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United Synagogue

Subject: Religion

Association of Ashkenazi Jewish congregations in Great Britain. The organization was established by Act of Parliament in 1870. It supports the British Chief Rabbinate, the London Bet Din, ...

United Synagogue

United Synagogue   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
42 words

... Synagogue . Association of Ashkenazi Jewish congregations in Great Britain. The organization was established by Act of Parliament in 1870 . It supports the British Chief Rabbinate , the London Bet Din , and all the synagogues which accept the authority of the Chief...

UNITED SYNAGOGUE

UNITED SYNAGOGUE   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
129 words

... SYNAGOGUE , Orthodox synagogue organization in England, constituted by an act of Parliament in 1870. The United Synagogue (US) embraces synagogues in Greater London and certain provincial towns; these are divided into constituent, district, and associated synagogues. It is administered by a council, and according to its constitution, the British chief rabbi is its sole recognized religious authority. It maintains the London beit din and a body that supervises kashrut throughout the country. Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, as chief rabbi in 1991, initiated a...

United Synagogue of America

United Synagogue of America   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
23 words

... Synagogue of America . Association of Conservative Jewish synagogues in the USA and Canada. The organization was founded by Solomon Schechter in 1913...

UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM

UNITED SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
140 words

... SYNAGOGUE OF CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM , an association (formerly United Synagogue of America) of over 830 Conservative congregations in the United States and Canada. Founded in 1913 by Solomon Schechter , it has grown steadily and was responsible for the establishment in 1957 of the World Council of Synagogues with affiliates in Israel and several South American and European countries. The United Synagogue coordinates its programs with the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and is a constituent member of the World Council of Synagogues. Essentially a...

United Synagogue

United Synagogue  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Association of Ashkenazi Jewish congregations in Great Britain. The organization was established by Act of Parliament in 1870. It supports the British Chief Rabbinate, the London Bet Din, and all the ...
United Synagogue of America

United Synagogue of America  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Association of Conservative Jewish synagogues in the USA and Canada. The organization was founded by Solomon Schechter in 1913.
The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...of Bible exposition within the synagogue. Scripture played a central role in the synagogue service. The Pentateuch was systematically read in Hebrew on sabbaths over a three-year or a one-year cycle. A second reading, known as the Haftarah and drawn from the second division of the synagogue canon, the Prophets, was added to the Torah reading, and the Psalms and other parts of the third division of the canon, the Writings, were also extensively used in the liturgy. Exposition of scripture was presented in synagogue in two main forms, first through the...

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire

Transitions and Trajectories: Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire   Reference library

Barbara Geller

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
14,334 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in the evolution of such institutions as the synagogue, the patriarchate, and the office of rabbi. Today the intimate association between the rabbi and the synagogue is taken for granted; but in the earliest centuries of the rabbinate and the synagogue, they functioned largely independently of each other. The origins of the synagogue are unclear. It is apparent from archaeological data and from Jewish and non-Jewish literary sources, including the writings of Josephus and the New Testament, that the synagogue, as a Jewish communal association and as an...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...mentions synagogues of freed slaves, of Cyrenians, Alexandrians, and Cilicians. Synagogue activity included the reading and interpretation of scripture, and the institution also served as a meeting place and a house of study. From the first century ce comes this inscription from Jerusalem: “Theodotus, son of Vettenus, priest and leader of the synagogue, built the synagogue for the reading of the law and the teaching of the commandments, and the guest house and the rooms and the water supplies as an inn for those who come from abroad, which [synagogue] his...

The Apocrypha

The Apocrypha   Reference library

Philip Davies

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,000 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
3

...The work was certainly known and respected by Jews, and is mentioned in the Mishnah and Talmud. But until the end of the nineteenth century no Hebrew text was known. In 1896 fragments of four (later identified as six) medieval Hebrew manuscripts of the work were found in a synagogue Genizah in Cairo. More recently, bits of Hebrew manuscripts of Ben Sira have been found at Qumran Cave 2 (2Q18) and at Masada. (Even more interestingly, Ben Sira 51: 13–20 is contained within the Qumran Psalms manuscript 11QPs a .) These ancient fragments confirm that the...

Islam and Secularism

Islam and Secularism   Reference library

Asghar Ali Engineer

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,243 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...its beliefs and deeds are fair and good and social harmony lies in accepting this situation rather than quarreling about each other's beliefs and practices). The Qur'an also states in 22:40 that no religious place should be demolished as in all religious places, be it synagogue, or church or monastery, name of Allah is remembered and hence all these places should be protected. This is another tenet of liberal secularism which is upheld by the Qur'an. The Islamic tenets, it will be seen, do not disapprove of a composite or pluralistic way of life. Even...

