Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 175 entries  for:

  • All: Thomas Clarkson x
clear all

View:

Overview

Thomas Clarkson

(1760–1846). Anti‐slavery campaigner. Born in Wisbech (Cambs.), Clarkson was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, where he became concerned about slavery. In 1787 he helped ...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ) British anti-slavery campaigner An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species ( 1786 ) Non-Fiction A Portraiture of Quakerism ( 1806 ) Non-Fiction The History of the Abolition of the African Slave-Trade ( 1808 ) ...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (b. 28 March 1760)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
881 words

..., Thomas ( b. 28 March 1760 ; d. 26 September 1846 ), an English publicist and leader in the abolitionist movement. Thomas Clarkson single-mindedly devoted his life to ending the slave trade and slavery. Clarkson was born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, England. His father, the Reverend John Clarkson (who died suddenly when Thomas was only six years old) was headmaster of the Wisbech Free Grammar School; his mother, Anne Ward, came from a genteel background. From an early age Clarkson was raised in the Anglican faith, which was to inspire his tireless...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
97 words

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ) British philanthropist . A strong opponent of slavery, he became a founder member of the Committee for the Suppression of the Slave Trade. He collected much information about the trade and conditions on slave ships, which was published in a pamphlet and used by William Wilberforce in his parliamentary campaign for abolition. In 1807 an Act was passed prohibiting British participation in the slave trade . In 1823 Clarkson became a leading member of the Anti-Slavery Society, which saw its efforts rewarded with the 1833 ...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ), anti-slave-trade agitator . In 1787 he was involved in the establishment of a Christian settlement for poor Blacks in Sierra Leone and, with some leading Quakers and with W. Wilberforce , he formed a group which pressed in the House of Commons for the abolition of the slave-trade in the British Empire (achieved in 1807...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
106 words

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ). Anti‐slavery campaigner. Born in Wisbech (Cambs.), Clarkson was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, where he became concerned about slavery. In 1787 he helped found a committee for the suppression of the slave trade and lectured on abolition until his health collapsed in 1794 . He resumed lecturing in 1805 until the ending of the trade in the British empire in 1807 . With William Wilberforce he was a vice‐president of the Anti‐Slavery Society (founded 1823 ), and after the Act was carried in 1833 for the...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Reference library

Edward Royle

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
147 words

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ) . Anti-slavery campaigner. Born in Wisbech (Cambs.), son of a schoolmaster, Clarkson was educated at St Paul’s School and St John’s College, Cambridge, where he became concerned about slavery. In 1787 he helped found a committee for the suppression of the slave trade and lectured on behalf of the parliamentary campaign for abolition until his health collapsed in 1794 . He resumed lecturing in 1805 until the ending of the trade in the British empire in 1807 . In 1818 he took the case for international abolition to the...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ), *abolitionist and *philanthropist . Serious-minded son of a curate schoolmaster, Clarkson won the University of Cambridge prize in Latin for an essay on *slavery [6] in 1785 . From this time onwards he was like a man possessed, earning S. T. *Coleridge 's ambivalent accolade of ‘the Moral Steam-Engine, or the Giant with one idea’. Believing himself called to the task of ending Britain's involvement in slavery, Clarkson joined his prodigious labours to those, such as the *Quakers , who were already making their protests...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas (1760–1846)   Reference library

John Coffey

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
350 words

...of the cause. His indefatigable activism over many decades prompted Coleridge to call him ‘a moral steam-engine’, while others hailed him ‘the holy apostle of emancipation’. John Coffey Clarkson’s Correspondence with Henry Christophe, King of Haiti , ed. E. L. Griggs and C. H. Prator (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1952). E. Gibson Wilson , Thomas Clarkson: A Biography (1989). See also bibl. to slavery . H. Brogan in ODNB (2011): < https://doi.org/10.1093/ref:odnb/5545...

