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Theodore of Mopsuestia

Subject: Religion

(c.350–428), Antiochene exegete and theologian. From 392 he was Bp. of Mopsuestia (in southern Turkey). In his biblical commentaries he used critical, philological, and ...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia (c.350–428)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
77 words

... of Mopsuestia ( c. 350–428 ). Christian theologian and biblical commentator. He became bishop of Mopsuestia (in Cilicia, modern SE Turkey) in 392 and remained there the rest of his life. On account of his Christology, identified with Nestorianism , he was condemned at the Council of Constantinople in 553 ; as a consequence his works have mostly been lost in Greek. On the basis of Syriac versions, modern W. scholars have usually allowed that Theodore's thought is not...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
353 words

...2 , nos. 3827–73. R.A. Norris , Manhood and Christ: A Study in the Christology of Theodore of Mopsuestia (Oxford 1963). R. Devreesse , Essai sur Théodore de Mopsueste (Vatican 1948). J.M. Dewart , The Theology of Grace of Theodore of Mopsuestia (Washington, D.C., 1971). R.K. Bultmann , Die Exegese des Theodor von Mopsuestia (Stuttgart 1984). M. Simonetti , Note sull'esegesi veterotestamentaria di Teodoro di Mopsuestia , VetChr 14 (1977) 69–102. Barry...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia (c.350–428)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
90 words

... of Mopsuestia ( c. 350–428 ), Antiochene exegete and theologian. From 392 he was Bp. of Mopsuestia (in southern Turkey). In his biblical commentaries he used critical, philological, and historical methods, rejecting the Alexandrian use of allegorical interpretation. His teaching on the Incarnation was condemned at the Councils of Ephesus ( 431 ) and Constantinople (553) , but the recovery of some of his works preserved in Syriac has shown that he has sometimes been unjustly judged; his Christological terminology is imprecise. See also Three...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia (350–428)   Reference library

John Behr

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... of Mopsuestia ( c . 350–428 ) Exegete , theologian , bishop . Born in Antioch , where he studied with Libanius , Theodore joined the ascetic community there, headed by Diodore (later Bishop of Tarsus ), with John Chrysostom . He became a priest in 383 and Bishop of Mopsuestia in 392 . Theodore wrote voluminously, with commentaries on most books of scripture and also theological treatises on various topics, including his Catechetical Orations , fifteen books On the Incarnation , and Against the Defenders of Original Sin , probably...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia (350–428)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
689 words

...Theodore of Mopsuestia ( c. 350–428 ) , Antiochene theologian and biblical exegete. He studied rhetoric at Antioch under Libanius; but in 369 , with his friend St John Chrysostom , he entered the school of Diodore in a monastery at Antioch, where he remained for nearly ten years. In 392 he became Bp. of Mopsuestia. The rest of his life he spent in his see, gaining a wide reputation for learning and orthodoxy. In his biblical commentaries he used scientific, critical, philological, and historical methods, following Diodore in rejecting the...

Theodore of Mopsuestia

Theodore of Mopsuestia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.350–428), Antiochene exegete and theologian. From 392 he was Bp. of Mopsuestia (in southern Turkey). In his biblical commentaries he used critical, philological, and historical methods, rejecting ...
Antiochene School

Antiochene School  

A conventional designation for a group of theologians (Diodoros of Tarsos, Theodore of Mopsuestia, John Chrysostom, Theodoret of Cyrrhus) active mainly in Syria in the 4th and 5th C. Unlike ...
Polychronius

Polychronius  

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Religion
(d. c.430),Bp. of Apamaea in Syria. He was the brother of Theodore, Bp. of Mopsuestia. A biblical exegete of the Antiochene school, he wrote commentaries on Job, Daniel, and ...
Three Chapters

Three Chapters  

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Religion
The three subjects condemned by the Emp. Justinian in an edict of 543–4, namely (1) the person and works of Theodore of Mopsuestia; (2) the writings of Theodoret against Cyril of Alexandria; and (3) ...
St Proclus

St Proclus  

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Religion
(d. 446/7), Patr. of Constantinople from 434. He won sympathy by his moderation in the cause of orthodoxy, and his popularity was enhanced by the solemn translation of the body of St Chrysostom ...
Facundus

Facundus  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(6th cent.), Bp. of Hermiane in Africa. In the Monophysite controversy he was one of the chief supporters of the Three Chapters. He went to Constantinople and there in 547–8 he completed a treatise ...
Rabbula

Rabbula  

(d. 435), Bp. of Edessa from 412. A leading figure in the Syrian Church, he opposed Nestorianism and in particular attacked the writings of Theodore of Mopsuestia. It was once thought that he was ...
John Scholastikos

John Scholastikos  

Neo-Chalcedonian theologian, bishop of Skythopolis (ca.536–50).John tried to reconcile the statements of the Council of Chalcedon with the teaching of Cyril of Alexandria but was attacked by a ...
Victor

Victor  

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Religion
(5th cent.),presbyter of Antioch. His name is attached to what has been described as a Gk. commentary on Mk., but is really a compilation from earlier exegetical writings (Origen ...
Kosmas Indikopleustes

Kosmas Indikopleustes  

Alexandrian merchant and (perhaps) later a monk, who traded in Ethiopia and the Red Sea, possibly also in India and Taprobana (Ceylon); fl. first half of 6th C.These travels ...
Proklos

Proklos  

(Πρόκλος), bishop of Constantinople (from 434 or 437) and saint; died 12 July 446 or 447; feastday 20 Nov.In 425 he failed to secure election to the see of ...
Vigilius

Vigilius  

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Religion
(d. 555), Pope from 537. In the Three Chapters Controversy he at first refused his assent to Justinian's condemnation of the writings of Theodore of Mopsuestia, Theodoret, and Ibas of Edessa. After ...
Barsumas

Barsumas  

(d. before 496), Bp. of Nisibis in the Church of the East. He became a keen propagandist for the theology of Theodore of Mopsuestia. He was instrumental in founding an influential theological school ...
Second Council of Constantinople

Second Council of Constantinople  

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Subject:
Religion
The Fifth Oecumenical Council, convoked by the Emp. Justinian to settle the controversy over the Three Chapters (q.v.). The Council, attended mainly by E. bishops, condemned the Three Chapters and ...
Julian

Julian  

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Subject:
Religion
(c. 386–454),Pelagian theologian, briefly Bp. of Eclanum, in Apulia. Born in Apulia of Christian parents, he married before he was ordained. In 416 he became Bp. of Eclanum. On ...

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