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Tostig

(c. 1025–66), younger brother of Harold, who was briefly, in 1066, king of England, and of Eadgyth, Edward the Confessor's queen. With Tostig's appointment to Northumbria, his ...

Tostig

Tostig (1066)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
74 words

... (d. 1066 ) Brother of King *Harold II of England . Originally supporting the claim of *William of Normandy (‘the Conqueror’), Tostig joined *Haraldr Sigurdarson (or Hardrada, ‘hard ruler’) in furthering the latter’s effort to take the throne after the death of *Edward the Confessor . Both were killed at the battle of *Stamford Bridge . See also northumbria . Mel Storm F. M. Stenton , Anglo-Saxon England ( 3 1971). I. W. Walker , Harold, the Last Anglo-Saxon King ...

Tostig, earl of Northumbria

Tostig, earl of Northumbria (c.1025–66)   Reference library

David Richard Bates

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
144 words

..., earl of Northumbria ( c. 1025–66 ), younger brother of Harold , who was briefly, in 1066 , king of England, and of Eadgyth , Edward the Confessor ’s queen. With Tostig ’s appointment to Northumbria, his family seemed set to dominate the English kingdom. But he was driven out by a local rebellion in 1065 . He blamed Harold for not attempting to secure his reinstatement, and in exile raised a force which raided the English coast. Achieving little, he joined the army led by Harold Hardrada , king of Norway, and was killed at the battle of...

Tostig, earl of Northumbria

Tostig, earl of Northumbria   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
91 words

..., earl of Northumbria ( c. 1025–66 ), younger brother of Harold , who was briefly, in 1066 , king of England. With Tostig's appointment to Northumbria, his family seemed set to dominate the English kingdom. But he was driven out by a local rebellion in 1065 . He blamed Harold for not attempting to secure his reinstatement, and in exile raised a force which raided the English coast. Achieving little, he joined the army led by Harold Hardrada , king of Norway, and was killed at the battle of Stamford Bridge...

Tostig

Tostig  

(c. 1025–66),younger brother of Harold, who was briefly, in 1066, king of England, and of Eadgyth, Edward the Confessor's queen. With Tostig's appointment to Northumbria, his family seemed set ...
battle of Fulford

battle of Fulford  

1066.Eight months after Harold Godwineson's succession in January 1066, Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, launched a major attack, in conjunction with Tostig, Harold's brother. They sailed up the Ouse ...
Harold II

Harold II  

B. c.1022, 2nd s. of earl Godwin and Gytha; acc. 6 Jan. 1066; m. Ealdgyth, da. of earl Aelfgar, 1066; issue: Harold; also (illeg.) 4 s. 2 das. by Eadgyth Swanneshals (‘Swanneck’); d. 14 Oct. 1066; ...
battle of Stamford Bridge

battle of Stamford Bridge  

1066.A victory for King Harold Godwineson over Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, and his own brother Tostig, both of whom were killed. Harold Hardrada was asserting a purported promise of succession ...
Waltheof

Waltheof  

(d. 1076).Waltheof was the son of Siward, earl of Northumberland and victor over Macbeth, who died in 1055. Waltheof did not then inherit the earldom, presumably because he was ...
Eadgyth

Eadgyth  

(c. 1022–75),queen of Edward the Confessor. Eadgyth was the eldest daughter of Earl Godwine, the most powerful nobleman of his day, and sister of Harold II. She married Edward in 1045 soon after his ...
Siward

Siward  

(d. 1055).Of Danish descent and gigantic stature, Siward seems to have come to England with Cnut and had been made earl of Deira by 1026. He subsequently served Harthacnut and Edward the Confessor, ...
Harald Hardrada

Harald Hardrada  

(d. 1066)Half brother of St Óláfr; sole king of Norway, 1047–66. Having escaped from the battle of Stiklastaðir, he grew up in Russia and entered military service in Constantinople. ...
St Edward the Confessor

St Edward the Confessor  

(c. 1003–66)King of England (1042–66). He succeeded King Canute's Danish heirs as king, temporarily re-establishing the West Saxon monarchy, although he favoured the Normans, among whom he had been ...
Harold Sigurdsson

Harold Sigurdsson (d. 1066)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
164 words

...Nicknamed ‘Hardrada’—stern in council—and a man of great stature and strength, he joined forces in 1066 with Tostig , Harold II Godwineson’s exiled brother. Harold Hardrada claimed the throne of England and Tostig was to be restored to his earldom of Northumbria. He may have been misled by Tostig into counting on more support in England than he found. His great fleet touched at the Orkneys, moved south to the Tyne to join with Tostig, and then entered the Humber, menacing York. The local earls, Edwin and Morcar , were defeated at Fulford , just...

