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Treaty of Lausanne

(24 July 1923) A settlement which replaced the earlier Treaty of Sèvres, after the success of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) in the Graeco-Turkish War (1921–2). Greece had to surrender ...

Lausanne, Treaty of

Lausanne, Treaty of (24 July 1923)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
164 words

...Lausanne, Treaty of ( 24 July 1923 ) A settlement which replaced the earlier Treaty of Sèvres , after the success of Mustafa Kemal ( Atatürk ) in the Graeco-Turkish War ( 1921–2 ). Greece had to surrender Smyrna (Izmir) and eastern Thrace, including Adrianople (Edirne). Kurdistan lost its autonomy, while Turkey's reconquest of Armenia was confirmed. In return for these gains, Turkey accepted that Palestine and Syria were to be mandated to Britain and France. Italy was confirmed in the Dodecanese and Britain in Cyprus. The Aegean islands except...

Lausanne, Treaty of

Lausanne, Treaty of   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
254 words

..., Treaty of On 24 July 1923 , two major agreements were concluded at Lausanne. (1) The Treaty of Peace between the British Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Romania, and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State on the one hand and Turkey on the other ( 28 L.N.T.S. 11 ) ended the war with Turkey. This Treaty effected certain territorial changes (arts. 2–22); contained provisions for the protection of minorities within Turkey (arts. 37–45); the Ottoman Public Debt (arts. 46–57); and the regulation and settlement of property, rights, and interests (arts. 64–98)....

Treaty of Lausanne

Treaty of Lausanne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(24 July 1923)A settlement which replaced the earlier Treaty of Sèvres, after the success of Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) in the Graeco-Turkish War (1921–2). Greece had to surrender Smyrna (Izmir) and ...
Treaty of Sèvres

Treaty of Sèvres  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1920)A treaty, part of the Versailles Peace Settlement, signed between the Allies and Turkey, effectively marking the end of the Ottoman empire. Adrianople and most of the hinterland to ...
Montreux Convention

Montreux Convention  

(20 July 1936)Following Turkish fears that Mussolini was seeking to use Italy's bases in the Dodecanese to extend its colonies in Asia Minor, an international conference was held in Montreux. Turkey ...
Mosul Boundary Case

Mosul Boundary Case  

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Overview Page
(Interpretation of Article 3(2) of the Treaty of Lausanne) (1925) P.C.I.J., Ser. B, No. 12. At the end of World War I, Great Britain was allotted a mandate for what ...
Sovereignty over Various Red Sea Islands Arbitration

Sovereignty over Various Red Sea Islands Arbitration  

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Overview Page
(Eritrea v. Yemen) ( 1998 ) 22 R.I.A.A. 209. The dispute between Eritrea and Yemen over title to a group of islands in the Red Sea was submitted to arbitration ...
Mavrommatis Jerusalem Concessions Case

Mavrommatis Jerusalem Concessions Case  

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Overview Page
(Greece v. United Kingdom) (1924, 1925, and 1927) P.C.I.J., Ser. A, Nos. 2, 5, and 11. Mavrommatis, a Greek national, was in 1914 granted concessions by the Ottoman authorities for ...
Greece, relations with

Greece, relations with  

Although Greece was included in a number of grand tours, the extra distance and primitive conditions meant that it was less well known to British travellers than Italy. When the ...
Kurdistan

Kurdistan  

OverviewA state for the Kurdish nation which has not yet been established. The Kurds inhabit the border region of Turkey (around eleven million people, or 20 per cent of the population), Iran (around ...
Ismet Inönü

Ismet Inönü  

(b. 14 Sept. 1884, d. 25 Dec. 1973).Prime Minister of Turkey 1923–4, 1925–37, 1961–5; President of Turkey 1938–50 Born Mustafa Ismet in Izmir, he was commissioned into the Ottoman army in 1903. ...
Chanak crisis

Chanak crisis  

September–October 1922.Turkish nationalists under Mustapha Kemal were unhappy about the loss of territory to Greece under the Sèvres treaty of 1920. They expelled the Greeks from Smyrna by force in ...
Kemal Atatürk

Kemal Atatürk  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1881–1938)Turkish general and statesman, President (1923–38). Leader of the postwar Turkish Nationalist Party, he was elected President of a provisional government in 1920. With the official ...
Macedonia

Macedonia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Macedonia avoided the worst of the Balkan wars, but has persistent ethnic tensionsThis landlocked country is largely mountainous. In the past it was also heavily forested, and though forests remain, ...
Turks

Turks  

Archaic term for a member of the ruling Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire, or for a member of any of the ancient central Asian peoples who spoke Turkic languages, including the Seljuks and ...
Greece

Greece  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Greece has seen considerable benefits from EU membership but has now fallen deep into debtMost of Greece is mountainous. The mainland is dominated by the rugged Pindus Mountains, which extend from ...
Armenia

Armenia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A region south of the Caucasus in Asia Minor, comprising the Republic of Armenia (see Armenia, Republic of) but also parts of eastern Turkey and northern Iran. Armenian culture dates from the 6th ...
Cyprus

Cyprus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A bitterly divided island that has rejected an opportunity for reunificationThe island of Cyprus has two main mountain ranges. The Kyrenian Mountains extend along the northern coast, while the ...
Sèvres, Treaty of

Sèvres, Treaty of (1920)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
56 words

...Treaty of ( 1920 ) Peace treaty between Turkey and its European opponents in World War 1 that imposed harsh terms on the Ottoman Sultan. It was not accepted by the Turkish nationalists led by Atatürk , who fought a war for Turkish independence ( 1919–22 ). The treaty, never ratified, was superseded by the Treaty of Lausanne ( 1923...

Lausanne conference

Lausanne conference   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
53 words

... conference , November 1922–July 1923 . The conference was held to negotiate a treaty with Turkey to replace the unratified and disputed treaty of Sèvres ( 1920 ) imposed following the First World War. Turkey renounced all claims to territories of the former Ottoman empire occupied by non‐Turks but recovered eastern Thrace in...

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