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Thucydides

(c. 455–c. 400 bc), Greek historian. He is remembered for his History of the Peloponnesian War, which analyses the origins and course of the war, and includes the reconstruction ...

Thucydides

Thucydides   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6 words

... ( see following page...

Thucydides

Thucydides (401)   Reference library

Ian PLANT

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,187 words

...biography of Thucydides) says that Thucydides’s mother’s name was Hegesipyle; the name of his father is identical with that of a Thracian prince whose daughter, also named Hegesipyle, married an important Athenian aristocrat named Miltiades. Thucydides was thus related to important members of the Thracian and Athenian aristocracies, including his Athenian namesake Thucydides, the son of Melesias. Plutarch tells us that Thucydides’ tomb was in the Athenian suburb of Koile Meletides, next to those of Miltiades and Cimon’s sister Elpinice. Thucydides had one son...

Thucydides

Thucydides (c.460–c.400 bc)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
36 words

... ( c. 460–c.400 bc ) Greek historian . A commander in the Peloponnesian War , his History of the Peloponnesian War is a determined attempt to write objective history, and it displays a profound understanding of human...

Thucydides

Thucydides (1)   Reference library

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Tim J. Cornell, and P. J. Rhodes

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
171 words

...the statutory ten years, and he was prosecuted in old age by one Cephisodemus ( Ar. Ach. 676–718). Thucydides (2) the historian was probably a member of the same family: possibly his mother was a daughter of Thucydides son of Melesias. PA 7268; J. K. Davies , APF 230–7; A. Andrewes , JHS 1978, 1–8; LGPN 2 (1994), Thoukydides no. 7. Arnold Wycombe Gomme / Tim J. Cornell / P. J....

Thucydidēs

Thucydidēs   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
102 words

... 1 , son of Melēsias , Athenian politician (b. c. 500 bc ). He was an aristocrat, connected by marriage with Cimon . After the death of Cimon he succeeded him as the leading conservative opponent of Pericles : he is said to have objected esp. to the building programme, and to have organized his supporters in a block in the assembly. His clash with Pericles led to his ostracism c. 443 ; he presumably returned to Athens after the statutory ten years, and acc. to Aristophanes' Acharnians he was prosecuted in old age. Thucydides (2) the...

Thucydides

Thucydides (c.460/455–c.400 bc)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
119 words

...Thucydides ( c. 460/455– c. 400 bc ) Athenian historian who left a brilliant account in eight books of the Peloponnesian War, waged disastrously by Athens against Sparta. Giving the story the inexorable dignity of a tragedy, he traced effects to natural human causes and emphasized the scientific value of eyewitness accounts, while creating powerful speeches for the leading figures in his narrative, of which Pericles' funeral oration (Bk 2) is the most famous. The first English translation from the Greek was by Thomas Hobbes ( 1629 ). In 1830–5 Thomas...

Thucydidēs

Thucydidēs   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
2,526 words

.... It is unlikely Thucydides left his unfinished work in no need of editing. If one looks for an editor, one thinks of Xenophon, who wrote his continuation (it seems) immediately after Thucydides' death; the suggestion was made in antiquity. His soldierly (if not his intellectual) qualities might commend him to Thucydides, but if it was indeed he, he worked with extreme piety, and his hand is very little apparent. 4. Speeches and Documents Ancient craftsmen , and Thucydides notably, aimed at exactness; but in his speeches, Thucydides admits that exactness...

Thucydides

Thucydides   Reference library

Henry Theodore Wade-Gery, John Dewar Denniston, and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,799 words

...as does the outstanding monograph of K. Maurer , Interpolation in Thucydides ( 1995 ). On Thucydides’ reception, see R. Nicolai in J. Rusten (ed.), Thucydides ( 2009 ), ch. 17 and S. Hornblower , Thucydidean Themes ( 2010 ), ch. 15. Otherwise monographs and articles have explored Thucydides’ treatment or non-treatment of particular themes such as chance and intelligence ( L. Edmunds , Chance and Intelligence in Thucydides ( 1975 )), ΑΝΑΓΚΗ ( M. Ostwald , ΑΝΑΓΚΗ in Thucydides ( 1988 )), religion, esp. Delphi ( S. Hornblower , Thucydidean...

Thucydides

Thucydides   Quick reference

Henry Theodore Wade-Gery, John Dewar Denniston, and Simon Hornblower

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,795 words

...in Thucydides ( 1995 ). On the important topic of the 4th-cent. and Hellenistic reception of Thucydides, Luschnat 1970 (see above) is less good than the older but shorter work of H. Strebel , Wertung und Wirkung des Thukydideischen Geschichtswerkes ( 1935 ): see Hornblower, JHS 1995 . Other monographs include: L. Edmunds , Chance and Intelligence in Thucydides ( 1975 ), M. Ostwald , ANAГKHin Thucydides ( 1988 ); Hornblower, Harv. Stud . 1992 (on religion esp. Delphi); L. Kallet-Marx , Money , Expense and Naval Power in Thucydides'...

Thucydides

Thucydides   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
516 words

...the war . The son of Olorus , Thucydides was an Athenian who had Thracian roots, including an interest in gold mines there. From textual evidence, Thucydides is estimated to have been born around 460 b.c.e. Having been elected one of Athens's ten strategoi in 424 with responsibility for the Thracian region, Thucydides had unfortunately lost the important city of Amphipolis that winter to the Spartan general Brasidas 's surprising winter campaign and his effective anti-imperialist appeals. Returning to Athens, Thucydides was tried and convicted for his...

