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Strabo

(c. 63 bc–c. 23 ad), historian and geographer of Greek descent. His only extant work, Geographica, in seventeen volumes, provides a detailed physical and historical geography of ...

Strabo

Strabo   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
243 words

... ( c. 63 bc – ad 23) Greek geographer and historian Strabo , who was born at Amaseia (now Amasya in Turkey), traveled to Rome in 44 bc and remained there until about 31 bc . He visited Corinth in 29 bc and in about 24 bc sailed up the Nile. Although the historical writings of Strabo, including his Historical Sketches , in 47 books, have been almost entirely lost, his Geography , in 17 books, has survived virtually intact. This major geographical work is an important source of information on the ancient world. In it Strabo accepted the...

Strabo

Strabo ([Na])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
41 words

... [Na] Greek geographer and historian born about 64 bc whose extensive Geography includes descriptions of the Mediterranean world from Spain to Egypt and Asia Minor, together with accounts of barbarian Europe including Gaul and Britain. He died about ad 21...

Strabo

Strabo   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
298 words

... , Greek geographer; born Amaseia in Pontos ca. 63 b.c. , died ca. a.d . 21, but probably after 23 or 26. He wrote two lengthy works, the Historical Notes (extant only in a few fragments) and the Geography . The latter was well known in the 6th C., when Stephen of Byzantium quoted it abundantly; other contemporary authors (Hesychios of Miletos, Prokopios of Caesarea, Evagrios Scholastikos , Cassiodorus ) also mention Strabo. A 6th-C. palimpsest of the Geography survives, containing primarily books 8–17. Forgotten in the 7th and 8th C., Strabo was...

Strabo

Strabo (c.64 bce–24 ce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
869 words

... Stravbwn ( c.64 bce –24 ce ), Hellenistic geographer and historian , of Amasia, Pontus. Life and Career. Born and raised in Amasia, Strabo was educated by three famous Asian teachers: the historian and Homeric scholar Aristodemus of Nysa; the philosopher Xenarchus of Seleucia; and the grammarian Tyrannion of Amisus. He may have met also Posidonius of Apameia. Strabo's family was connected to Rome: his ancestors on his mother's side were intimates of the kings of Pontus, Mithradates V Euergetes and Mithradates VI Eupator, but supported the Romans...

Strabo

Strabo ((c. 64 BCE–24 CE))   Reference library

daniela dueck

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
728 words

...It also has copper mines, asphalt springs, and precious stones (17.3.11). Strabo’s most detailed description deals with Egypt, which was both extensively described by earlier Greek sources and visited by Strabo himself at about 25 BCE with the Roman governor of Egypt, Aelius Gallus. Strabo offers a detailed description of Alexandria (17.1.6–10), but the main theme in this part of the survey is the Nile, its yearly inundation, and its particular zoological and botanical landscape. Strabo tells of numerous islands on the Nile (17.1.52) and names specific kinds of...

Strabo

Strabo   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... . Greek geographer who flourished in Augustan Rome ( c. 58 BC-c. ad 24 ) whose seventeen-book Geographia provides much widely cited, descriptive information about early Celtic society. The standard modern translation is by H. L. Jones (8 vols.) in the Loeb Classical Library (New York, 1917–33 ). See also CLASSICAL COMMENTATORS...

Strābo

Strābo (64 bc–after ad 21)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
550 words

...as a branch of scientific inquiry, Strabo deals with the dimensions of the inhabited world and the position of various places with reference to a simple grid. Books 3–17 embrace Spain, the Isles of Scilly, Gaul, Britain (of which he knows little), Italy, Sicily, north and east Europe (he knows nothing of northernmost Europe and Asia), central Europe, north Balkans, Greece, Asia around the Black and Caspian Seas, Asia Minor, India, Persia, Mesopotamia, Palestine, Arabia, Egypt, Ethiopia, and North Africa (Strabo takes Africa to be a triangle north of the...

Strabo

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The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
459 words

... of Amaseia, author of a Geography in seventeen books, the most important source for ancient geography , a priceless document of the Augustan age, and a compendium of important material derived from lost authors. Born c. 64 bc , he studied in Rome. He knew Posidonius , whose work he used, and from whom he may have drawn his idea of a conjoint interest in history (with its ethical implications) and geography. The empires of Romans and Parthians allowed him to do for the Augustan empire what Eratosthenes had been able to do in the aftermath of ...

Strabo

Strabo (of *Amaseia)   Reference library

Nicholas Purcell

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
822 words

...126–34; G. Aujac , Strabon et la science de son temps (1966); A. M. Biraschi and others, Strabone, Saggio di Bibliografia 1469–1978 (1981); R. Syme (ed. A. Birley), Anatolica (1995); K. Clarke , Between Geography and History (1999); D. Dueck , Strabo of Amasia (2000) and (ed. with others.) Strabo's Cultural Geography (2005). Nicholas...

Strabo

Strabo   Quick reference

Nicholas Purcell

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
668 words

... of Amaseia in Pontus, author of a Geographia in 17 books, by far the most important source for ancient geography, a priceless document of the Augustan age, and a compendium of important material derived from lost authors. The family was prominent in the politics of Pontus since before the time of Mithradates VI . Born about 64 bc , he studied grammar under Aristodemus of Nysa, and later at Rome under Tyrannio of Amisus, and philosophy under Xenarchus of Seleuceia (his teachers were Peripatetic; his views align him with the Stoics). He knew ...

