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Theobald Von Bethmann Hollweg

(b. Hohenfinow, 29 Nov. 1856; d. Hohenfinow, 1 Jan. 1921) German; German Chancellor 1909–17 Bethmann Hollweg was the son of a German landed estate owner whose family had produced ...

Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von

Bethmann-Hollweg, Theobald von (1856–1921)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
137 words

...-Hollweg, Theobald von (nr. Eberswalde, 1856–1921 , nr. Eberswalde), Chancellor of the German Empire from 1909 to 1917 . After a civil service career, Bethmann-Hollweg became Prussian Minister of the Interior in 1905 and deputy chancellor in 1907 . He succeeded Bülow on the latter's recommendation. Though he genuinely desired a relaxation of tension and a rapprochement with Great Britain, his intentions were sterilized by the consequences of Bülow's policy. In the events leading to the outbreak of war in 1914 Bethmann-Hollweg was a virtually...

Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald von

Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald von (29 Nov. 1856)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
203 words

...Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald von (b. Hohenfinow , 29 Nov. 1856 ; d. Hohenfinow , 2 Jan. 1921 ) Chancellor of Germany and Minister President of Prussia 1909–17 From 1899 the chief commissioner ( Oberpräsident ) of the Prussian province of Brandenburg, he became Prussian Minister of the Interior ( 1905 ) and German Secretary of State for Home Affairs ( 1907 ). Bethman Hollweg tried to avoid the failure of his predecessor, von Bülow , to build a parliamentary majority for his government. As Chancellor, therefore, he tried to seek the consent of...

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg (1856–1921)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
106 words

...0Hollweg0Theobald0von Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 1856 – 1921 German statesman , Chancellor 1909–17 Just for a word ‘neutrality’—a word which in wartime has so often been disregarded—just for a scrap of paper, Great Britain is going to make war on a kindred nation who desires nothing better than to be friends with her. summary of a report by Sir Edward Goschen to Sir Edward grey British Documents on Origins of the War 1898–1914 (1926) vol. 11; The Diary of Edward Goschen 1900–1914 (1980) Appendix B discusses the contentious origins of this...

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg (1856–1921)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
88 words

...Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 1856 – 1921 German statesman , Chancellor 1909–17 Just for a word ‘neutrality’—a word which in wartime has so often been disregarded—just for a scrap of paper, Great Britain is going to make war on a kindred nation who desires nothing better than to be friends with her. summary of a report by Sir Edward Goschen to Sir Edward Grey in British Documents on Origins of the War 1898–1914 (1926) Just for a word ‘ neutrality ’ scrap of paper scrap of ...

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg (1856–1921)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
85 words

...Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 1856 – 1921 German statesman , Chancellor 1909–17 Just for a word ‘neutrality’—a word which in wartime has so often been disregarded—just for a scrap of paper, Great Britain is going to make war on a kindred nation who desires nothing better than to be friends with her. summary of a report by E. Goschen to Edward Grey in British Documents on Origins of the War 1898–1914 (1926) vol. 11 Just for a word ‘ neutrality ’ scrap of ...

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg (1856–1921)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
106 words

...Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 1856 – 1921 German statesman , Chancellor 1909–17 Just for a word ‘neutrality’—a word which in wartime has so often been disregarded—just for a scrap of paper, Great Britain is going to make war on a kindred nation who desires nothing better than to be friends with her. summary of a report by Sir Edward Goschen to Sir Edward Grey British Documents on Origins of the War 1898–1914 (1926) vol. 11; The Diary of Edward Goschen 1900–1914 (1980) Appendix B discusses the contentious origins of this...

Von Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald

Von Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald (29 Nov. 1856)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
299 words

... Bethmann Hollweg, Theobald (b. Hohenfinow , 29 Nov. 1856 ; d. Hohenfinow , 1 Jan. 1921 ) German ; German Chancellor 1909–17 Bethmann Hollweg was the son of a German landed estate owner whose family had produced a number of gifted lawyers, and a French Swiss officer's daughter. Having studied law he decided to join the civil service where his abilities were soon recognized. In 1905 he was appointed Prussian Minister of the Interior. He was known as a Conservative who encouraged the integration of the Social Democrats. On his resignation in 1909 ,...

