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Tokyo

Japan's capital and largest city, situated on the central Pacific coast of Honshu Island, at the head of Tokyo Bay. Settlement dates back to about 10,000 bc, and a village ...

Tokyo

Tokyo (c.1860)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... real name: Umegawa Tokyo Japanese , 19th century, male. Active in Kyoto c.1860 . Born 1828 ; died 1869 . Painter , print artist . Umegawa Tokyo specialised in landscapes and...

Tokyo

Tokyo   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
64 words

... The capital city of Japan and part of Greater Tokyo, generally reckoned to be the largest or one of the largest metropolitan regions in the world. With around thirty five million inhabitants, the Tokyo region is also the world’s most concentrated area of consumer purchasing power. It is an archetypal global city , a centre for multinational finance, services, and manufacturing...

Tokyo

Tokyo   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
581 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Ryuichi Narita . Tokyo no hyakunen (One Hundred Years of Tokyo). Tokyo, 1986. Koshizawa, Akira . Tokyo no Toshi Keikaku (City Planning of Tokyo). Tokyo, 1991. Mikuriya, Takashi . Tokyo: Shuto wa kokka wo koeruka (Tokyo: Will the Capital Go beyond the State?). Tokyo, 1995. Nobuki, Mochida . Toshi no Seibi to Kaihatsu (Construction and Development of Cities). In Sangyoka no Jidai (Era of Industrialization), edited by Shunsaku Nishikawa and Yuzo Yamamoto , vol. 2. Tokyo, 1990. Tokyo City . Tokyo-shi Shi Ko (Draft of the History of Tokyo City). Kyoto,...

Tokyo

Tokyo   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
154 words

... (Jap. ‘Eastern capital’) Capital of Japan, on e central Honshu, at the head of Tokyo Bay. The modern city divides into distinct districts: Kasumigaseki, Japan's administrative centre; Marunouchi, its commercial centre; Ginza, its shopping and cultural centre; the w shore of Tokyo Bay, its industrial centre. Modern Tokyo also serves as the country's educational centre with more than 100 universities. Founded in the 12th century as Edo , it became capital of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603 . In 1868 , the Japanese Reformation re-established imperial...

Tokyo

Tokyo (Honshū/Japan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Tokyo , Honshū/Japan ( Edo ) A metropolis, Tōkyō, and the Japanese capital city, Tokyo. At the mouth of a river, it was developed from the small fishing village of Edo ‘Estuary’. It was given its present name meaning ‘Eastern Capital’ from tō ‘east’ and kyō ‘capital’ in 1868 when the capital was transferred from Kyōto, far to the west, to Edo with the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji ‘Enlightened Rule’ Restoration. After Tokugawa Ieyasu ( 1543–1616 ), shogun ( 1603–5 ), had become shogun he declared Edo to be his seat of power and it...

Tokyo

Tokyo   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,241 words

... . The political, economic, and bureaucratic center of Japan, Tokyo is a bustling urban megalopolis that in 2006 was home to more than 12 million people. Tokyo has developed as one of the world's most important, vibrant, and modern cities. Over the past three hundred years, three interrelated processes have fundamentally shaped the development of Tokyo: significant population growth and geographic expansion as Tokyo's importance within Japan and the world has increased, natural and human-induced catastrophes that destroyed large segments of the city, and...

Tokyo

Tokyo   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
773 words

...his official residence in newly renamed Tokyo (Eastern Capital). The centre of Japan's political, cultural, and economic life, Tokyo was the birthplace of all of the new developments in theatre and performance from the Meiji Restoration until today. Freed from legal restrictions, theatres were built all over the city. In the early Meiji Period women's gidayū recitation and various storytelling arts enjoyed burgeoning popularity. In the 1890s shimpa challenged kabuki's popularity and the cinema was introduced to Tokyo. The 1,700-seat Imperial Theatre was...

‘Tokyo Rose’

‘Tokyo Rose’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...introduction to Masayo Duus' Tokyo Rose: Orphan of the Pacific (Tokyo, 1979) that ‘Tokyo Rose was to become a disgrace to American justice’. She was released after six years and in January 1977 received a presidential pardon. For propaganda, see subversive warfare...

Tokyo Express

Tokyo Express   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Express , Allied nickname for regular convoys of Japanese destroyer-transports which carried reinforcements and supplies for Japanese troops fighting during the Pacific war on Guadalcanal and, later, on other islands in the Solomons. They were dispatched from Rabaul , down the channel between the islands which the Allies called ‘The Slot’, and were first given this name by Coast Watchers who reported their movements. The mainstay of the Tokyo Express was - Rear-Admiral **Tanaka 's Transport Group. See also convoys...

Tokyo Globe

Tokyo Globe   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
80 words

... Globe , salmon-pink theatre modelled on the first Globe , and privately financed, which opened in 1988 . Located in an outer suburb, it re-creates the original's layout and façade, though much of the interior shows Japanese influence. Its first occupant was the English Shakespeare Company ( see BOGDANOV ) with its ‘Wars of the Roses’ cycle. It was soon followed by the National Theatre (in Cymbeline, The Tempest , and The Winter's Tale ), the Royal Dramatic Theatre (in Hamlet ), and the Maly Theatre ,...