Jihad in the Cause of God

Jihad in the Cause of God   Reference library

Sayyid Qutb

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,993 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fight is given to those against whom war is made, because they are oppressed, and God is able to help them. These are the people who were expelled from their homes without cause, except that they said that our Lord is God. Had God not checked one people by another, then surely synagogues and churches and mosques would have been pulled down, where the name of God is remembered often.” Thus, this struggle is not a temporary phase but an eternal state—an eternal state, as truth and falsehood cannot co-exist on this earth. Whenever Islam stood up with the universal...

Modern Translations

Modern Translations   Reference library

Stanley E. Porter

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12,771 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
9

...of the translation has been in terms of correction, rather than rejection of the concept of gender-inclusive language. The same cannot be said for attempts to introduce in the United States a New International Version revised to reflect gender-free language. Whereas such a Bible was published with not much fanfare in the United Kingdom (1995), a concurrent attempt in the United States brought a reaction of hurricane proportions. Battle lines were drawn between groups, much name-calling ensued, books were written on this translation and the issue of...

Islamic Faith and the Problem of Pluralism: Relations Among the Believers

Islamic Faith and the Problem of Pluralism: Relations Among the Believers   Reference library

Madjid Nurcholish

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,828 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...who are treated as non-residents, and therefore are exempt from paying tax—NM). They (the Christians) shall not be forced or coerced. There shall be no change to their buildings, or to their monasteries, or to their shrines, or to their surroundings. No building within their synagogues or churches shall be demolished, nor shall the property of their churches be taken to build mosques or houses for Muslims. Whoever commits such things breaks God's covenant and opposes His messenger. Such is the way the Prophet Muhammad provided the example of how to live life...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...it was in the process of deciding if it should leave while yet remaining under the authority of the local synagogue. 3. Whatever the exact status of Matthew's community in relation to Judaism, his writing points to a process of differentiation which took place between his community and ‘their synagogue’. Believers in Jesus may have preferred to refer to their own gatherings not as ‘synagogue’—in Matthew the expression is ‘their synagogue’—but as ‘church’. Again, Christian leaders were not to be called ‘rabbi’, a term which was, in the Jamnian Judaism...

The Old Testament

The Old Testament   Reference library

John Rogerson

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
9,443 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
15

...the first Adam, Melchisedek, and Abraham. Jeremiah was credited with 1 and 2 Kings, Jeremiah, and Lamentations, and Hezekiah and his helpers ( cf. Prov. 25: 1 ) with Isaiah, Proverbs, Song of Songs, and Ecclesiastes. The remainder were attributed to the ‘Men of the Great Synagogue’ and Ezra. Views similar to, but not identical with, these were to establish themselves in Christian scholarship and to last into the nineteenth century. They can still be found in the young churches of the developing world which are innocent of biblical criticism, and in a modified...

Luke

Luke   Reference library

Eric Franklin and Eric Franklin

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
46,452 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to produce will bring. ‘If it bears fruit next year, well and good; if not, you can cut it down.’ The nature of the problem with the Jewish nation is illustrated by an incident in the synagogue. Jesus, on the sabbath, heals a woman who for eighteen years had been crippled with some spinal injury. The one who had general responsibility for ordering the life of the synagogue objects on the grounds that, since the illness was not life-threatening, the people, who presumably were understood as encouraging Jesus to respond to the need, might seek such healings at...

John

John   Reference library

René Kieffer and René Kieffer

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
52,850 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... 16:1–4 a , the future exclusion from the synagogue was alluded to in 9:22 and 12:42 , but now it is Jesus himself who foretells it in order to help his disciples. We have met a similar positive motive concerning Jesus' predictions in 13:19 and 14:29 . In the synoptic tradition Jesus prophesies that his disciples will be persecuted ( see Mk 13:3–13 par; Mt 10:16–42 ). But there the disciples will be brought to trial and will be beaten in synagogues, whereas in John they will be excluded from the synagogue, which probably marks a later time (see also...

The Pastoral Epistles

The Pastoral Epistles   Reference library

Clare Drury and Clare Drury

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
16,198 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...information we are given is tantalizingly incomplete, for while the qualities required of a bishop are clearly set out, his duties are not described. If, as is quite likely, one of the patterns of organization and worship in the early church was the synagogue, then the episkopos would, like a Jewish synagogue leader, lead the community and represent its interests in the outside world. His good character and reputation among outsiders was essential for the community's welfare and continuing stability. The parallel drawn in 3:5 between the household and the...

Philippians

Philippians   Reference library

Robert Murray, SJ and Robert Murray, SJ

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
13,932 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...1:1 ) of Christ who took the form of a slave. As for Epaphroditus, Paul calls him ‘brother’ and uses two sun -words, ‘fellow-worker’ and ‘fellow-soldier’ ( v. 25 ). He had come with a gift ( 4:18 ) as the Philippians' envoy ( apostolos in the sense of šaliaḥ , the agent of a synagogue, and leitourgos ). Dissectors of Philippians argue that Paul would not have left his thanks to the end. Yet his appreciation is certainly implicit in vv. 25 and 30 , where he uses leitourgia again in a ‘non-liturgical’ sense, for their subvention which Epaphroditus, at risk...

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