Strabo

Strabo   Reference library

Nicholas Purcell

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
700 words

... of Amaseia (Pontus, N. Turkey), author of a Geographia in 17 books, by far the most important source for ancient geography , a priceless document of the Augustan age, and a compendium of important material derived from lost authors. The family was prominent in the politics of Pontus since before the time of Mithradates VI . Born about 64 bc , he studied grammar under Aristodemus of Nysa, and later at Rome under Tyrannio of Amisus, and philosophy under Xenarchus of Seleuceia (his teachers were Peripatetic (Aristotelian); his views align him with...

Walafrid Strabo

Walafrid Strabo (808)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
136 words

...Strabo ( 808 / 809 – 849 ) Walafrid Strabo was raised at Reichenau and then Fulda , where he was in contact with Rabanus Maurus. He became abbot of his monastery of origin, Reichenau, after having been the preceptor of Charles the Bald . His links with the court were quite close. A great theologian and poet of his time, he composed among other things poetic works, biblical commentaries, Homilies and Saints' Lives ( Life of St Gall , re-edition of Einhard 's Life of Charlemagne , etc.). His reputation is due mainly to his poems. In them he...

Walahfried Strabo

Walahfried Strabo (809–49)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to German Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
77 words

...Strabo ( 809–49 , was educated first at Reichenau Abbey and then, aged 17, under Hrabanus Maurus at Fulda. From 829 to 838 he was at the court of Ludwig I , der Fromme, where he was tutor to Ludwig's son, the future Karl II , der Kahle. In 838 he became abbot of Reichenau, was evicted for political reasons, and reinstated in 842 . He was an elegant writer of Latin, in which his mainly theological works were...

Walafrid Strabo

Walafrid Strabo (c.808–49)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
93 words

...Strabo ( c. 808–49 ), i.e. ‘Walafrid the Squinter’, poet and biblical exegete. He studied under Rabanus Maurus , became tutor to the Emperor's son Charles (the future Charles the Bald) in 829, and in 839 abbot of Reichenau . His works include a poem on gardening, saints' Lives in verse and prose, and a liturgical treatise, De Exordiis . He abridged Rabanus' commentaries on the Pentateuch and perhaps commented on the Psalms and Catholic Epistles, but the belief that he wrote the ‘ Glossa Ordinaria ’ to the Bible is...

Walafrid Strabo

Walafrid Strabo (808–49)   Reference library

Gordon Campbell

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
344 words

...Strabo’, Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 7 (1972), 41–92. P. [J.] Godman , Poets and Emperors: Frankish Politics and Carolingian Poetry (Oxford, 1987), 129–48. M. Brooke , ‘The Prose and Verse Hagiography of Walahfrid Strabo’, in P. [J.] Godman and R. Collins (eds), Charlemagne’s Heir (Oxford, 1990), 551–64. Raby (1953), 183–9. C. Albarello , ‘Walafrid Strabon commente l’Exode: tradition textuelle et grammaire exégétique’ , Recherches Augustiniennes et Patristiques 33 (2003), 179–207. C. M. Booke r, ‘A New Prologue of Walafrid Strabo’, ...

Walafrid                 Strabo

Walafrid Strabo (808/9–849)   Reference library

Richard Corradini

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,823 words

...A. Traill , in Walahfrid Strabo's Visio Wettini. Text, Translation and Commentary (Bern 1974). Secondary literature W. Berschin , Walahfrid Strabo und die Reichenau. ‘Augia felix’ (Marbach am Neckar 2000). B. Bischoff , ‘Eine Sammelhandschrift Walahfrid Strabos’, in idem, Studien...

Theoderic Strabo

Theoderic Strabo (481)   Reference library

Brian Croke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Strabo (‘the Squinter’, d. 481 ) East Roman general, leader of his Gothic people who had been settled in Thrace since the 420s, occasional ally of Theoderic the Ostrogoth (an Amal ) but, as son of Triarius, from a different clan of Goths . He enjoyed Roman service and tribute but experienced volatile and wary relations with successive Roman emperors . He was nephew of the wife of the patricius Aspar . Aspar’s murder in 471 provoked him to seek from the Emperor Leo I the legacy of Aspar and Aspar’s position as Magister Militum ....

Walahfrid Strabo (‘Squinter’)

Walahfrid Strabo (‘Squinter’) (807–49)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
74 words

...Strabo (‘Squinter’) ( 807–49 ) *Carolingian scholar , poet , *exegete ; tutor to *Charles II ‘the Bald’; abbot of *Reichenau . Best known for his poetry—especially his Visio Wettini , describing *visions of *hell , *Purgatory , and *heaven —Strabo also wrote *hagiography and commentaries on the Psalms and other biblical books. Michael Frassetto C. Chazelle and B. V. Edwards , eds, The Study of the Bible in the Carolingian Era (2003). P. Godman , Poets and Emperors ...

Pompeius (RE 45) Strabo, Gnaeus

Pompeius (RE 45) Strabo, Gnaeus   Reference library

Ernst Badian and Robin J. Seager

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
285 words

...( RE 45) Strabo, Gnaeus , father of Pompey (Cn. Pompeius Magnus (1) ), after his quaestorship c. 106 bc tried to prosecute his commander. As tribune ( 104 ) he successfully prosecuted Q. Fabius Maximus Eburnus (censor 108) in an epoch-making case limiting patria potestas . In the Social War (3) he fought in the northern sector, as legate ( 90 ) and—after a victory over T. Lafrenius —as consul ( 89 ). Pompey, Cicero , and Catiline , among others, served under him (Cichorius, Röm. Stud. 144). Capturing Asculum Picenum , he ended the...

Strabo

Strabo (c.63 bcc. ad 23)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... ( c. 63 bc – c. ad 23 ) Greek geographer and historian...

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