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Thomas Day

Subject: Literature

(1748–89), an admirer of Rousseau, was keenly interested in educational theory and natural upbringing. He was the author of the celebrated children's book The History of Sandford ...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas (1748–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
42 words

..., Thomas ( 1748–89 ), social reformer and novelist : educ. London ( City : Charterhouse) and Oxford ( Corpus Christi College ); lives in Anningsley Park ; lives in London ( Stoke Newington : Church St.); buried in Wargrave . The History of Sandford and Merton 1783–9...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas (1748–89)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

..., Thomas ( 1748–89 ) Radical pamphleteer and author of the influential children's book The History of Sandford and Merton (3 vols, 1783–9 ), intended to illustrate the doctrine that people may be made good by reason and instruction. It consists of a series of episodes in which the rich and objectionable Tommy Merton is contrasted with the upright and tender‐hearted Harry Sandford , a farmer's son; eventually Tommy is reformed. Day also wrote The History of Little Jack ( 1787 ), about a young wild boy suckled by goats. Day was a friend of the...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas (1748–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

..., Thomas ( 1748–89 ) Radical pamphleteer and author of the influential children's book The History of Sandford and Merton (3 vols, 1783–9 ), intended to illustrate the doctrine that people may be made good by reason and instruction. It consists of a series of episodes in which the rich and objectionable Tommy Merton is contrasted with the upright and tender‐hearted Harry Sandford , a farmer's son; eventually Tommy is reformed. Day also wrote The History of Little Jack ( 1787 ), about a young wild boy suckled by goats. Day was a friend of the...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas   Reference library

Erin D Somerville

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
257 words

..., Thomas ( 1748–1789 ). English poet , philanthropist , and early voice of the abolition movement. Day was born in London and educated at Oxford, where he became influenced by the philosophy of Jean‐Jacques Rousseau. In 1773 he came across a newspaper account of the death of a slave who had committed suicide to save himself from a return to plantation labour. The story inspired Day and his friend John Bicknell to produce The Dying Negro ( 1773 ). This long poem is written as a slave's suicide note to his future wife and can be read as a response to...

DAY, Thomas

DAY, Thomas (1748–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
113 words

...DAY, Thomas ( 1748–89 ) English writer , author of Sandford and Merton . Day lived most of his life according to the principles of philanthropy, austere simplicity, and manual labour that he recommended in Sandford and Merton . A disciple of Rousseau , whom he met in Paris, Day tried to find the ideal wife by taking two twelve-year-old girls from orphanages and educating them according to his version of the precepts in Émile . Neither girl proved acceptable, and he eventually married a well-educated heiress who admired his writing. Besides Sandford...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas (1748–89)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Thomas ( 1748–89 ), radical , novelist , and one of England's most influential exponents and practitioners of *Rousseauism in *education [17] , literature, and politics. Having inherited a moderate landed estate from his father, Thomas Day possessed sufficient means to devote his life to social, educational, literary, and political experiment inspired by the primitivist ideals of Jean Jacques Rousseau and the contemporary British cult of *sensibility [11] . Though he showed signs of marked asceticism during his school days at Charterhouse,...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
553 words

..., Thomas ( 1748–1789 ), author of The History of Sandford and Merton ( 1783–1789 ), a moral tale reflecting Jean-Jacques Rousseau 's ideas in Émile ( 1762 ) about the education of upper-class boys. Like many late-18th-century thinkers, Day was convinced that the rise of commerce and British imperial power was undermining civilization: the ruling class's integrity and patriotism was being eroded as its members grew increasingly dependent on luxuries. He believed that, if Spartan simplicity were adopted, the process of decline could be arrested, making...

Day, Thomas

Day, Thomas (1748–1789)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Thomas ( 1748–1789 ) British poet , novelist , and author The Dying Negro ( 1773 ) Poetry The Desolation of America ( 1777 ) Poetry Reflections upon the Present State of England ( 1782 ) Non-Fiction The History of Sandford and Merton ( 1783 ) Children's Fiction...

St Thomas's Day

St Thomas's Day   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Thomas's Day (21 December). In many areas this was the date for thomasing (or gooding), a ritualized begging for food in readiness for Christmas, and Wright and Lones list a number of doles formerly distributed on this day. There are a few scattered reports of other customs and beliefs: in several parts of the country, including Buckinghamshire, Yorkshire, and Warwickshire, it was the custom up to the 19th century to ‘ring Christmas in’ by a peal of church bells on St Thomas's Day. In Kent, one should sow broad beans on this day, and Denham Tracts ( 1895 :...

Holocene

Holocene   Reference library

Chris Scarre, Petra Day, Willy Tinner, Angela E. Close, Thomas C. Johnson, and Vaughn M. Bryant

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
4,011 words

... 34 (2007): 1–6. doi:10.1029/2007GL029508. Williams, M. , et al. “Abrupt Return of the Summer Monsoon 15,000 Years Ago: New Supporting Evidence from the Lower White Nile Valley and Lake Albert.” Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006): 2651–2665. Angela E. Close ; revised by Thomas C. Johnson Holocene: Holocene Environments in the Americas The Holocene is the present interglacial interval, which is ongoing and is part of the Quaternary Period. During the early 1800s the original name for this time period was called “the Recent” because it was believed that...

