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Théodore de Banville

Subject: Literature

(1823–91), French poet and playwright associated with the Parnassian movement. His vast poetic œuvre depicts nymphs, satyrs, and fairies walking side by side with members of the ...

Banville, Théodore de

Banville, Théodore de (1823–91)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
94 words

..., Théodore de ( 1823–91 ), French poet and playwright associated with the Parnassian movement. His vast poetic œuvre depicts nymphs, satyrs, and fairies walking side by side with members of the literary, artistic, and social circles of 19th-century France. In the 50 Contes féeriques ( Fairy-like Tales , 1882 ), he critiques the bourgeois values of contemporary society, but at the same time creates fantasy situations in which good fairies reward struggling young artists and poets. Banville also adapted Perrault 's ‘Riquet à la houpe’ (‘ *...

Banville, Théodore de

Banville, Théodore de (1823–91)   Reference library

Amy Ransom

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
100 words

..., Théodore de ( 1823–91 ) French poet and playwright associated with the Parnassian movement . His vast poetic œuvre depicts nymphs, satyrs, and fairies walking side by side with members of the literary, artistic, and social circles of 19th-century France. In the 50 Contes féeriques ( Fairy-like Tales , 1882 ), he critiques the bourgeois values of contemporary society, but at the same time creates fantasy situations in which good fairies reward struggling young artists and poets. Banville also adapted Perrault ’s ‘Riquet à la houpe’ (...

Banville, Théodore de

Banville, Théodore de (1823–91)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
204 words

..., Théodore de ( 1823–91 ). French poet and man of letters. He was at the centre of art for art's sake [ see Art Pour L'Art ] and Parnassian developments in poetry and was highly esteemed both by contemporaries and later generations of poets, including Mallarmé and Rimbaud . He was precociously gifted and soon discovered his distinctive poetic domain. His first collection, Les Cariatides ( 1842 ), already displayed his Hellenic inspiration, which was further evident in Les Stalactites ( 1846 ), although his rich deployment of Ronsardian ...

Théodore Faullain de Banville

Théodore Faullain de Banville (1823–91)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
94 words

...0Theaodore0Faullain0de Théodore Faullain de Banville 1823 – 91 French poet Jeune homme sans mélancolie, Blond comme un soleil d'Italie, Garde bien ta belle folie. Young man untroubled by melancholy, fair as an Italian sun, take good care of your fine carelessness. ‘A Adolphe Gaiffe’ (1856) blond comme un soleil soleil d'Italie soleil d' Italie belle folie belle folie untroubled by melancholy fair as an Italian sun fair as an Italian sun licences poétiques . Il n'y en a pas. poetic licence . There's no such thing. Petit traité de poésie...

Théodore de Banville

Théodore de Banville  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1823–91), French poet and playwright associated with the Parnassian movement.His vast poetic œuvre depicts nymphs, satyrs, and fairies walking side by side with members of the literary, artistic, ...
Laurent Tailhade

Laurent Tailhade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1854–1919).After Parnassian beginnings in Le Jardin des rêves (1880), for which Banville wrote the preface, Tailhade found his voice in the French tradition of satirical poetry to which he ...
Catulle Mendès

Catulle Mendès  

(1841–1909).Versatile, prolific, and superficial, Mendès is now more remembered for his critical writing than for his poetry, novels, and plays. With the support of Gautier (whose daughter, Julie, he ...
Les Fleurs du mal

Les Fleurs du mal  

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Overview Page
The title Les Fleurs du mal (replacing the original Les Lesbiennes) was first used by Charles Baudelaire (1821–67) when he published eighteen poems in the 1 June 1855 issue of ...
Parnassians

Parnassians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A group of French poets, headed by Leconte de Lisle, who sought restraint, precision, and objectivity in poetry, in reaction to the emotional extravagances of Romanticism. Their name derives from the ...
villanelle

villanelle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A poem, usually of a pastoral or lyrical nature, consisting normally of five three‐lined stanzas and a final quatrain, with only two rhymes throughout. The first and third lines of the first stanza ...
ballade

ballade  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Strictly a poem consisting of one or more triplets of seven‐ or (afterwards) eight‐lined stanzas, each ending with the same line as refrain, and usually an envoy addressed to a prince or his ...
Claude Debussy

Claude Debussy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(1862–1918)French composer and pianist, regarded as the originator of impressionism in music.The son of a shopkeeper, Debussy was first encouraged in his love of music in 1871 by Mme Mauté de ...
Symbolists

Symbolists   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...19th century, revolted against Naturalism and the poets of the parnassian school . Their aim was to suggest rather than to depict or transcribe, and their watchword was Paul Verlaine ’s Pas de couleur, rien que la nuance (‘No colour, nothing but light and shade’). Their precursors were Charles Baudelaire , Théodore Banville , Gérard de Nerval and Villiers de l’Isle-Adam . The chief Symbolists in verse were Verlaine , Arthur Rimbaud and Stéphane Mallarmé , and in prose, Joris-Karl Huysmans...

