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T. S. Eliot

Subject: Literature

(1888–1965) US-born British poet, critic, and playwright. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1948 and appointed to the OM the same year. Eliot was born in ...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
328 words

...character and the insinuations of language, murmurs, ‘(And I am quite sure that Rosamond Vincy, in Middlemarch , frightens me far more than Goneril or Regan.)’—something of a coup for George Eliot, whatever the circumstances. AE Ackroyd, Peter , T. S. Eliot (1984). Ricks, Christopher , T. S. Eliot and Prejudice (1994). Tamplin, Ronald , A Preface to T. S. Eliot (1988). ...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Reference library

Hugh Haughton

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,588 words

...Julius’ T. S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism and Literary Form in 1995 (Cambridge University Press; new edn., 2003, Thames & Hudson), the charge of anti-semitism in Eliot’s work has been polemically levelled and denied; a balanced overview may be found in the second edition of Louis Menand’s Discovering Modernism (Oxford University Press, 2007). Eliot’s compelling development as a poet continues to attract life-and-works studies: see Denis Donoghue , Words Alone: The Poet T. S. Eliot (Yale University Press, 2000) , Craig Raine , T. S. Eliot (Oxford...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
104 words

..., T. S. ( Thomas Stearns Eliot ) ( 1888–1965 ) British poet , playwright and critic , b. USA . His poem The Waste Land ( 1922 ), with its complex language and bleak view of contemporary life, is one of the keystones of literary modernism . Later poems, notably Ash Wednesday ( 1930 ) and the Four Quartets ( 1935–43 ), held out hope through religious faith. An influential literary critic, Eliot also wrote verse plays, including Murder in the Cathedral ( 1935 ) and The Cocktail Party ( 1950 ). His children's poems, Old Possum's Book of...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
127 words

..., T. S. ( 1888–1965 ) A US-born editor , cultural critic , and poet who spent most of his adult life in England. In his Notes Towards the Definition of Culture ( 1948 ) Eliot included sport and popular games among his list of ‘the characteristic activities and interests of a people’. Of the thirteen items or events in that list, six were sports and two were games: the Derby Day horse race, rowing at the Henley Regatta, sailing at Cowes, the twelfth of August beginning of the grouse-shooting season, a (in most likelihood football) cup final, and dog...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Reference library

Kathryn Van Wert

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Selected Prose of T. S. Eliot , edited by Frank Kermode . New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975. Eliot, T. S. The Waste Land: A Facsimile and Transcript of the Original Drafts Including the Annotations of Ezra Pound, edited and with an introduction by Valerie Eliot. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971. Kathryn Van...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

Victoria Stec

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
424 words

..., T. S. ( Thomas Stearns Eliot ) ( 1888–1965 ) Anglo-American poet, dramatist, and critic. Born in the USA, he studied at the universities of Harvard, the Sorbonne, and Oxford, before settling in London in 1915 , the year he married Vivien Haigh-Wood . His first dramatic work, Sweeney Agonistes: Fragments of an Aristophanic Melodrama ( 1932 ), directed for the Group Theatre by Rupert Doone , was also his most innovative. Its rejection of naturalist dialogue in favour of the theatrical vitality of a drama indebted to the music hall and ...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
711 words

...of culture and society. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and the OM in 1948 . In the 1980s and 1990s the idea of postmodernism was most readily established by criticizing the authoritarianism and conservatism of modernism, and Eliot, as the exemplary modernist poet, suffered. More specifically, Eliot's poetry and prose were criticized for their misogyny and anti‐Semitism. There is a biography by Peter Ackroyd (1984). The T. S. Eliot Poetry Prize is awarded by the Poetry Book Society annually to the best collection of new poetry in English...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
268 words

..., T. S. ( Thomas Stearns ) ( 1888–1965 ) Anglo-American poet , dramatist , and critic . His first dramatic work, Sweeney Agonistes: Fragments of an Aristophanic Melodrama ( 1932 ) was his most innovative, indebted to the *music hall and *minstrel show. In 1934 he provided text for a religious pageant, The Rock , to an outline by E. Martin *Browne , who directed all of Eliot's subsequent dramas. The theatrically effective *chorus in The Rock anticipated Murder in the Cathedral ( 1935 ), a historical verse drama about Thomas Becket first...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

Jewel Spears Brooker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and the Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Religion, Art & Architecture
Length:
3,561 words

...to reading it as literature. Eliot, T. S. Complete Poems and Plays: 1909–1950 . New York: Harcourt, Brace, & World, 1952. Eliot, T. S. Letters to editor: Theology 52 (September 1949): 336–338; Times Literary Supplement 3087 (28 April 1961): 263. Eliot, T. S. “On the Language of the New English Bible.” Sunday Telegraph , 16 December 1962, p. 7. Response to “New Translation of the Bible” by George S. Hendry in the June issue. Focus: evaluation of proposal for a translation in today’s language for today’s people for use in worship and...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,153 words

...specifically, Eliot's poetry and prose were criticized for their misogyny and anti‐Semitism, the latter most notably by Anthony Julius . Eliot was formally separated from his first wife (whose ill health, both physical and mental, had caused him much misery) in 1932–3 ; she died in 1947 . In 1948 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and the OM. He married his second wife, Valerie Fletcher , in 1957 . As Valerie Eliot she edited the drafts of The Waste Land ( 1971 ), and one volume of Eliot's letters ( 1988 ). The T. S. Eliot Poetry Prize ...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
10,591 words

...by a contemporary of Eliot. Useful insights. Menand, Louis . Discovering Modernism: T. S. Eliot and His Context . Oxford and New York, 2003. Up-to-date commentary; provides valuable context. Moody, A. D. , ed. The Cambridge Companion to T. S. Eliot . Cambridge, 1994. Selection of essays by various hands; helpful in providing insights into the works of Eliot. Selby, Nick , ed. T. S. Eliot: The Waste Land . Columbia Critical Guides. New York, 1999. Selection of essays. Southam, B. C. A Student's Guide to the Selected Poems of T. S. Eliot . London, 1968....