Clarkson, Thomas

Clarkson, Thomas   Reference library

John Gilmore

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
518 words

..., Thomas ( 1760–1846 ). Campaigner against the slave trade and slavery. Clarkson was educated at the University of Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1783 , but remained to continue his studies in preparation for becoming an Anglican clergyman. In 1785 he decided to enter a university contest for a Latin essay. His aim was simply academic prestige, but the topic, set by the university's Vice‐Chancellor, Peter Peckard , was Anne liceat invitos in servitutem dare? [‘Is it lawful to make men slaves against their will?’]. Clarkson won the prize, but...

Thomas Clarkson

Thomas Clarkson  

(1760–1846).Anti‐slavery campaigner. Born in Wisbech (Cambs.), Clarkson was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, where he became concerned about slavery. In 1787 he helped found a committee for ...
Population Levels and Trends

Population Levels and Trends   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,124 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ( 1979 ). Studies of particular aspects of demography included J. Cornwall , ‘English Population in the Early Sixteenth Century’, Economic History Review , 2nd ser., 23/1 ( 1970 ), Peter Laslett and Richard Wall (eds), Household and Family in Past Time ( 1972 ), L. A. Clarkson , Death, Disease and Famine in Pre‐Industrial England ( 1975 ), David Levine , ‘The Reliability of Parochial Registration and the Representativeness of Family Reconstitution’, Population Studies , 30 ( 1976 ), John Hatcher , Plague, Population and the English Economy,...

Slavery

Slavery   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,891 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...*Wilkes and destined to become still more pronounced with the *corresponding societies movement in the early 1790s. The London committee, though spiritually devout, consisted of practical businessmen who quickly appreciated the need for a national, popular campaign. In Thomas *Clarkson they found the ideal peripatetic agent, ceaselessly spreading the abolitionist word throughout Britain—often at risk to himself. Abolition was above all else a brilliant propaganda campaign which used the printed word and a host of graphic and material images to broadcast...

English, Scottish, and Anglo-Irish Family Names

English, Scottish, and Anglo-Irish Family Names   Reference library

Peter McClure and Patrick Hanks

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
13,029 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and wilkins . Names with final ‑son , such as dixon , jackson , and williamson , are especially characteristic of northern of England and Lowland Scotland. Here we also find a small number of patronymics based on a common occupational term or occupational surname, such as clarkson , cookson , and smithson . English and Scottish family names ending in ‑ son are mostly quite late in formation (from the late 14th century well into the 15th century in England, often even later in Scotland) and were borne almost exclusively by the lower class of minor free...

Playford

Playford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
SuffolkVillage 5 m. NE of Ipswich, off the A12. The red‐brick Tudor Hall surrounded by its moat was the home of Thomas Clarkson (1760–1846), the abolitionist. He was visited ...
Zong

Zong  

British slave ship carrying 132 African slaves thrown overboard for insurance money that generated support for the early abolition movement. The Zong sailed from the island of St Thomas off ...
Mungo

Mungo  

Black character in the comic opera The Padlock, written by Isaac Bickerstaff (1733–1808?), with music by Charles Dibdin (1745–1814). The Padlock, first performed in 1768, was not an opera in the ...
anti-Slavery Society

anti-Slavery Society  

Initially dominated by Quakers and Unitarians, were active in Ireland from the 1780s. The issue was given political prominence by its association with O'Connell, who took a leading part in ...
antislavery

antislavery  

Slavery was regarded in later 18th‐cent. Britain as essential to the exploitation of the West Indian colonies and there was strong opposition to any interference with the institution, particularly ...
Charles Middleton

Charles Middleton  

(1726–1813).First Baron Barham, British naval administrator, and politician active in the campaign to abolish slavery. Middleton entered the Royal Navy in 1741, passing his lieutenant's examination ...
monitorial system

monitorial system  

The term used to encompass the separate systems of popular education introduced into Britain independently by Dr Andrew Bell (1753–1832) and Joseph Lancaster (1778–1838), whereby pupils or monitors ...

View: