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Theophilus Lewis

Subject: Literature

(1891–1974), drama critic for the Messenger during the Harlem Renaissance. Theophilus Lewis was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1891, attended public schools, and moved to New ...

Lewis, Theophilus

Lewis, Theophilus (1891–1974)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
729 words

...Lewis, Theophilus ( 1891–1974 ), drama critic for the Messenger during the Harlem Renaissance . Theophilus Lewis was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1891 , attended public schools, and moved to New York City. He became a manual laborer and later a postal worker, a position that he retained until his retirement. It provided his livelihood during the Harlem Renaissance when he wrote the theater reviews in the Messenger , since he received no remuneration for his writing. Lewis's theater columns, which appeared from 1923 to 1927 , chronicled primarily...

Theophilus Lewis

Theophilus Lewis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1891–1974), drama critic for the Messenger during the Harlem Renaissance.Theophilus Lewis was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1891, attended public schools, and moved to New York City. He became a ...
Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Richard Colt Hoare and Richard Fenton ( 1747–1821 ) travelled extensively in Wales. Hoare encouraged his friend to collect and publish, and in 1811 Fenton's A Historical Tour through Pembrokeshire appeared. This followed the publication of other county histories, with Theophilus Jones ( 1759–1812 ) responsible for the comprehensive History of the County of Brecknock (2 vols, 1805 , 1809 ), and Samuel Rush Meyrick ( 1783–1848 ) for the History and Antiquities of the County of Cardigan ( 1809–10 ). An edition of Fenton's manuscripts was...

Institutiones of Justinian

Institutiones of Justinian   Reference library

John N. Dillon

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the Digest and Justinian ’s Code form part of the Corpus Iuris Civilis , the codification of Roman law accomplished by Justinian. To complement the codification of imperial constitutions and Roman jurisprudence, Justinian instructed Tribonian , with the help of Theophilus and Dorotheus (professors of law in Constantinople and Beirut respectively), to compose an elementary textbook on the model of the Institutes of the classical jurist Gaius. The Institutiones were intended to bring the instruction in Roman law into line with the...

Scholes, Theophilus Edward Samuel

Scholes, Theophilus Edward Samuel (1856–c. 1937)   Reference library

Patrick E. Bryan

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,154 words

... “Address to Rev. Dr. Theophilus Scholes, Stewart Town, 10 August 1885.” Daily Gleaner , 21 August 1885. Bruce, John . “Dr. Theophilus E. S. Scholes, M.D.” Voice of the Negro 4, no. 7 (March 1907): 114–115. Bryan, Patrick . “Black Perspectives in Late Nineteenth Century Jamaica: The Case of Dr. Theophilus Scholes.” In Garvey: His Work and Impact , edited by Rupert Lewis and Patrick Bryan , pp. 47–63. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World, 1991. Francis, Wigmoor . “African Reclamationism and the Political Thought of Theophilus Scholes: An Interpretive...

Locke, Alain Leroy

Locke, Alain Leroy   Reference library

Peter Fraser

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
517 words

...knowledge ensured the wider acceptance of these ideas, which had become current with the effect of the Garvey movement. Unlike the narrow world‐view he had noted among African‐Americans, his own range of cultural and intellectual contacts was impressive: in England he had met Theophilus Scholes before the First World War; in the 1930s he encouraged Eric Williams to go to Howard to teach, and published his first book, The Negro in the Caribbean ( 1942 ), in his Bronze Booklets series. He delivered lectures on the arts in Haiti. He also encouraged a...

Shenoute

Shenoute (370–465ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...and letters to other correspondents. As identified by Emmel ( 1993 ), they were transmitted in two major collections, the Canons (mainly on monastic life) and the Discourses (on various homiletic and pastoral themes). Shenoute's theology followed the position of Theophilus of Alexandria ( 385–412 ce ) after the archbishop's anti-Origenist about-face in 399 ce . Shenoute's works mirror his greatest interests: theological–exegetical and homiletic–pastoral. Shenoute's Life was composed by his successor Besa, and it survives in several...

