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Supreme Court

Subject: Law

The highest court in a court hierarchy. In Australia the Supreme Court is the highest court in each state and territory (correctly styled ‘the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory’ ... ...

Reporters, Supreme Court

Reporters, Supreme Court   Reference library

Francis Helminski

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
775 words

...its U.S. Supreme Court Reports and Digest , and then served as the Court's assistant reporter of decisions. Supreme Court reporters are unknown to the public but make possible expeditious and wide dissemination of the nation's highest judicial decisions. Although the position now calls for progressive expertise ranging from computers to systems of citation, reporters quietly continue their overlooked role as heralds of the Supreme Court. See also Reporting of Opinions . Gerald T. Dunne , Early Court Reporters , Yearbook of the Supreme Court Historical...

Supreme Court Reporter

Supreme Court Reporter   Reference library

Morris L. Cohen

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
178 words

... Court Reporter , the West Publishing Company's unofficial edition of Supreme Court decisions, began publication in 1883 , printing decisions of the October 1882 term. Advance sheets are issued semimonthly, with final page‐numbering. Only the bound volume, however, offers star paging to the official reports and parallel citations to both the official reports and to Lawyers' Edition . The text of decisions is the same as in the official edition. Case summaries and headnotes are prepared by West, and the headnotes are classified by West's key‐number...

Buildings, Supreme Court

Buildings, Supreme Court   Reference library

Maxwell Bloomfield

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,145 words

...the Supreme Court Building .) There the Court has remained ever since, except for a period in October 2001 , when the discovery of anthrax spores in the mailroom forced the evacuation of the building. The incident, which followed the terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., a month earlier, disrupted the Court's schedule for a time, with the justices moving their sessions to the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse a short distance away. See also Chambers ; Paintings in the Supreme Court Building ; Sculpture in the Supreme Court...

Architecture of the Supreme Court Building

Architecture of the Supreme Court Building   Reference library

Maxwell Bloomfield

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,417 words

...building finally opened its doors to the public on Monday, 7 October 1935 . See also Buildings, Supreme Court ; Sculpture in the Supreme Court Building . Lois Craig and the Staff of the Federal Architecture Project, The Federal Presence: Architecture, Politics, and Symbols in United States Government Building (1977). Alpheus Thomas Mason , William Howard Taft: Chief Justice (1965). Catherine Hetos Skefos , The Supreme Court Gets a Home, Supreme Court Historical Society Yearbook (1976): 25–36. Maxwell...

Paintings In the Supreme Court Building

Paintings In the Supreme Court Building   Reference library

Maxwell Bloomfield

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
536 words

...In the Supreme Court Building The only paintings on public display in the Supreme Court Building are oil portraits of the justices. The East Conference Room contains portraits of the chief justices from John Jay to Melville W. Fuller . Until the late nineteenth century Congress did not authorize the expenditure of public funds for such portraits. The Court thus depended upon private donors for paintings of early chief justices. On 2 October 1888 , Congress initiated a policy of government purchase, appropriating fifteen hundred dollars for the...

Sculpture In the Supreme Court Building

Sculpture In the Supreme Court Building   Reference library

Maxwell Bloomfield

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
545 words

...In the Supreme Court Building In keeping with the neoclassical design of the Supreme Court Building, sculptor John Donnelly depicted the sources of the Western legal tradition on its massive bronze entrance doors. Four panels on the left trace the contributions of Greece and Rome: two litigants argue their claims before a council of elders, as described in the Iliad ; a Roman praetor hands down a judicial edict; the jurist Julian instructs a pupil; and the emperor Justinian proclaims his famous Code ( see Roman Law ). Complementary panels on the...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
212 words

...Supreme Court The highest court in a court hierarchy . (1) In Australia the Supreme Court is the highest court in each state and territory (correctly styled ‘the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory’ rather than ‘the Northern Territory Supreme Court’). The High Court of Australia is the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy; it takes its name from the Constitution s 71: ‘The judicial power of the Commonwealth shall be vested in a Federal Supreme Court, to be called the High Court of Australia’. (2) (UK) The Supreme Court of Judicature...

supreme court

supreme court   Quick reference

David Mervin

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
391 words

... court A final court of appeal. The best‐known example is the United States Supreme Court; there are also American state supreme courts, although in some cases they are named differently. Article III of the US Constitution provides for a supreme court at the apex of the federal judiciary while leaving to Congress the establishment of lower federal courts. The number of US Supreme Court justices has varied between five and ten, but has remained at nine since 1869 . Justices are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. These are...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
77 words

