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Sun Yat-sen

(b. 12 Nov. 1866, d. 12 Mar. 1925). President of the Republic of China 1911–12, 1917–18, 1921–5 Born into a peasant family in southern China (Guandong province), fifteen miles ...

SUN Yat-sen

SUN Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Reference library

Jiu-Hwa Lo UPSHUR

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...UPSHUR Further Reading Bergere, M. C. (1998). Sun Yat-sen . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Schiffrin, H. (1968). Sun Yat-sen and the origins of the Chinese revolution . Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Schiffrin, H. (1980). Sun Yat-sen: Reluctant revolutionary . Boston: Little, Brown. Sharman, L. (1968). Sun Yat-sen: His life and its meaning . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. (Original work published 1934) Wilbur, C. M. (1976). Sun Yat-sen: Frustrated patriot . New York: Columbia University...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
171 words

... Yat-sen (or Sun Yixian ) ( 1866–1925 ) Chinese Kuomintang statesman, provisional President of the Republic of China ( 1911–12 ) and President of the Southern Chinese Republic ( 1923–25 ). Generally regarded in the West as the father of the modern Chinese state, he spent the period 1895–1911 in exile after an abortive attempt to overthrow the Manchus. During this time he issued an early version of his influential ‘Three Principles of the People’ (nationalism, democracy, and the people’s livelihood) and set up a revolutionary society, which became the...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Reference library

Chloe Starr

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
246 words

... Yat-sen (Pinyin: Sun Yixian ; also Sun Wen , Sun Zhongshan ) ( 1866–1925 ) As the first provisional president and ‘father of the nation’, Sun Yat-sen played a major role in the revolutionary overthrow of the Qing government and the establishment of the Republic of China in 1911. He was the leader of the Guomindang (Kuomintang, Nationalist Party) and served as its premier 1919–25, and 1923–5 as generalissimo of the National Government of Nationalist China. After Sun founded the Xinzhonghui (Revive China Society) in Hawaii in 1894 and plotted a failed...

Sun Yat‐sen

Sun Yat‐sen (1866–1925)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
70 words

... Yatsen ( 1866–1925 ) Chinese nationalist leader , first president of the Chinese Republic ( 1911–12 ). In exile ( 1895–1911 ), he adopted his “three principles of the people”: nationalism, democracy, and prosperity. After the Revolution of 1911 , he became provisional president, but soon resigned in favour of the militarily powerful Yuan Shikai. When Yuan turned autocratic, Sun gave his support to the Kuomintang , or Nationalist Party, formed to oppose...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
310 words

... Yat-sen ( Sun Zhong Shan ; 1866–1925 ) Chinese nationalist leader. Sun Yat-sen has been called the father of modern China. His doctrines, encapsulated in his ‘Three Principles of the People’ (nationalism, democracy, and the people's livelihood) have been accepted by both the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) and the Communist Party. Born in Kwantung province, the son of a peasant, Sun Yat-sen was brought up in Hawaii, where he received a Christian education and became familiar with western traditions. He became a Christian and went on to study medicine in...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics and International Relations in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
66 words

...Sun Yat-sen ( 1866–1925 ) A Chinese politician, writer, and philosopher. He helped to overthrow the Qing dynasty (1644–1911) before founding the Republic of China in 1912 and later the Kuomintang . He was succeeded by Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) , and is venerated by the public and politicians of both the People’s Republic of China and Taiwan. See also Republican China (1911–49) ; Taiwan, relations ....