Stamford Bridge, battle of

Stamford Bridge, battle of (25 September 1066)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
105 words

...Bridge, battle of ( 25 September 1066 ) *Harold II Godwinson , king of the English, defeated the Norwegian army of King *Haraldr Sigurdarson who, aided by Godwinson’s brother *Tostig , had laid claim to the English throne upon the death of *Edward the Confessor earlier in the year. Both Hardrada and Tostig died in the battle. The remote northern location of the battle left Harold and his troops unable immediately to challenge *William of Normandy (‘the Conqueror’), the other claimant to the throne, when William landed on the southern coast...

Fulford, battle of

Fulford, battle of (1066)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
118 words

...Hardrada , king of Norway, launched a major attack, in conjunction with Tostig , Harold’s brother, recently deposed as earl of Northumbria. They brought 300 ships, and sailed up the Ouse to Riccall, south of York. On 20 September, Edwin and Morcar , Harold’s brothers-in-law and earls of Mercia and Northumbria, gave battle at Fulford, but were heavily defeated. York fell to the invaders. But Harold led a forced march from London and on 25 September killed both Harold Hardrada and Tostig at Stamford Bridge . While he was celebrating his victory, Harold...

Waltheof

Waltheof (d. 1076)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
192 words

... ( d. 1076 ) . Waltheof was the son of Siward , earl of Northumberland and victor over Macbeth , who died in 1055 . Waltheof did not then inherit the earldom, presumably because he was too young, and it passed to Tostig , brother of Harold Godwineson . But on Tostig’s exile in 1065 , Waltheof became earl of Huntingdon. In 1069 he joined the Danish attack on York, but submitted to William the Conqueror in 1070 , and was made earl of Northumberland two years later. He was also given a niece of the king in marriage. But in 1075 he was on the...

Morcar, earl of Northumbria

Morcar, earl of Northumbria (c.1040–c.1090)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
196 words

.... The family was in rivalry with the Godwines. In 1065 Morcar and his brother Edwin joined a rebellion in Northumbria against Harold Godwineson ’s brother Tostig , and Morcar replaced him as earl of Northumbria. When Tostig returned with Harold Hardrada in 1066 , Edwin and Morcar gave battle but were defeated at Fulford , near York. Harold retrieved the situation by killing Tostig and Harold Hardrada at Stamford Bridge , but Morcar and Edwin did not march south with him to Hastings , possibly because their forces were shattered. On ...

Harold II

Harold II (1020–66)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
159 words

...ambition. Harold’s sister Edith was married to Edward the Confessor, and his brother Tostig was Earl of Northumbria ( 1055–65 ). Exiled after an abortive attempt to intimidate the king, Harold and his father returned ( 1052 ) to dominate political affairs in England. Harold succeeded Edward the Confessor in 1066 , despite the Norman claim that Edward had designated Duke William of Normandy as his heir and that Harold had recognized William’s right. Tostig, who had been dispossessed of his earldom, raided the south-east coast before joining the...

Fulford Gate, battle of

Fulford Gate, battle of (1066)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
72 words

...Gate, battle of ( 1066 ) The Norwegian king *Haraldr Sigurdarson and the ousted *Tostig , earl of *Northumbria , defeated the northern English earls Morcar and Edwin near *York , five days before their own devastating defeat by *Harold II Godwinson , king of the English, at *Stamford Bridge . Thor Ewing C. Jones , The Forgotten Battle of 1066: Fulford (2006). G. Schofield , ‘ The Third Battle of 1066 ’, History Today (October, 1966); 20 June 2008, www.battleoffulford.org.uk/a_third_battle.htm...

Stamford Bridge, Battle of

Stamford Bridge, Battle of (25 September 1066)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
69 words

...Bridge, Battle of ( 25 September 1066 ) A battle at a village on the River Derwent in Yorkshire, north-east England, in which Harold II of England defeated a large invading army under his exiled brother Tostig and the King of Norway, Harald Hardrada, both of whom were killed. Harold’s army marched south from Stamford to face the Norman invasion and fight the Battle of Hastings...

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