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United Kingdom

Subject: History

Though a leading member of the EU, the UK also tries to align itself closely with the USA Scotland, England, and Wales, together with Northern Ireland make up the state that is ...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Kingdom ( UK ) The nation state that consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...United Kingdom Physical map Political map Edinburgh Central Edinburgh Central Edinburgh London Central London Central London...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
33 words

... Kingdom . The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed in 1801 . In 1922 southern Ireland became independent, since when the UK has consisted of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
33 words

... Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed in 1801 . In 1922 southern Ireland became independent, since when the UK has consisted of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...United Kingdom , The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland since 1922 when ‘Southern Ireland’ achieved independence as the Irish Free State. Previously the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland when the two realms united on 1 January 1801 . In 1707 a united Kingdom of Great Britain was established when the Scottish Parliament agreed to dissolve itself so that the Kingdom of the Scots could join the Kingdom of England and Wales. This formal union followed the personal union in 1603 when James VI , King of Scots, had also become ...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... Kingdom The flag of the United Kingdom was officially adopted in 1801. The first Union flag, combining the cross of St George (England) and the cross of St Andrew (Scotland), dates from 1606. In 1801, the cross of St Patrick, Ireland's emblem, was added to form the present...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
33 words

... Kingdom Term describing England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. It is distinct from the name Great Britain , which is the collective name of England, Wales, and Scotland and their associated...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
252 words

... Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the official name of the state sometimes known as Great Britain or Britain. The United Kingdom is an unusual state in that it is comprised of three separate legal systems, England and Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. This reflects the history of relationships amongst these entities. When the United Kingdom came into being in 1801 , it was not a traditional unitary state. While a head of state, government, and Parliament were all shared, when the new United Kingdom Parliament...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
341 words

... Kingdom A country in northwestern Europe occupying most of the land area of two large islands known as the British Isles. Its full title is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, although it is often abbreviated to UK. Great Britain includes England, Wales, and Scotland. Northern Ireland is part of the UK but has shared the island of Ireland with the Republic of Ireland since the island’s partition (1920–22). Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland (but not England) have elected assemblies, although their powers and responsibilities...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Human Rights

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Social sciences
Length:
3,998 words

...Office has published annual human rights reports that raise concerns about human rights developments around the world. Finally, the United Kingdom has worked to find a diplomatic solution to bringing home the British detainees held by the United States at its Guantánamo Bay facility. In contrast to this positive record in promoting human rights at the international level, the United Kingdom has been a staunch partner for the United States in the “war on terrorism” since 11 September 2001 . It has supplied significant military support to the invasion of and...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

Bronwen Percival

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,446 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... Cheddar itself traveled well, and so did its method of production, which spread to the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia. By the end of the nineteenth century, aided by decreasing transport costs, cheap imported Cheddar from factories in the United States and the British dominions was being imported into the United Kingdom in volumes far greater than that produced domestically. In 1913 fully 82 percent of the cheese consumed within the United Kingdom was imported. British farmhouse cheesemakers were under tremendous economic strain, which...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
1,337 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., and Scotland , and the province of Northern Ireland . The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are British Crown dependencies but are not an integral part of the United Kingdom. Physical The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain, a large island off Europe’s north-west coast containing England, Scotland, and Wales, and the north-east corner of the neighbouring island of Ireland. Of its mountains, which lie in the north and west, few are higher than 1000 m (3300 feet), while of its rivers none is longer than the Severn at 354 km (220 miles). The south of the...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Feb 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
1,406 words
Illustration(s):
4

... Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a union of four countries. Three of them – England , Scotland and Wales – make up Great Britain. The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands , including Jersey and Guernsey, are not part of the UK but are instead self-governing British dependencies. Much of Scotland and Wales is mountainous, and the highest peak is Scotland's Ben Nevis at 1,342m [4,404ft]. England has some highland areas, including the Cumbrian Mountains (Lake District) and the Pennine range in the N. England also...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,403 words
Illustration(s):
3

...new children's books were published in the United Kingdom, including many originating in the United States; fewer than three percent of those books were translations into English. United Kingdom . Illustration from Clever Bill by William Nicholson (London: William Heinemann, 1926), p. 23. Reproduced courtesy of the Cotsen Children's Library, Princeton University Library The Beginnings The earliest printed books in England included titles such as Reynard the Fox (William Caxton, 1481 ) and the Geste of Robyn Hode (Wynkyn de Worde, c.1510 ), which...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

John Oakland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
4,878 words
Illustration(s):
3

... Kingdom . Between 1750 and the early twenty-first century, Britain was arguably the first country to industrialize, controlled the seas and then became a relatively minor power, and won and lost a vast empire. This article will outline the United Kingdom's political, social, and economic history. Eighteenth Century. Between 1750 and 1815 , Britain experienced substantial industrial growth, military successes abroad, an expanding colonial empire, and burgeoning cultural creativity. Parliamentarism and democracy. After the 1688 Glorious Revolution, ...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,288 words
Illustration(s):
2

...United Kingdom Basic information Land area: 245,000 sq. km People: white 87%, black 3%, Indian 2%, Pakistani 2%, mixed 2%, other 4% Language: English, Welsh, Scots, Gaelic, Urdu, Hindi Religion: Christian 60%, Muslim 3%, Hindu 1%, other or none 36% Government: Constitutional monarchy Population (2017 estimate): 66.18 million Percentage urban: 82.6% Population estimate for 2035: 71.9 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 82.7 (F), 78.9 (M) Capital city: London, 10.3 million Currency: pound sterling Major exports:...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom ((of Great Britain and Northern Ireland))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
3,592 words
Illustration(s):
1

...United Kingdom (of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) The UK has experienced the period since 1900 as one of decline, fundamental transformation, and remarkable recovery. At the beginning of the twentieth century, together with the USA it was the world's major power. The British Empire reached dimensions unparalleled before or since. Alone among the European participants of World Wars I and II, it survived these existential conflicts not only victorious but also unoccupied. And yet, 80 years later, its economy had declined to occupy a middling rank among...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
149 words

...United Kingdom The formal name of the UK is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland , dating from foundation of the Irish Free State in 1921 . Between 1801 and 1921 it had been The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland . Great Britain was the name of a sovereign state between 1603 and 1807 . In 1807 the Act of Union (uniting England and Scotland under James VI of Scotland, who then became James I of England) created ‘ The United Kingdom of Great Britain ’. ‘Great Britain’ remains the collective term for England,...

The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom   Reference library

Jill Norman

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,144 words

...United Kingdom comprises Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Many, perhaps most, of its people associate the word “sweets” with the confectionery lining supermarket shelves or displayed in jars in small local shops. Confusingly, the term also covers a wider array of sweet foods eaten at the end of a meal, which may be called “sweet,” “dessert,” or “pudding,” depending on linguistic usage as well as social and geographic position. The word “afters” has now entered the culinary lexicon to refer to all three, in an attempt to avoid arguments about which word to...

United Kingdom laws

United Kingdom laws   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
20 words

... Kingdom laws http://www.opsi.gov.uk Copies of UK laws and regulations mentioned in this text can be found at this...

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