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Tone Roads

Subject: Music

Name of 2 works by Ives. No.1 for small orch., comp. 1911; No.3 for chamber orch., comp. 1915.

Tone Roads

Tone Roads   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music
Length:
21 words

... Roads Name of 2 works by Ives . No.1 for small orch, comp. 1911 ; No.3 for chbr orch, comp. 1915...

Tone Roads

Tone Roads  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Name of 2 works by Ives. No.1 for small orch., comp. 1911; No.3 for chamber orch., comp. 1915.
King John

King John   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,371 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...: although this play was attributed to Shakespeare in its 1611 and 1623 reprints, most scholars now believe that this was a source for Shakespeare’s play rather than a derivative version of it. Shakespeare’s condensation of The Troublesome Reign is marked chiefly by a toning down of its strident anti-Catholicism: the main point of the earlier play is to depict John as a fearless resister of the papacy, a comparatively incidental aspect of his presentation in Shakespeare’s version. Synopsis: 1.1 The ambassador Châtillon declares war on King John in...

Prints

Prints   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,058 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...century into a highly formalized system of parallel lines and cross-hatching which could provide a kind of equivalence to a painting, but could never pass for a facsimile. In the hands of the best practitioners, like William *Sharp , engravings could produce remarkable effects of tone: they retained a strong aura of probity and ancient craft, but they never claimed to capture the texture of the original. Painters, when making prints themselves, almost always preferred the less laborious and infinitely more spontaneous medium of etching, which required them not...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...entertain vast crowds. Hunt was the main speaker at some of the largest radical meetings in London in November and December 1816 , February 1817 , September 1818 , and July 1819 . On these public platforms Hunt adopted an independent, uncompromising, and resolutely democratic tone, and promoted a common sense of purpose among his listeners. Probably the largest, most effective, and most sophisticated single publicity campaign mounted by the radicals in these years, however, was the *Queen Caroline affair of 1820–1 . When the unpopular George IV sought...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and beloved womenfolk. Within this framework, women faced an extraordinarily paradoxical situation. They were expected to be the religious and moral guides and leaders of men, to whom they were in every other way subordinate. Similarly, they were to raise the moral and religious tone of their family and household, and through this of the wider social world—a world to which they were denied direct access, at least in terms of political rights. While new emphasis was being placed on the importance of women as the anchors of both domestic and public life, it is...

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation

Central Government, Courts, and Taxation   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
7,753 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of riots in which the militia had shot rioters. Until the early 19th century the English had laws rather than government, hence the information that central government required was limited. Within this long period we might usefully see two sub‐periods with strikingly different tones. The first is a long period of activist government, starting in the second decade of the 16th century and extending to the fourth decade of the 17th. During this period government did, with varying degrees of success, intermittently try to address social problems, for instance...

Retronyms

Retronyms   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
527 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

.... In the beginning there was the telephone . Each one had the same essential features, including a dial. (For convenience, the word was shortened to the casualism phone .) Then came another type: the push-button telephone (often referred to by the trademark Touch-Tone telephone ). So a neologism had to be developed to refer to the original type with a dial: the rotary telephone . That term is an example of a retronym—a word or phrase invented to denote what was originally a genus term but has now become just one more species in a larger genus....

Headlinese

Headlinese   Reference library

Garner’s Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Language reference, Usage and Grammar Guides
Length:
1,623 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

.... • Make a definite statement with a concrete idea that can be easily grasped. Always prefer a tangible example over a general concept <50 Iraqis Die in Suicide Bombing> (as opposed to Violence Continues in Middle East ). • Ensure that the headline reflects the right tone for the publication and for the specific article, be it serious and sober or light and sensational <All 155 Aboard Safe as Crippled Jet Crash-Lands in Hudson ( N.Y. Times )> <CRASH RESCUE A REAL SLAM DUNK / GEESE KO ENGINES ( N.Y. Post )> . • Include a verb <A Dash of Wit...

John Adams

John Adams  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Worcester, Mass., 1947).Amer. composer, conductor, and clarinettist. Head, comp. dept., S. Francisco Cons. 1972–82. Comp.‐in‐res., S. Francisco SO 1979–85. One of composers known as minimalists, ...
Tone

Tone   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,843 words
Illustration(s):
6

...that it contrast two tone heights, H[igh] and L[ow]; these are usually marked with acute and grave accents respectively, e.g. Pawaian sú ‘tooth’, sù ‘road’. Languages may also have a M[id] tone, defining a third tone height, e.g. Yoruba dí ‘to block’, dï ‘to become’, dì ‘to tie’; and also a fourth lower-mid ('M) tone, as in Chatino k' ṹ ‘I eat’, k' ũ̄ ‘I grind’, k'ũ ũ̍ ‘sweet potato’, k' ũ̀ ‘dove’. The few languages that have been claimed to have five contrastive tone heights may be subject to reanalysis. Contour tones , which involve a change...