Tokyo Rose

Tokyo Rose   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Rose The name given by US servicemen to a woman broadcaster of propaganda from Japan during the Second World War. Several US-born Japanese (‘Nisei’, literally ‘second generation’) girls were suspected of taking part in these broadcasts but only one, Iva Ikuko Toguri d’Aquino ( 1916–2006 ), was found guilty. She served six years in prison, but in 1977 was granted a pardon by US president Gerald Ford . See also haw-haw, lord...

Tokyo Trials

Tokyo Trials   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
86 words

... Trials The war crimes trials of Japanese leaders after World War II. Between May 1946 and November 1948 , 27 Japanese leaders appeared before an international tribunal charged with crimes ranging from murder and atrocities to responsibility for causing the war. Seven, including the former Prime Minister Tojo Hideki , were sentenced to death and 16 to life imprisonment (two others receiving shorter terms), but General MacArthur refused to allow the Emperor Hirohito to be tried for fear of undermining the post‐war Japanese state....

Tokyo Round

Tokyo Round   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Economics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
68 words

...Tokyo Round The round of international trade talks under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade held in 1973–9 . The round was named from its opening conference in Japan. It reached agreement on tariff cuts on most world trade in manufactures by about a third, implemented over the following five years. It failed to reach any agreement on agricultural protection or non-tariff barriers to trade....

Tokyo Rose

Tokyo Rose   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Rose ( 1916 –) radio propagandist. Born Ikuko Toguri in Los Angeles, California, Iva Toguri graduated from UCLA in 1941 and ended up stranded in Japan after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor ( 1941 ) and the United States entered World War II . The Japanese government regarded her as an “enemy alien” after she refused to become a Japanese citizen. Married to Felipe d'Aquino , Iva Toguri d'Aquino found a job as an announcer at Radio Tokyo, where she met two prisoners of war (one Australian, the other a U.S. citizen) who were forced to write...

Tokyo Trials

Tokyo Trials (May 1946–Nov. 1948)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
111 words

...Tokyo Trials ( May 1946–Nov. 1948 ) After World War II , 28 Japanese military, diplomatic, and political leaders were brought before an international tribunal to be judged by the Allies and nations affected by the war with Japan. The accused were charged with conspiracy to commit aggression, and conventional war crimes. Seven, including Hirota Kōki and Tōjō Hideki , were sentenced to death. Sixteen received life imprisonment, two others were given shorter terms, and the remaining three did not complete the trial through death or illness. Scholarly opinion...

Tokyo Sexwale

Tokyo Sexwale (1953– )   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
98 words

...Tokyo Tokyo Sexwale 1953 –   South African politician and businessman The president's shoes are huge and Thabo has tiny feet. of Thabo mbeki as President of South Africa quoted on BBC News Online website, 7 August 2001 president's shoes shoes are huge Thabo has tiny feet If blacks get hurt, I get hurt. If whites get hurt, that's my wife, and if you harm coloured people, you're looking for my children. Your unity embodies who I am. quoted in Biographies of Special South Africans (website www.zar.co.za) if blacks get hurt if blacks get ...

Tokyo, Japan

Tokyo, Japan (2010)   Reference library

Roman Adrian CYBRIWSKY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,834 words

...II. Most of the few pockets of traditional Tokyo that remain have since been redeveloped by private-sector construction firms. The result is a city of ever taller high-rises and a history that is remembered mostly by old place names, new historical markers, and occasional reconstructions of famous temples and shrines. Prominent new developments include Roppongi Hills and Tokyo Midtown at the edge of Tokyo’s central business district, new construction near Tokyo Station, and Odaiba in Tokyo Bay. It is said that Tokyo expands in every direction possible: outward...

Tokyo Grain Exchange

Tokyo Grain Exchange (Japan)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Grain Exchange (Japan) . Commodity exchange dealing, principally in rice and maize futures...

Tokyo Ballet, The

Tokyo Ballet, The   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
177 words

...Tokyo Ballet, The Ballet company based in Tokyo which grew out of the city's first classical ballet school, the Tokyo Ballet Gakko, founded by Koichi Hayashi in 1960 and based on the Soviet model. When the company first performed it was known as the Tchaikovsky Memorial Ballet. In 1964 , after going bankrupt, the school and company were reorganized by the impresario Tadatsugu Sasaki, who greatly expanded their activities. The company made its first visit to Western Europe in 1970 , and performed an extensive European tour five years later, the first...

Tokyo Stock Exchange

Tokyo Stock Exchange (Japan)   Reference library

The Handbook of International Financial Terms

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... Stock Exchange ( TSE ) (Japan) . 2-1 Nihombashi-Kabuto-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103 (tel. 81 (0) 3 3666 0141; fax 81 (0) 3 3639 5016). Principal stock exchange in Japan, the other major exchange being the Osaka Securities Exchange ; it is divided into a first and second section. First section listed companies are the largest and market behaviour is measured by the Nikkei 225 Index . It also has a derivatives annex for trading Japanese government bond futures and options...

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