Thucydides

Thucydides (2)   Reference library

Henry Theodore Wade-Gery, John Dewar Denniston, and Simon Hornblower

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,364 words

... 1994; K. Maurer , Interpolation in Thucydides (1995); W. K. Pritchett , Thucydides' Pentekontaetia and Other Essays (1995); G. Cawkwell , Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War (1997); T. Rood , Thucydides: Narrative and Explanation (1998); C. Pelling , Literary Texts and the Greek Historian (2000); L. Kallet , Money, Rhetoric and the Corrosion of Power in Thucydides (2001); H.-P. Stahl , Thucydides: Man's Place in History (2002); S. Hornblower , Thucydides and Pindar (2004); C. Dewald , Thucydides’ War Narrative (2005); A. Rengakos and ...

Thucydides

Thucydides (460/455–c.400)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
150 words

... ( c. 460/455– c. 400 bc ) Athenian historian who left a brilliant account in eight books of the Peloponnesian War, waged disastrously by Athens against Sparta. Giving the story the inexorable dignity of a tragedy, he traced effects to natural human causes and emphasized the scientific value of eyewitness accounts, while creating powerful speeches for the leading figures in his narrative, of which Pericles' funeral oration (Bk 2) is the most famous. The first English translation from the Greek was by Thomas Hobbes ( 1629 ) (that by Thomas Nicholls...

Thucydides

Thucydides (460–c.404 bc)   Quick reference

Peter Byrd

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
277 words

... ( 460– c. 404 bc ) Thucydides’ account of The Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta is one of the classic pieces of writing on war. Thucydides, himself a failed Athenian admiral, wrote a detailed history of the war which, unlike the writings of his contemporaries, explained events by reference to the interplay of personalities and power rather than by the divine intervention of the gods. Above all, his account is written from a realist perspective which seeks to explain and understand rather than to moralize about war, although he does...

Thucydides

Thucydides (455–c.400)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
77 words

... ( c . 455– c .400 bc ) Greek historian . He is remembered for his History of the Peloponnesian War , an account of a conflict in which he fought on the Athenian side. The work covers events up to about 411 and presents an analysis of the origins and course of the war, based on painstaking inquiry into what actually happened and including the reconstruction of political speeches of such figures as Pericles, whom he greatly admired....

Thucydides

Thucydides (c.460–400bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,406 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Secondary Works Connor, Walter R. Thucydides . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984. Gomme, A. W. , A. Andrewes , and K. J. Dover . A Historical Commentary on Thucydides . 5 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1945–1981. Hornblower, Simon . Commentary on Thucydides . 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1991–2008. Rengakos, Antonios , and Antonis Tsakmakis , eds. Brill's Companion to Thucydides . Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2006. Rusten, Jeffrey S. , ed. Thucydides . Oxford Readings in Classical Studies....

Thucydides

Thucydides (c.455–c.400 bc)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
158 words

... Thucydides c. 455 – c. 400 bc Athenian historian If [my history] should be judged useful by those enquirers who desire an exact knowledge of the past as an aid to the interpretation of the future…I shall be content. History of the Peloponnesian War bk. 1, ch. 22 (translated by Richard Crawley, 1874) exact knowledge of the past exact knowledge of the past interpretation of the future interpretation of the future I have written my work, not as an essay which is to win the applause of the moment, but as a possession for all time. History of...

Thucydides

Thucydides (c.455–c.400 bc)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
178 words

...0 Thucydides c. 455 – c. 400 bc Greek historian . See also Solon If [my history] should be judged useful by those enquirers who desire an exact knowledge of the past as an aid to the interpretation of the future…I shall be content. History of the Peloponnesian War bk. 1, ch. 22 (tr. Richard Crawley, 1874) exact knowledge of the past exact knowledge of the past interpretation of the future interpretation of the future I have written my work, not as an essay which is to win the applause of the moment, but as a possession for all time....

Thucydides

Thucydides (460)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
339 words

..., on the other hand, declared Thucydides worthy of “being thrown into the pit” because his style lacked clarity, persuasiveness, and charm (cf. B. Baldwin , BZ 75 [ 1982 ] 313–16). The Excerpta de virtutibus et vitiis (pt.2, ed. A.G. Roos , 33–45) draws on Thucydides. The Souda includes his biography, and his earliest MS dates from the early 10th C. Possibly excepting Maximos Planoudes , no Palaiologan scholar is known to have engaged in textual criticism of Thucydides. The number of extant MSS indicates that Thucydides was more widely read than ...

Thucydides

Thucydides   Reference library

Hayward R. Alker Jr.

The Oxford Companion to International Relations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
519 words

...during the war. The son of Olorus, Thucydides was an Athenian who had Thracian roots, including an interest in gold mines there. From textual evidence, Thucydides is estimated to have been born around 460 BCE Having been elected one of Athens's ten strategoi in 424 with responsibility for the Thracian region, Thucydides had unfortunately lost the important city of Amphipolis that winter to the Spartan general Brasidas's surprising winter campaign and his effective anti-imperialist appeals. Returning to Athens, Thucydides was tried and convicted for his loss,...

Thūcy'didēs

Thūcy'didēs   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
1,352 words

...speeches serve to reveal the policies or attitudes which lay behind the decisions of the generals and politicians who made them, as Thucydides saw them. Often he presents the speeches of two opponents advocating opposite courses of action. Since all the speeches are reported in Thucydides' own idiosyncratic style, it has been thought that they must be his original compositions, designed to make clear in dramatic form what Thucydides thought to be the fundamental issues, but this is to disbelieve his statement to the contrary. Some critics have also felt that in...

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