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Overview

United Synagogue of America

Subject: Religion

Association of Conservative Jewish synagogues in the USA and Canada. The organization was founded by Solomon Schechter in 1913.

United Synagogue of America

United Synagogue of America   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... Synagogue of America . Association of Conservative Jewish synagogues in the USA and Canada. The organization was founded by Solomon Schechter in 1913...

United Synagogue of America

United Synagogue of America  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Association of Conservative Jewish synagogues in the USA and Canada. The organization was founded by Solomon Schechter in 1913.
Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...prior to the time of Pompey, in Elephantine and Leontopolis in Egypt and, for the Samaritans, on Mount Gerizim—and it was controlled by priests. There were many synagogues, but they were apparently not, especially before 70 ce , dominated by the Pharisees, despite suggestions by the Gospels. The book of Acts (6.9) mentions synagogues of freed slaves, of Cyrenians, Alexandrians, and Cilicians. Synagogue activity included the reading and interpretation of scripture, and the institution also served as a meeting place and a house of study. From the first...

Modern Translations

Modern Translations   Reference library

Stanley E. Porter

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,771 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...the United States. The general flavour of the version has maintained some traditional Bible translation language, while utilizing some of the developments of the twentieth century, such as rendering the same word by different English words depending upon context. Also in the United States, and at about the same time, there were three other major Bible translation projects under way. A conservative foundation undertook publication of a new version of the Bible, out of concern that the virtues of the American Standard Version were being lost in the spate of...

Jewish Family Names

Jewish Family Names   Reference library

Alexander Beider

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
7,422 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...families came to Newport and in 1762 the oldest surviving synagogue in North America was founded there. Charleston, South Carolina, became home for other Portuguese Jews in 1697. By 1791, the local congregation, which also included a few Ashkenazic Jews, numbered about 400 members and could have been the most prosperous in the US. In 1733, a group of Jewish migrants shipped from London to settle in Savannah, Georgia. Except for two Ashkenazic families, all others were Portuguese. After the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam became British and was renamed New York,...

The Apocrypha

The Apocrypha   Reference library

Philip Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,000 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...Mishnah and Talmud. But until the end of the nineteenth century no Hebrew text was known. In 1896 fragments of four (later identified as six) medieval Hebrew manuscripts of the work were found in a synagogue Genizah in Cairo. More recently, bits of Hebrew manuscripts of Ben Sira have been found at Qumran Cave 2 (2Q18) and at Masada. (Even more interestingly, Ben Sira 51: 13–20 is contained within the Qumran Psalms manuscript 11QPs a .) These ancient fragments confirm that the medieval manuscripts are reliable copies of the earlier text. They also confirm...

The Old Testament

The Old Testament   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,443 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
15

...and Job to Moses; the book of Joshua and eight verses of the Torah (presumably Deut. 34: 5–12 recording the death of Moses) to Joshua; the books of Judges, Ruth, and 1 and 2 Samuel to Samuel; and the Psalms to David assisted by ten elders, including the first Adam, Melchisedek, and Abraham. Jeremiah was credited with 1 and 2 Kings, Jeremiah, and Lamentations, and Hezekiah and his helpers ( cf. Prov. 25: 1 ) with Isaiah, Proverbs, Song of Songs, and Ecclesiastes. The remainder were attributed to the ‘Men of the Great Synagogue’ and Ezra. Views similar to,...

Introduction to the Pentateuch

Introduction to the Pentateuch   Reference library

G. I. Davies

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
32,329 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...A good indication of the rich possibilities of such a literary approach to the Pentateuch can be gained from Robert Alter's The Art of Biblical Narrative (1981), which has been very well received. 11. To be distinguished from this literary approach there are those, above all Brevard Childs, who have urged afresh the need for exegesis to read the OT as the Scripture of synagogue and church, and who speak of a ‘canonical approach’ to the OT. Here too the exegete is thought of as having much to learn from an unfamiliar direction, and in view of the emphasis on...