Thomas Day

Thomas Day  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1748–89),an admirer of Rousseau, was keenly interested in educational theory and natural upbringing. He was the author of the celebrated children's book The History of Sandford and Merton (3 vols, ...
St Thomas's Day

St Thomas's Day  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(21 December).In many areas this was the date for thomasing (or gooding), a ritualized begging for food in readiness for Christmas, and Wright and Lones list a number of doles formerly distributed on ...
Extra-canonical early Christian literature

Extra-canonical early Christian literature   Reference library

J. K. Elliott and J. K. Elliott

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,133 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Thomas , dating perhaps from the fifth century, gave a countdown, and describes the events of the final six days before the end of the world. One part of this text is given here: it concerns the events on the fourth day before the End. And on the fourth day, at the first hour, from the land of the east the abyss shall melt and roar. Then shall all the earth be shaken by the might of an earthquake. In that day shall the ornaments of the heathen fall, and all the buildings of the earth, before the might of the earthquake. These are the signs of the fourth day....

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...monk, Rowley, offered for sale by Thomas Chatterton , and ended with a schism between the leading literary scholars. The main anti-Rowleians, the party bent on proving Chatterton a forger, were the circle of Thomas Gray , who still mustered the most respected literary scholars and cognoscenti of the day. In addition to Thomas Warton they included the historian of painting and historical novelist Horace *Walpole , to whom Chatterton had attempted to sell a manuscript, the song-collector Thomas Percy , and the future editor of *Shakespeare , ...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of necessary labour. Such views were popularized by radicals like Joseph *Gerrald , whose A Convention the Only Means of Saving Us from Ruin ( 1793 ) imagined a day when the greater public virtue, resulting from *republicanism , would end the need for any system of punishment. As early as the 1780s a more collectivist strand in republicanism was being developed in the writings of Thomas *Spence , whose *agrarian utopia was founded on the nationalization of land and its management at the parish level. Spence himself participated in the revival of...

As You Like It

As You Like It   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,253 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...following day. Rosalind arrives, and after Oliver’s departure she promises Orlando that he will be able to marry Rosalind at the same time that his envied brother marries Celia, claiming she will be able to effect this by magic. Phoebe and Silvius arrive, and Rosalind promises that if she ever marries a woman it will be Phoebe: she assures Silvius that he too will be married, and instructs him, Orlando, and Phoebe to meet her the following day in their best clothes, ready for marriage. 5.3 Touchstone and Audrey, too, will be married the next day: in the...

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual

Folklore, Customs, and Civic Ritual   Quick reference

Charles Phythian-Adams

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,037 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...one to another of already constituted formal groups or identifiable categories of people by age, sex, marital status, institutional membership, or office. Such observances might range, therefore, from the informal activities of May Day to the solemn, hierarchically organized processions on, for example, St George's Day. Whereas rites of passage defined new positions, communal customs expressed ritualized versions of the established status quo, either by magnifying hierarchy, or by inverting normal status relationships such as, down to the 16th century,...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and the Duke of York were reported to have attended, the prince ‘enjoying the envied privilege of mingling undistinguished among the people it is possible he may one day govern, in a plain frock and slippers—with AFFABILITY the only Star about him’. His anonymity seems to have been short-lived, for he appears in full court dress in Francis *Wheatley 's watercolour of the 1790 opening day, Interior of the Shakespeare Gallery, Pall Mall , along with Joshua Reynolds, the Duchess of *Devonshire , the Duke of Clarence, R. B. *Sheridan , the Countess of...

The Bible in Literature

The Bible in Literature   Reference library

David Jasper

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,949 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
7

...of the Magi’, is a crisp intertext with Matthew 2, its images as hard and penetrating as the coldness which they describe. But by the far the greatest ‘biblical’ epic in the first half of the twentieth century, greater even than Thomas Mann's Joseph tetralogy, is James Joyce's Finnegans Wake (1939), described by Thomas Altizer as ‘the culmination of our Western literature…a culmination that is ending or apocalypse itself.’ The Wake embodies a liturgical action which is centred on the Eucharist, in writing and text, re-enacting the biblical narrative...

Design

Design   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,178 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... George Hepplewhite 's The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer's Guide , published after his death by his wife in successive editions of 1788 , 1789 , and 1794 , was the first major furniture pattern book to appear after the third edition of Thomas Chippendale 's Director in 1762 , and was heavily dependent on Adam. Thomas Sheraton 's ( 1751–1806 ) The Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book , published in parts between 1791 and 1794 (with a second edition in 1794 and a third in 1802 ), attracted 700 subscribers, including cabinet-makers,...

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