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United Malays National Organization

Subject: Religion

Ethnic Malay party founded in 1946. Has been a dominant political force in Malaysia. Seeks to protect and promote Malay political, sociocultural, religious, and economic interests. Under ...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48 words

...United Malays National Organization Ethnic Malay party founded in 1946 . Has been a dominant political force in Malaysia. Seeks to protect and promote Malay political, sociocultural, religious, and economic interests. Under the leadership of Mahathir Mohamed ( 1981–2003 ), promoted an Islamization program to uphold Islamic values while...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
83 words

... Malays National Organization ( UMNO ) Malaysian political party. Formed by Dato Onn bin Jaafar, then Prime Minister of Johore, in 1946 in response to British attempts to form the Union of Malaya, UMNO’s aim was to fight for national independence and protect the interests of the indigenous population. Since independence in 1957 UMNO has been the dominant party in Malaysia , forming the cornerstone of successive electoral alliances, notably the Alliance Party of the 1960s and its successor, the National...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
173 words

...United Malays National Organization ( UMNO ) A Malaysian political party formed in 1946 by Dato Omn bin Jaafar ( b. 1895 ; d. 1962 ), then Prime Minister of Johore , in response to British attempts to form the Union of Malaya . Its chief aim was to fight for national independence, while protecting the interests of the indigenous Malay population. Since independence in 1957 , UMNO has been the dominant party in Malaysia, the continuous rise of Islamic fundamentalism forcing it to emphasize increasingly its Islamic ideals. Despite various frictions...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
817 words

... Malays National Organization . The United Malays National Organization (UMNO) has been the dominant member of the ruling coalition of Malaysia (previously Malaya) since independence in 1957. UMNO was formed on 12 May 1946 and sought to establish itself as the paramount party in the colony during the next eleven years of colonial rule. When independence was gained in 1957 UMNO was the dominant member of the ruling Alliance, a coalition of Malays, Chinese, and Indian parties. The Alliance and its successor, an expanded coalition called the Barisan Nasional...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,933 words

... Malays National Organization . An ethnic Malay party, the United Malays National Organization ( UMNO ) has been the dominant political force in multiethnic Malaya/Malaysia since the party's inception. UMNO's raison d’être has always been to protect and promote Malay political, sociocultural, religious, and economic interests. Its early goals as a secular political party led by westernized aristocrats were directed to unifying and channeling Malay nationalism and to gaining independence from the British, and later to maintaining political dominance while...

United Malays National Organization

United Malays National Organization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ethnic Malay party founded in 1946. Has been a dominant political force in Malaysia. Seeks to protect and promote Malay political, sociocultural, religious, and economic interests. Under the ...
37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa

37 The History of the Book in Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,157 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

..., the influential *Mbari press was founded, as well as Longman’s Nigerian company, and the *African Universities Press in Lagos in the following year. *Macmillan opened its Nigerian branch in 1965 , when the Nigerian Publishers’ Association, Africa’s first national book trade organization, was also established (Kenya’s was second, formed in 1971 , with Ghana’s following in 1975 ). In 1968 , *UNESCO hosted a regional book development conference in Accra, the first of several such regional initiatives. The International Conference on Publishing and...

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia

Partai Islam Se-Malaysia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic Party of Malaysia. Formed in 1951 by members of three political parties (Malay Nationalist Party, Hizbul Muslimin, and United Malays National Organization) and registered as a political party ...
Kelantan

Kelantan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Predominantly ethnic Malay state in the northeast of peninsular Malaysia, bordering the majority Malay Muslim provinces of southern Thailand. Historically noted for its pondok (Muslim religious ...
Anwar Ibrahim

Anwar Ibrahim  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b. 1947)Malaysian political and religious activist. Formed an alliance with Mahathir Mohamed in 1969, advocating Malay educational and economic rights. Established Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement ...
Mahathir bin Mohamad

Mahathir bin Mohamad  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Alor Setar, Kedah, 20 Dec. 1925)Malaysian; Prime Minister 1981–2003 The son of a Malay headmaster of an English-medium school in Kedah, Mahathir was educated at Sultan Hamid College, Alor Setar, ...
Tunku Abdul Rahman