The Wisdom of Solomon

The Wisdom of Solomon   Reference library

William Horbury and William Horbury

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,675 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...). Pronoia was a quality of rulers ( 2 Macc 4:6; 14:9; Acts 24:3 ) discerned by Plato in the divinity who brought cosmic order out of disorder ( Tim. 30 bc ), denied by Epicurus to his tranquil deities, but ascribed by Stoics to the world-soul ( wis a .2; Stead 1994 : 42–51, 146–7 ); divine providence becomes prominent in Philo, Josephus, and 4 Macc ( 9:24; 13:19; 17:22 ). Later Jewish references to pronoia in synagogue inscriptions from Sardis (3rd–4th cent.; Rajak 1998 ) are contemporary with Christian defence and praise of divine providence in Origen...

Isaiah

Isaiah   Reference library

R. Coggins and R. Coggins

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
64,792 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for a last time of the dangers of too literal and referential a reading of poetry. ( 66:24 ) The high note of v. 23 might have seemed an appropriate closure, and indeed in synagogue readings it is customary to read v. 23 again after v. 24 . For in this last prose note we have a sombre warning, of the possibility of lasting judgement on the rebellious, with the same rare word ‘quenched’ as we found in 1:31 . The HB is often thought of as harsh, so it is ironic to note that this is virtually the only passage in all its contents to speak of lasting...

Concord

Concord   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,925 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...at a memorial ceremony in Berlin's renovated Rykestrasse synagogue, one of the few that was [read were ] not burned down that night by the Nazis . . . .” Bret Stephens , “‘Tolerance’ Is Not the Lesson of Kristallnacht,” Wall Street J . , 11 Nov. 2008 , at A15. (The antecedent of the relative pronoun that is few , not one , so the pronoun takes on the number of its antecedent.) See one of the [+ pl. n.] who ( or that) . Are these merely symptoms of the decay of modern English? Consider: “The adequate narration may take up a term less brief,...

World Council of Synagogues

World Council of Synagogues  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Now officially called Masorti Olami: The World Council of Conservative/Masorti Synagogues, is the international organization of congregations and institutions affiliated with the Conservative/Masorti ...
Herbert Goldstein

Herbert Goldstein  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1890–1970), Orthodox rabbi in the United States. An innovator in the evolution of the American Orthodox synagogue in the twentieth century, Goldstein was born on New York City’s Lower East ...
Stephan S. Wise

Stephan S. Wise  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Prominent Reform Rabbi, social activist, and Zionist leader (1874–1949). Wise was born in Budapest but, at the age of 2, was brought to America. He studied at Columbia University from which he later ...
Peter Harrison

Peter Harrison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1716–75).Born in York, England, he settled in America in 1740 and designed various distinguished buildings of the Colonial period. He was a practitioner of Palladianism, presumably gleaned from ...
Isaac Mayer Wise

Isaac Mayer Wise  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Reform Rabbi, pioneer of Reform Judaism in America (1819–1900). Although Wise received, in his native Bohemia, a good grounding in the traditional Jewish sources, he was largely self-educated in the ...
Solomon Schechter

Solomon Schechter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Scholar, theologian, leading thinker of Conservative Judaism (1847–1915). Schechter was born in Fascani, Romania. His father, a Habad Hasid, was a shoḥet (see SHEHITAH), hence the family name, ...
community

community  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Many sociological and anthropological definitions exist, but most tend to privilege some combination of small-scale, relative boundedness, strong affective ties, traditionalism, and face-to-face ...
UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM

UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
140 words

... SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM , an association (formerly United Synagogue of America) of over 830 Conservative congregations in the United States and Canada. Founded in 1913 by Solomon Schechter , it has grown steadily and was responsible for the establishment in 1957 of the World Council of Synagogues with affiliates in Israel and several South American and European countries. The United Synagogue coordinates its programs with the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and is a constituent member of the World Council of Synagogues. Essentially a...

WORLD COUNCIL OF SYNAGOGUES

WORLD COUNCIL OF SYNAGOGUES   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
174 words

...and its over eighty congregations throughout Latin America. In England, the World Council of Synagogues helped to form the Assembly of Masorti Synagogues, with its seven congregations. There are now synagogues in twelve European countries, thirteen Central and South American countries, as well as in South Africa, Israel, Australia, Canada and the United States. The international youth movement Noʾam (short for Noar Masorti) is also active in those countries. (In North America it is called United Synagogue Youth). Neil Gillman , Conservative Judaism: The New...

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