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...was published in 1975 . The principal biographical studies are Peter Ackroyd 's T. S. Eliot ( 1984 ), and Lyndall Gordon's Eliot's Early Years ( 1977 ) and Eliot's New Life ( 1988 ); among the more interesting of many critical treatments are Hugh Kenner 's The Invisible Poet ( 1959 ), Bernard Bergonzi 's T. S. Eliot ( 1972 ), and Helen Gardner 's The Composition of ‘Four Quartets’ ( 1978 ). The first volume of Eliot's Letters , edited by his wife Valerie Eliot, was published in 1988...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
8,593 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... T. S. Eliot: A Life . New York, 1984. A brisk and illuminating account of the life and work, and still the best biographical introduction. Bergonzi, Bernard . T. S. Eliot . New York, 1972. Browne, E. Martin . The Making of T. S. Eliot's Plays . London, 1969. Bush, Ronald . T. S. Eliot: A Study in Character and Style . New York, 1984. A balanced, informative work especially useful to new readers of Eliot's poetry. Chace, William M. The Political Identities of Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot . Stanford, CA, 1973. Helpful comparative focus on Eliot's social...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Reference library

John Saunders

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
157 words

..., T. S. ( 1888–1965 ) . Poet and man of letters. Born in St Louis, after Harvard he studied in Europe, in 1927 becoming a British citizen. With the encouragement of Ezra Pound he produced The Waste Land ( 1922 ), usually seen as a commentary on the western civilization which collapsed in the Great War, though he preferred to think of it as ‘a piece of rhythmical grumbling’. Equally innovative literary criticism helped create the taste by which he was admired, though in 1927 his confirmation in the Anglican church to many seemed an anachronism. For...

Eliot, T. S.

Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
783 words

..., T. S. ( Thomas Stearns ) ( 1888–1965 ), born in St. Louis , graduated from Harvard (1910) and studied at the Sorbonne and at Merton College, Oxford. For a year he was an instructor in philosophy at Harvard, and his first articles were on this subject. In 1914 he went to Europe, and he did not return to the U.S. until 1932, when he held a lectureship at Harvard. In the intervening years he did some schoolteaching in England, became a London bank clerk, wrote reviews and poems, assisted in editing a literary journal, and in 1923 became editor of the...

T. S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot (1888–1965)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
48 words

...0T.S. T. S. Eliot 1888 – 1965 American -born British poet , critic , and dramatist This is the way the world ends Not with a bang but a whimper. ‘The Hollow Men’ (1925) way the world ends Not with a bang but a whimper Not with a bang but a ...

T.S. Eliot

T.S. Eliot (18881965)   Reference library

Brewer's Famous Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
1,581 words

...T.S. Eliot 1888 1965 American-born English poet , playwright and critic No! I am not Prince Hamlet, nor was meant to be; Am an attendant lord, one that will do To swell a progress, start a scene or two. ‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’, Prufrock (1917). Hence, Not Prince Hamlet , title of an autobiography (1989) by the critic and translator of plays, Michael Meyer I grow old … I grow old … I shall wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled. Shall I part my hair behind? Do I dare to eat a peach? I shall wear white flannel trousers, and walk upon...

T. S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot (1888–1965)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
876 words

...T. S. Eliot 1888 – 1965 The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an “objective correlative”; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion. Hamlet and His Problems , 1919 Music heard so deeply That it is not heard at all, but you are the music While the music lasts. Four Quartets: The Dry Salvages , 1941 Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal. Philip Massinger , 1920 Genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood. Dante , 1929 What we call...

T. S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot (1888–1965)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
3,870 words

...0T0S T. S. Eliot ( Thomas Stearns Eliot ) 1888 – 1965 American -born British poet , critic , and dramatist . On Eliot: see leavis Because I do not hope to turn again Because I do not hope Because I do not hope to turn. Ash-Wednesday (1930) pt. 1 because I do not hope to turn Because I do not hope to turn Teach us to care and not to care Teach us to sit still. Ash-Wednesday (1930) pt. 1 teach us to care Teach us to care Teach us to sit still Lady, three white leopards sat under a juniper-tree In the cool of the day. Ash-Wednesday ...

T. S. Eliot

T. S. Eliot (1888–1965)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
3,330 words

...0T.S. T. S. Eliot 1888 – 1965 American -born British poet , critic , and dramatist Because I do not hope to turn again Because I do not hope Because I do not hope to turn. Ash-Wednesday (1930) pt. 1 because I do not hope to turn Because I do not hope to turn Teach us to care and not to care Teach us to sit still. Ash-Wednesday (1930) pt. 1 teach us to care Teach us to care Teach us to sit still Lady, three white leopards sat under a juniper-tree In the cool of the day. Ash-Wednesday (1930) pt. 2 three white leopards sat under a juniper...

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