Theinred of Dover

Theinred of Dover   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
65 words

...fl . late 12th century) English music theorist . His single theoretical work, De legitimis ordinibus , accepts thirds and sixths as consonance, breaking with Pythagorean tradition, and develops a unique theory for explaining chromatically altered tones in plainchant. Randall Goldberg J. L. Snyder , ‘ The Road Not Taken: Theinred of Dover’s Theory of Species ’, Journal of the Royal Musicological Association , 115 (1990),...

Grano, Paul

Grano, Paul (1894–1975)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
133 words

...and journalist. He went to Queensland in 1932 and worked in the Main Roads Commission until his retirement. Grano founded the Catholic Poetry Society in Brisbane in 1934 and the Catholic Readers' and Writers' Society in 1943 . In 1946 he edited Witness to the Stars , an anthology of Catholic poetry of Australia and NZ. A Keatsian dedication to the ideals of truth and beauty, a wistful tone and skilful imagery are the hallmarks of his best verse. His volumes of poetry are The Roads and Other Poems ( 1934 ), Quest ( 1940 ), Poet's Holiday ( 1941 ),...

Heat-Moon, William Least [Trogdon, William]

Heat-Moon, William Least [Trogdon, William] (1939)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
100 words

...graduated from the University of Missouri and taught English at Stephens College before in 1978 undertaking an odyssey in an RV around the country on secondary roads. He took extensive notes, counterpointing meditations on a struggling marriage. Out of this experience he made Blue Highways ( 1982 ), a bestselling book akin to Steinbeck 's Travels with Charley, though darker in tone. After an interval of silence, Trogdon published Prairyerth (A Deep Map) ( 1991 ), a close inspection of rural Chase County, Kansas, including geologic history,...

Yates, Dornford

Yates, Dornford   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Built ( 1945 ). Yates's ‘Chandos’ thrillers ( Blind Corner , 1927 , etc.) were also popular. The Berry books portray an England and Europe of empty roads, leisured aristocracy, and obedient and respectful servant classes. The style is whimsical, a mixture of lyricism and excruciating puns. Though his novels reflect many twentieth-century historical crises, Yates rarely illuminates them; and his patrician tone and some disturbing prejudices probably account for his declining...

Fugard, Athol

Fugard, Athol (1932)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
157 words

...), The Island/Sizwe Banzi Is Dead ( 1974 ), A Lesson from Aloes ( 1980 ), Master Harold … and the Boys ( 1982 ), The Road to Mecca ( 1988 ), Valley Song ( 1995 ), The Captain's Tiger ( 1999 ), Sorrows and Rejoicings ( 2002 ), and Exits and Entrances ( 2007 ). Most of Fugard's plays concern apartheid and how it affects both the white and black citizens of his native country, and he is known for his poetic, philosophical tone rather than angry socialistic stance. He frequently directs his own plays in New York and...

‘Lazy Harry's’

‘Lazy Harry's’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
135 words

...is perhaps the best-known Australian folk-song to chronicle the notorious ‘lambing down’ of shearers by shanty-keepers. In the song two shearers travel through the Riverina towards Sydney but go on a spree at Lazy Harry 's shanty on the road to Gundagai and are relieved of their shearing cheques. The rueful tone of ‘Lazy Harry's’ is repeated in other Australian folk-songs about bush workers in shanties, e.g. ‘The Wild Rover’ and ‘Across the Western Plains’ (also known as ‘The Jolly Jolly Grog’). Both songs are included in A. B. Paterson 's Old Bush...

Molloy, M. J.

Molloy, M. J.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...he anticipated the finest work of Tom Murphy and John B. Keane . Molloy also recalls Synge in the way he dramatizes individual suffering while avoiding the temptation of questioning its historical and political causes. His tone, reflected in the characters he creates, tends to be mournful and fatalistic. His first play, The Old Road ( 1943 ), staged at the Abbey Theatre , reveals the beginnings of his continuing preoccupation with emigration, as well as his characteristic use of local dialect and eccentricity. After The Visiting House ( 1946 ), Molloy...

On the Road

On the Road   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...’ to describe Kerouac and, inter alia , Allen Ginsberg and William Burroughs , both of whom appear in the work under the respective names ‘Carlo Marx’ and ‘Bull Lee’. The radically anti-authoritarian tone and enthusiastic accounts of cannabis smoking and other modes of intoxication were among the reasons for the rejection of On the Road by the publishers of Kerouac's comparatively conventional first novel, The Town and the City ( 1950 ); during the years that elapsed before its publication the original text was abridged and emended, a process...

Kessel, Barney

Kessel, Barney (17 Oct 1923)   Reference library

Barry Kernfeld

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
241 words

...Herb Ellis in the group Great Guitars. He also led workshops, made jazz recordings, and toured internationally. Although Kessel possessed the smooth tone and immaculate technique required of a studio musician, he improvised swinging, infectious jazz melodies. He published instruction manuals, including The Guitar: a Tutor ( 1967 , 4/ 1975 ). Bibliography G. Lees : “Barney Kessel: Why he Went Back on the Road,” DB , xxviii/1 (1961), 21 H. Siders : “Kessel ’66,” DB , xxxiii/14 (1966), 28 M. Joyce and J. DeMuth : “Barney Kessel: Interview,” Cadence ,...

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