Parnassianism

Parnassianism   Reference library

A. L. Sells

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...initiated by Catulle Mendès ( 1841–1909 ) and L.-X. de Ricard ( 1843–1911 ) in the early 1860s, when the Parnassians first met in Lemerre’s bookshop and in the salon of the Marquise de Ricard; later they gathered in the salon of Mme. Leconte de Lisle, whose formidable husband was regarded as a kind of oracle. Of the 50 or more poets called Parnassians only a few can be mentioned here. Among the more independent, Albert Glatigny ( 1839–73 ) was a wit and virtuoso who took his cue from Théodore de Banville ( 1823–1891 ). F.R.A. Sully -Prudhomme ( 1839–1907 )...

Pantun

Pantun   Reference library

T.V.F. Brogan, A. Preminger, B. Raffel, and A. L. French

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...the pantun most. In the notes to his 1829 Les Orientales , Victor Hugo included orientalist Ernest Fouinet ’s Fr. trans. of a pantun from William Marsden ’s 1812 Grammar of the Malayan Language ; the form of this poem influenced the pantuns of Théodore de Banville and Charles-Marie Leconte de Lisle as well as Charles Baudelaire ’s pantun “Harmonie du Soir” (rhymed abba ). The pattern that Westerners associate with the pantun is highly atypical of the Malay-lang. verse form ( see malay poetry ). The Malay-lang. pantun can have six to twelve...

Livry, Emma

Livry, Emma (24 December 1842)   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
641 words

...the slenderness of extreme youth, arms that float like shawls, and a very innocent and sweet face.” The poet Théodore de Banville was so moved by her performance that he wrote a poem about her. Hearing of Livry's success in her own most famous role, Marie Taglioni came to Paris expressly to see her. Enchanted by the young woman's artistry, she wrote, “I should dance as she does.” Taglioni accepted a position at the Opera as a teacher of the classe de perfectionnement so that she could supervise Livry's progress. Livry thus became her protégée. In 1859 ...

Octosyllable

Octosyllable   Reference library

T.V.F. Brogan and C. Scott

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,201 words

...and no caesura . This ambiguity derives from the fact that it is caught uneasily between the three-accent norm of the decasyllable and the two-accent norm of the hexasyllable, thus frequently inviting both a two-accent and a three-accent reading, e.g., Théodore de Banville: “Quand je baise, pâle de fièvre” (3 + 5 syllables or 3 + 2 + 3). Whereas the alexandrine is the line of sustained discourse, usually enjoying a certain syntactic completeness, the octosyllable parcels syntax into a series of fragmentary tableaux or near-autonomous images that can...

France

France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,542 words

...used her Nouveaux Contes de fées to test the market before embarking on her phenomenally successful career as a writer of children's literature. However, never again did she return to the fairy tale. Sand's and Ségur's examples notwithstanding, fairy tales constituted a relatively small portion of the overall output of children's literature by 19th-century French writers. Far more numerous were the fairy tales that were written for adults during the second half of the century by writers such as Paul Arène , Théodore de Banville , Anatole France , Jules ...

France, fairy tales in

France, fairy tales in ((17th century to present))   Reference library

Lewis C. Seifert

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,711 words

...used her Nouveaux Contes de fées to test the market before embarking on her phenomenally successful career as a writer of children’s literature. However, never again did she return to the fairy tale. Sand’s and Ségur’s examples notwithstanding, fairy tales constituted a relatively small portion of the overall output of children’s literature by 19th-century French writers. Far more numerous were the fairy tales that were written for adults during the second half of the century by writers such as Paul Arène , Théodore de Banville , Anatole France , Jules...

London

London   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature, Society and culture
Length:
76,697 words

...major work The Marriage of Heaven and Hell . Shelley and his friend Hogg found lodgings at no. 11 in March 1811 after their expulsion from Oxford . Shelley tried inexpertly to appease his father but the break between them proved final. Victor Maskell , the narrator of John Banville's novel The Untouchable ( 1997 ), and his friends keep up a bohemian lifestyle at a flat on Poland St. The pubs on Rathbone Pl. —the Black Horse, the Marquess of Granby, the Burglar's Rest, and the Duke of York—were all frequented by Julian Maclaren‐Ross , but his regular...

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