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Théâtre National Populaire

A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in ...

Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
131 words

... National Populaire A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937 , but in 1951 Jean Vilar revived it and set up a permanent theatre company. Again it was intended for workers, and presented a repertoire of French and other classics with a few contemporary plays. The TNP became known for the quality of its acting, its experimental staging and its simple, intimate performances. With the decentralization of theatre in...

Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
351 words

... National Populaire Theatre company founded by *Gémier in 1920 in Paris to fulfil his dream for a popular state-subsidized theatre. He received only limited support from the French government, but a modern performance space in the Palais du Chaillot, opened in 1937 , extended the possibilities, though they were not fully exploited until *Vilar became director in 1951 . Vilar transformed the Chaillot into the focal point of a vision to popularize and decentralize the arts in France, which he thought enslaved to class hierarchy and elitism. He...

Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire   Reference library

C. Henrik Borgstrom

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
664 words

... National Populaire Theatre company founded by Firmin Gémier in 1920 at the old Trocadéro Theatre in Paris , across the Seine from the Eiffel Tower. This was to fulfil his dream for a popular state-subsidized theatre, a vision he shared with other theatre practitioners of the early twentieth century, in particular Romain Rolland ( see finance ). He received only limited support from the French government, and the nineteenth-century proscenium stage and compartmentalized house of the Trocadéro did not lend themselves easily to Gémier's idea of a...

Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
528 words

... National Populaire , Paris. The first TNP was founded by Gémier , who from 1920 to 1933 obtained Government grants to defray the cost of inviting companies to play to worker-audiences at the Palais de Chaillot in the Trocadéro. He also organized provincial tours, pioneering the use of motorized transport for stage equipment. His work came to an end when in 1934 the Trocadéro was reconstructed to house the International Exhibition of 1937 . The second TNP was directed by Vilar , 1951–63 , and was again housed in the Palais de Chaillot, which...

Théâtre National Populaire, Le

Théâtre National Populaire, Le   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
130 words

... National Populaire, Le ( TNP ). State‐subsidized company created in 1920 under the directorship of Firmin Gémier . In the 1930s and 1940s it suffered from under‐funding and lack of a clear artistic policy. In 1951 it was relaunched as the TNP with Jean Vilar as its director [ see Avignon, Festival of ]. Under Vilar in the 1950s it operated in the Palais de Chaillot with spectacular success as a ‘service public’, providing high‐quality, inexpensive, and accessible productions of the classics for popular audiences. It went into decline again after...

Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in 1951 ...
22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...publishing. They were used by the young Albin Michel to launch his first title, Félicien Champsaur’s L’Arriviste ( 1902 ), and by Arthème Fayard (a house founded in 1857 ) for its collections ‘Modern Bibliothèque’ (note the missing ‘e’ in the adjective) and ‘Le Livre populaire’, which had considerable success before 1914 , thanks to a policy of combining large print runs (100,000 or more) and low *royalties . At the other end of the spectrum, French *bibliophilia continued to flourish at the fin de siècle, as the names of *Essling , *Rahir , and...

national theatre

national theatre  

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Overview Page
The oldest national theatre is the Comédie-Française, founded in 1680 by Louis XIV; there are six other French national theatres: the Odéon (1781), the Théâtre National Populaire (1920), and the ...
Josep Maria Flotats

Josep Maria Flotats  

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(1939– )Catalan actor and director. Flotats trained at the Strasbourg theatre school before forging a career in Paris. He worked with Georges Wilson at the Théâtre National Populaire, Jean Mercure ...
Théâtre National de la Colline

Théâtre National de la Colline  

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Overview Page
Paris, seating 800, opened in 1988 as the seventh French national theatre. Located, like the Théâtre National Populaire (see PLANCHON), in a working-class area, it is planned as a venue ...
Palais de Chaillot

Palais de Chaillot  

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Overview Page
Paris, Moresque building on the exhibition site opposite the Eiffel Tower, used by the first Théâtre National Populaire from 1920 to 1934. It was demolished in 1934 to make way ...
promenade performance

promenade performance  

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Performance in which the audience moves between locations, following the action from scene to scene. The earliest examples are in rituals and Western mummers' play traditions, but the technique ...
centres dramatiques

centres dramatiques  

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Theatres throughout France that receive state and municipal funding so that the regions need not rely on touring companies bringing hits from Paris. The decentralization idea was encouraged by Gémier ...
Christian Schiaretti

Christian Schiaretti  

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Overview Page
(1955– )French director. A student of philosophy as well as theatre, Schiaretti was named director of the Comédie de Reims in 1991, the youngest director ever to administer a national ...
Dublin Theatre Festival

Dublin Theatre Festival  

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Overview Page
Created in 1957, this annual Irish event was fraught with controversy in its early years. Protests and arrests surrounded Alan Simpson's production of Tennessee Williams's The Rose Tattoo at the ...
Avignon Festival

Avignon Festival  

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Overview Page
Founded by Jean Vilar in 1947, as part of the decentralizing of French theatre. Vilar, director of the Théâtre National Populaire (1951–63), continued to develop the Festival until his death ...
International Centre for Theatre Research

International Centre for Theatre Research  

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Overview Page
Theatre company, founded in 1970 by Peter Brook and administrator Micheline Rozan. The centre is a multicultural theatre research and production group based since 1974 at the Bouffes du Nord ...
Robert Pinget

Robert Pinget  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. Geneva, Switzerland, 19 July 1919; d. Tours, France, 25 Aug. 1997)Playwright and novelist. Pinget's parents came from Savoy, and he later resumed French nationality. His first book, Between ...
Lucian Pintilie

Lucian Pintilie  

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Overview Page
(1933– )Romanian director. His stage, television, and film productions in Romania were known for their varying styles, from the grotesque to refined lyricism. But his 1972 staging of Gogol's The ...
people's theatre/popular theatre

people's theatre/popular theatre  

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Overview Page
These terms have often been used interchangeably and there has been some confusion over to what manner of theatrical presentation each refers. This varies according to class viewpoint and ideological ...

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