Tunku Abdul Rahman  

(1903–90)Malayan statesman, Prime Minister of Malaya (1957–63) and of Malaysia (1963–70). A skilled negotiator, he secured Malayan independence from Britain (1957) and was one of the architects of ...
Malaysia

Malaysia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Malaysia's ruling party is coming under increasing pressure.Malaysia has an unusual geographical composition. Its territory is evenly divided between a portion on the Asian mainland and a similar ...
Abdul Rahman, Tunku

Abdul Rahman, Tunku   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
75 words

...Abdul Rahman, Tunku First prime minister of independent Malaysia and leader of United Malays National Organization. Was committed to a secularist vision of the Malaysian nation and power sharing with Chinese and Indians. Was blamed for the worsening plight of Malays and the racial riots of 1969 . After 1969 , led PERKIM and won the Faisal Award for his contribution to the propagation of Islam among non-Muslims in Malaysia. See also PERKIM ; United Malays National ...

Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS)

Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
168 words

...(PAS) Islamic Party of Malaysia. Formed in 1951 by members of three political parties (Malay Nationalist Party, Hizbul Muslimin, and United Malays National Organization) and registered as a political party in 1956 . The party advocated formation of an Islamic state. During the decade after 1956 it gave priority to radical Malay nationalism and pan-Indonesianism. During the 1970s it symbolized conservative Malay nationalism coupled with support for the goals of traditional Islam. In the late 1970s it called for alterations in...

Kelantan

Kelantan   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
100 words

...Malay state in the northeast of peninsular Malaysia, bordering the majority Malay Muslim provinces of southern Thailand. Historically noted for its pondok (Muslim religious schools) and ulama. Ceremonially headed by a sultan, but executive powers lie with an elected state government. Kelantan is the political locus of the Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS), which has ruled the state since 1959 , losing in 1978 , regaining through 1990 and 1999 elections. PAS aims to establish an Islamic state in Kelantan, enforcing Islamic law, in opposition to the United...

Ibrahim, Anwar

Ibrahim, Anwar (1947)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
162 words

...of the World Assembly of Muslim Youth (WAMY) for Southeast Asia, cofounder of International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT) in Herndon, Virginia, and chancellor of International Islamic University at Kuala Lumpur between 1983 and 1988 . Joined the ruling United Malays National Organization (UMNO) in 1983 . Served as deputy party leader, acting prime minister, deputy prime minister, agricultural minister, education minister, minister of finance, and minister of youth, culture, and sports. In 1998 was removed from power and tried for sedition and...

Tunku ʿAbd al-Rahman

Tunku ʿAbd al-Rahman   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...assumed the presidency of the United Malays National Organization, remaining in this post for twenty years. During this phase, he guided Malaya to independence from Britain. The new nation was born on August 31, 1957, with the Tunku as its first prime minister. An immediate challenge was the need to build a sense of nationhood among Malaya's diverse ethnic communities. Tunku ʿAbd al-Rahman played a key role in the creation of an alliance of Malay, Chinese, and Indian political groupings, which has dominated every national election since independence....

Malaysia

Malaysia   Reference library

Sylva Frisk

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
2,575 words

...against the Japanese occupation during World War II, when many ethnically defined associations were formed. Malay women were drawn into the ethno-nationalist independence movement and organized themselves in separate women's wings of the Malay-defined political parties, such as the Kaum Ibu wing of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). After independence in 1957 , a number of multiethnic and nongovernmental women's organizations were formed around issues of, for example, equal pay for men and women that linked the international women's...

Malaysia

Malaysia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,137 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Historical Readings . Kuala Lumpur and London: Oxford University Press, 1966. Esposito, John , and John Voll . Makers of Contemporary Islam . New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. See the chapter on Anwar, pp. 177–198. Funston, N. J. Malay Politics in Malaysia: A Study of the United Malays National Organisation and Party Islam . Kuala Lumpur: Heinemann Educational Books, 1980. Ibrahim, Ahmad , Sharon Siddique , and Yasmin Hussain , eds. Readings on Islam in Southeast Asia . Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1985. Lyon, Margot L. “The...

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