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 29 Nov. 1856, d. 2 Jan. 1921).Chancellor of Germany and Minister President of Prussia 1909–17 From 1899 the chief commissioner (Oberpräsident) of the Prussian province of Brandenburg, he became ...
Theobald Von Bethmann Hollweg

Theobald Von Bethmann Hollweg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Hohenfinow, 29 Nov. 1856; d. Hohenfinow, 1 Jan. 1921)German; German Chancellor 1909–17 Bethmann Hollweg was the son of a German landed estate owner whose family had produced a number of gifted ...
a scrap of paper

a scrap of paper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A document containing a treaty or pledge which one does not intend to honour. The phrase (a translation of German ein Fetzen Papier) is attributed to the German Chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann ...
Zabern Affair

Zabern Affair  

(1913)A German political crisis sparked by unrest in the Alsatian garrison town of Saverne (Zabern). It was caused when, more than four decades after Alsace's occupation by the Germans, a German army ...
Der Kopf

Der Kopf  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A satirical novel by H. Mann, published in 1925. It is concerned with the ruling powers of Wilhelmine Germany, covers the period 1891–1914, and forms the third part of the ...
Karl Bröger

Karl Bröger  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Nuremberg, 1886–1944, Nuremberg),began as a worker, was from 1913 to 1933 editor of the social-democratic daily Fränkische Tagespost, taught literature at an adult education centre ...
Bernhard von Bülow

Bernhard von Bülow  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1849–1920)German statesman. He served in the Franco–Prussian War and the German Foreign Service before becoming German Foreign Minister (1897–1900) and then Chancellor (1900–09) under William II. In ...
Wilhelm II

Wilhelm II  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 27 Jan. 1859, d. 4 June 1941).German Emperor (Kaiser) 1888–1918 Upon his accession to the throne the young, self‐confident monarch soon clashed with his Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck (b. 1815, d. ...
Gustav Stresemann

Gustav Stresemann  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. Berlin, 10 May 1878; d. Berlin, 3 Oct. 1929)German; Chancellor 1923, Foreign Minister 1923–9 Stresemann was the youngest member elected to the Reichstag in 1908 but, although seen as a rising ...
Germany

Germany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Politically powerful in Europe, Germany also has a large and successful economy, though it is becoming less competitiveGermany has three main geographical regions. From the North Sea and Baltic ...
Hindenburg, Paul Von

Hindenburg, Paul Von (1847–1934)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Paul Von ( 1847–1934 ), German field marshal and president. Member of an aristocratic Prussian family, Hindenburg saw action as a junior officer in 1866 and 1870–71 and retired in 1922 as a corps commander. After the victory at Tannenberg in August 1914 , Hindenburg became a national symbol. The mystique of the “wooden titan” increased during 1915 and 1916 , less for his own achievements than through the continued discrediting of rival symbols: Chief of Staff Erich von Falkenhayn , Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg , and not least ...

Hindenburg, Paul Ludvig von Beneckendorf und

Hindenburg, Paul Ludvig von Beneckendorf und (1847–1934)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
346 words

...as the Hindenburg line – in France, and introduced unrestricted submarine warfare at sea – a move that eventually led to US involvement on the Allied side. The duo were by now a powerful political as well as military force, contriving the replacement of Chancellor Theobald Bethmann Hollweg ( 1856–1921 ) by the more compliant Georg Michaelis ( 1857–1936 ). However, following Germany's defeat in 1918 , Hindenburg largely retired from public life until 1925 , when he succeeded Friedrich Ebert ( 1871–1925 ) as president of the Weimar Republic. He used his...

Belgium

Belgium   Reference library

Bernard A. Cook

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,971 words
Illustration(s):
1

...fate again twice in the twentieth century. In the hope for a rapid defeat of France, the German Schlieffen Plan needed Belgian territory for its movement of encirclement. When the Belgian government rejected Germany's demands for free passage, the German chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg contemptuously dismissed the 1839 guarantee of Belgian neutrality as a “scrap of paper.” The Germans invaded Belgium on 4 August 1914 and gave Great Britain an excuse for entering the war on the side of France. The resistance of the Belgians in the forts around...

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