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Reference library

Richard HOROWITZ

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
1,363 words

...Sun Yat-sen ( 1866–1925 ) Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen was the most prominent figure in the movement that overthrew the Manchu Qing dynasty ( 1644–1911 /12) and established the Republic of China; he was also the founding leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party (Guomindang). Sun was born in Xiangshan County in Guangdong Province. After beginning his education in China, Sun was sent in 1879 to live with his elder brother in Hawaii, where he learned English while attending the missionary-operated Iolani School. After returning to China, Sun pursued...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (12 Nov. 1866)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,121 words

...Sun Yat-sen (b. Xiangshan, Guangdong province , 12 Nov. 1866 ; d. Beijing , 12 Mar. 1925 ) Revolutionary leader and theoretician , first provisional President of post-Imperial China 1911 , Founder and first leader of the Guomindang Sun Yat-sen, who is widely regarded as being the father of modern Chinese nationalism, was originally named Sun Wen , and is known throughout the mandarin-speaking world as Sun Zhongshan . Sun was born in Xiangshan (now called Zhongshan in his honour) in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong. Xiangshan was fertile...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925)   Reference library

Kerry Brown

The Berkshire Dictionary of Chinese Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,674 words
Illustration(s):
3

...organ of the Tongmenhui) published in Tokyo, 26 November 1905. On the left is the article by Sun Yat-sen in which he presents for the first time his Three Principles of the People (nationalism, democracy, and welfare). Source: Sun Yat-Sen In commemoration of the 130th anniversary of Dr. Sun’s birth. Edited by Shanghai Museum of Sun Yat-sen’s Former Residence. Nationalist Party Re-formed Throughout the period of Yuan’s influence and after his death, Sun was agitating for greater influence. In many ways, he was complicit in the chaos, establishing...

Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-sen   Reference library

Haiwang YUAN

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...black marble. A 4.6-meter-tall (15 feet) statue of Sun Yat-sen sits in the center of the hall. It was carved by the famous French sculptor Paul Arinsky from Italian white marble. Looking forward in his long gown, Sun holds an open book on his lap, signifying his wisdom. Around the foot of the statue, six relief sculptures represent some of his revolutionary activities. The Outline for National Reconstruction, drawn and penned by Sun, is inscribed on the walls on either side of the statue. The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, located in Nanjing, painted by Fu...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
167 words

... Yat-sen • Adrienne , again, amen, Ardennes, Behn, Ben, Benn, Bren, cayenne, Cévennes, Dairen, den, en, fen, gen, glen, Glenn, Guyenne, Gwen, hen, julienne, Karen, ken, Len, Loren, men, Nene, Ogaden, paren, pen, Penn, Phnom Penh, Rennes, Shenzhen, Sun Yat-sen, ten, then, Tlemcen, when, wren, yen, zazen, Zen • paraben • Chechen • Nurofen • peahen • moorhen • Origen • allergen • admen • bagmen , ragmen, swagmen • packmen • gasmen • taxmen • jazzmen • ramen • yardmen • legmen • chessmen • repairmen • flamen • mailmen • cavemen • he-men • freedmen •...

Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
74 words
Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
100 words
Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
84 words
Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
121 words
Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 12 Nov. 1866, d. 12 Mar. 1925).President of the Republic of China 1911–12, 1917–18, 1921–5 Born into a peasant family in southern China (Guandong province), fifteen miles from Macao, he joined ...
Triad Societies

Triad Societies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Chinese secret societies, originally formed in the late 17th century to overthrow the Manchu Qing dynasty and restore its Chinese Ming predecessor. The various societies forming the Triad shared a ...
Jung Chang

Jung Chang  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1952– ) Chinese-born academic and writer based in BritainMadame Sun Yat Sen [with Jon Halliday] (1986) Non-FictionWild Swans (1991) Non-FictionMao: The Unknown Story [with Jon Halliday] (2005) ...
Three Principles of the People

Three Principles of the People  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) presented the Three Principles of the People (in Chinese, sanmin zhuyi) in 1924 as the primary guiding philosophy for China's nationalist revolution. The principles ...
Whampoa Military Academy

Whampoa Military Academy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
When Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan) reorganized the Nationalist Party (Guomindang, or Kuomintang) in 1923 and 1924 and concluded an alliance with the Comintern, one of his key goals was to ...

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