ( 1969 ), Ieuan Gwynedd Jones , Aberystwyth 1277–1977 ( 1977 ), and Glanmor Williams (ed.), Swansea: An Illustrated History ( 1990 ). The Glamorgan Historian series, vols i–xii ( 1963–81 ), together with four other volumes on Glamorgan...

Industrial History

Industrial History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,499 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...on the history of technology is considerable. See, for instance, T. K. Derry and T. I. Williams , Short History of Technology (1960) , R. F. Tylecote , A History of Metallurgy (1976) , and A. E. Musson and E. Robinson , Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution (1969). Popular and academic interest in industrial archaeology, a term coined by Michael Rix in 1955 in an article written for the Amateur Historian , began in the 1950s, at a time when the physical evidence for many of Britain's heavy industries was beginning to...

Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Stone , Cambridge, 1989; Gatrell, V. A. C. , The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People 1770–1868 , Oxford, 1994; Holdsworth, W. , A History of English Law , London, 1922–66; Ignatieff, M. , A Just Measure of Pain: The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution 1750–1850 , Harmondsworth, 1978; Lieberman, D. , The Province of Legislation Determined: Legal Theory in Eighteenth-Century Britain , Cambridge, 1989; Postema, G. J. , Bentham and the Common Law Tradition , Oxford, 1986; Thompson, E. P. , The Making of the English Working...

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