Messenger, The

Messenger, The   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
987 words

... has called theirs a “strange partnership,” with Randolph “earnest, plodding, and absolutely unswerving” and Owen “brilliant, witty, versatile” (p. 216). Several others would eventually be part of The Messenger 's inner circle: W. A. Domingo , George Samuel Schuyler , Theophilus Lewis , William Colson , Joel Augustus Rogers , and for a time Wallace Thurman. From the beginning The Messenger offered a mixture of political commentary, union news, and literary materials. Avowedly socialist, its masthead announced: “The Only Magazine of Scientific...

Mills, Florence

Mills, Florence (25 January 1896)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,326 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from the show was “I’m a Little Blackbird Looking for a Bluebird,” which became her signature tune and gave her yet another nickname, “The Little Blackbird.” Like all of the other revues before it, Dixie to Broadway contained stereotypical and racist material. The critic Theophilus Lewis wrote that the show was demeaning. Yet even he could not seem to criticize Mills. “When she sings her song ‘I’m a Little Blackbird’ she lets herself out, and—My God! Man, I’ve never seen anything like it! Not only that, I never imagined such a tempestuous blend of passion...

Missionary societies

Missionary societies   Reference library

David Killingray

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,818 words

...Hughes's Colwyn Bay Institute, established in 1887 . By the time it closed in 1911 over 80 black students, many from Africa, had been trained at what was then known as the African Training Institute in North Wales. Black missionaries such as Thomas Johnson and Dr Theophilus Scholes , and African clergy, visited the Institute and commended its work. Many black missionaries and assistants serving in Africa came to Britain to assist with translation work, to attend conferences, and on deputation work to help promote the work of mission. Diligent...

Institutional Writings

Institutional Writings   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
1,646 words

.... One of the main purposes of Justinian's great codification of Roman law was to provide adequate contemporary texts for the instruction of students of law. Toward the conclusion of the task in 533 three of the compilers, Tribonian and the law professors Dorotheus and Theophilus, were instructed to edit the text of Gaius's Institutes , which would serve as preface to the whole. A new introduction was provided to the edited text of Gaius's work, known to later generations as Justinian's Institutes , in which Justinian himself commends it to those...

Gilding

Gilding   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,886 words

...del Cossa's St Vincent Ferrer , N. G. Tech. Bull. , v (1981), pp. 44–57 F. Ames-Lewis : Matteo de’ Pasti and the Use of Powdered Gold , Mitt. Ksthist. Inst. Florenz , xxviii (1984), pp. 351–62 3. Fire gilding [Mercury, amalgam or parcel gilding]. This method of gilding made use of the property of mercury readily to form an amalgam with gold and was usually applied to copper or silver. The technique as practised in the medieval period was described in detail by Theophilus in De diversis artibus , and many 19th-century workshop manuals contain detailed...

Schuyler, George Samuel

Schuyler, George Samuel (b. 25 February 1895)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,678 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Prints Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations Along with various other pieces he contributed the monthly column “Shafts and Darts: A Page of Calumny and Satire,” cowritten with the critic Theophilus Lewis, and quickly developed the signature satirical style evident in the greater part of his journalistic work. In “Shafts and Darts” Schuyler presented himself as an iconoclastic agent provocateur who, employing a scathing tone, was willing to attack each and every person and...

Welsh cultural revival

Welsh cultural revival   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
1,740 words

...of revival was the gradual recovery of a Welsh historicism [ see *history, 38] . The first stage of the revival, around 1700 , was the discovery that the Welsh were descended from the ancient Celts, thus having their own distinctive prehistory and heroes such as the druids. Theophilus Evans ( 1693–1767 ) wrote a popular history of the Welsh (in Welsh) in 1716 , a book frequently reprinted, and during the course of the century scholars put into print some of the manuscript materials of Welsh history. Several large-scale histories of Wales and several...