... Court The Court is the highest court in the UK, having taken over that role for the judicial committee of the House of Lords in 2009 . The Court also took over the role Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. It comprises a President, Deputy President, and ten Justices of the Supreme Court. In any proceedings, the Court will normally be properly constituted if it consists of an uneven number of judges and at least three...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
296 words

... Court . Under the constitution of the Irish Free State and the Courts of Justice Act 1924 , the Supreme Court was solely a court of appeal. The High Court had sole jurisdiction on the constitutionality of legislation. The power of judicial review was limited because the 1922 constitution could be amended by ordinary legislation. In the 1937 constitution of Ireland the powers of the Supreme Court, influenced by the American model, were greatly strengthened. It is the court of final appeal and consists of at least five judges (increased to eight in...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court ((USA))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
640 words

...as the Court had a direct interest in this issue because of the President's decisive influence on the composition of the Court. At the same time, the Court's growing conservatism did not prevent it from asserting its rights against the executive, notably when it ruled in 2004 that detainees in Guantánamo Bay did have access to US Courts to challenge their detention. The rulings of the Supreme Court since Roberts became Chief Justice in 2005 have generally been considered conservative, such as removing limits on political expenditure, but the court did...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
6,778 words

... Court The United States Supreme Court heard its first cases in the 1790s, at which time its jurisdiction was mostly limited to appeals from state supreme courts and lower federal courts and usually involved issues of national law or constitutional interpretation. Before 1830 the Court did not hear any cases involving the Constitution's fugitive slave clause but did hear some cases involving the African slave trade. At that time Supreme Court justices also presided over trials while riding circuit and as such heard cases dealing with slavery and race....

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
15,337 words
Illustration(s):
2

... Court . Since 1895 the relationship of the U.S. Supreme Court to African Americans has dramatically evolved. In 1896 the Court anointed segregation in its decision in Plessy v. Ferguson . In the next two decades it heard a number of cases involving race and almost always sided with supporters of segregation and racism. From about 1915 until World War II the Court occasionally protected the rights of blacks but often did not. On the eve of World War II the Court, then being remade by President Franklin Roosevelt , began to confront segregation...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Court The highest court in the UK legal system. It takes appeals on criminal law from England, Wales , and Northern Ireland , and on civil law from the whole of the UK. The Supreme Court replaced the Law Lords in the House of Lords in 2009 , following the implementation of the Constitutional Reform Act ( 2005...

chambers, Supreme Court

chambers, Supreme Court   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
41 words

...Supreme Court The offices of Supreme Court justices are called chambers. Each justice has three connecting rooms on the main floor. One serves as the private office of the justice, and the other two are used by clerks and...

Supreme Court reporter

Supreme Court reporter   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
91 words

... Court reporter Since 1883 the West Publishing Company has regularly issued the Supreme Court Reporter , an unofficial record of U.S. Supreme Court decisions. The contents of the decisions in the Supreme Court Reporter are the same as in the official edition, United States Reports , which is issued by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Summaries of all cases are prepared by West. In addition, tables of key words, phrases, and statutes are developed to help readers interpret information in the full-text reports of the Court's opinions. See also ...

Supreme Court, Canadian

Supreme Court, Canadian   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
52 words

... Court, Canadian Highest court of appeal in Canada, established in 1875 . Its judgement became final when appeals to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London ended: for criminal cases in 1933 , for civil cases in 1949 . It sits in Ottawa, and consists of a chief justice and eight...

Supreme Court (UK)

Supreme Court (UK)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
576 words

...the UK's highest court to have the formal status of a committee of the legislature. Opponents rejected the notion that any constitutional principle of separation of powers applied and argued that the existing arrangements enjoyed a high reputation at a modest cost. The senior judge is the President of the Supreme Court and there are eleven other permanent members of the court known as Justices of the Supreme Court. The initial members of the new court will be the existing Lords of Appeal in Ordinary (‘the law lords’). Senior judges from courts of England and...

Supreme Court of Judicature

Supreme Court of Judicature   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law (9 ed. )

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
90 words

...Supreme Court of Judicature A court created by the Judicature Acts 1873–75 to take over the jurisdiction of all the higher courts, other than the House of Lords, existing at that time. It did not sit as a single court but comprised the High Court of Justice , the Court of Appeal , and the Crown Court . On the establishment of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in 2009 these courts were renamed the Senior Courts of England and Wales. See also Rules of the Supreme Court...

Supreme Court of Judicature

Supreme Court of Judicature   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Law Enforcement (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Law
Length:
18 words

... Court of Judicature An obsolete term for what are now the Senior Courts of England and...

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