Padmore, George

Padmore, George (1900)   Reference library

marika sherwood

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,736 words

...Isaac Theophilus Akuna ; and Williams, Henry Sylvester . ] bibliography Adi, Hakim and Marika Sherwood . The 1945 Pan-African Congress Revisited . London: New Beacon Books, 1995. This includes Padmore’s account of the Congress, Colonial and Coloured Unity: A History of the Pan-African Congress: A Programme of Action . London: Hammersmith Bookshop, 1947. Adi, Hakim and Marika Sherwood . Pan-African History: Political Figures from Africa and the Diaspora Since 1787 . London: Routledge, 2003. Baptiste, Fitzroy and Rupert Lewis , eds. George...

Grisaille

Grisaille   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,738 words
Illustration(s):
1

...courtoise dans le vitrail lyonnais de XVe siècle’, Rev. Louvre , xlviii/1 (Feb 1998), pp. 35–45 M. P. Lillich : The Queen of Sicily and Gothic Stained Glass in Mussy and Tonnerre (Philadelphia, 1998) D. Royce-Roll : ‘Twelfth-century Stained Glass Technology According to Theophilus and Eraclius’, AVISTA Forum , x–xi/1–2 (Fall 1997–Spring 1998), pp. 13–23 P. Z. Blum : ‘Thirteenth-Century Glass of the Salisbury Chapter House’, Gesta , xxxvii/2 (1998), pp. 142–9 N. Reynaud : ‘Les Heures du chancelier Guillaume Jouvenel des Ursins et la peinture parisienne...

Gothic Literature

Gothic Literature   Reference library

Alison Milbank

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
6,537 words

...the narratives can only tend to excite ideas the worst calculated for a female breast: every thing is called plainly and roundly by its name; and the annals of a brothel would scarcely furnish a greater choice of indecent expressions. ( Lewis, 1998 , pp. 222–223) This attitude to scripture caused a public outcry and caused Lewis to make substantial changes in the fourth edition of the novel. Comparing the Bible to the history of a brothel was bound to offend those with a high account of biblical inspiration as well as general religious sensibilities. Elvira’s...

Translation of Greek and Persian Texts into Arabic

Translation of Greek and Persian Texts into Arabic   Reference library

Parviz Morewedge

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
4,109 words

...all of it into Arabic. Isḥāq translated the Topica ( Topics ) into Syriac, and Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī it translated into Arabic. Abū Bishr rendered the Sophistica ( Sophistical Refutations ) into Syriac and Ibn Nāʿimah (830) translated it into Arabic. Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī translated the Theophilus version into Arabic. Isḥāq translated the Rhetorica ( Rhetoric ) into Arabic, as did Ibrahim ibn ʿAbdullah. Aristotle’s Poetica ( Poetics ) was translated into Arabic by Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī. Philosophical works. Of Plato’s works, a translation of the Laws is attributed to...

As

As   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of the phrase. It has also been suggested that the original ‘mad hatter’ was Robert Crab , a 17th-century eccentric living at Chesham, who gave all his goods to the poor and lived on dock leaves and grass. Carroll himself is said to have based his character of the name on one Theophilus Carter, a furniture dealer, who was known locally as ‘the Mad Hatter’, partly because he wore a top hat and partly because of his eccentric notions. An example of the latter was his invention of an ‘alarm clock bed’ that woke the sleeper by tipping him onto the floor. (Hence...

Gilding

Gilding   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
8,871 words
Illustration(s):
1

...gilding [Mercury, amalgam or parcel gilding] (i) Technique. This method of gilding made use of the property of mercury readily to form an amalgam with gold and was usually applied to copper or silver. The technique as practised in the medieval period was described in detail by Theophilus ( fl first half of the 12th century) in De diversis artibus , and many 19th-century workshop manuals (e.g. those by Spon and Thorpe) contain detailed accounts of this process. There were two basic methods: applying either gold leaf or a gold–mercury amalgam to a surface that...

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