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Stokely Carmichael

(b. 29 June 1941; d. 15 November 1998), activist and writer who popularized the “Black Power” slogan in the 1960s. A native of Trinidad, Carmichael, later known as Kwame Ture ...

Carmichael, Stokely

Carmichael, Stokely   Reference library

Peniel E. Joseph

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., Stokely ( 1941 – 1998 ), civil rights activist. Stokely Standiford Churchill Carmichael was born on 29 June 1941 in Port of Spain , Trinidad, to Adolphus and Mabel Charles Carmichael. By 1952 the Carmichael family, which now included Stokely and his four sisters, moved to the Bronx, New York . In 1956 , Carmichael enrolled at the prestigious Bronx High School of Science, one of New York ’s best public schools. As a teenager he participated in radical study groups and, under the tutelage of Bayard Rustin, the nation’s leading black social...

Carmichael, Stokely

Carmichael, Stokely (1941–1998)   Reference library

Rowena I. Alfonso

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,129 words

...Lionel Robert) ; and Lamming, George .] Bibliography Carmichael, Stokely . Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism . New York: Vintage, 1971. Carmichael, Stokely , and Charles V. Hamilton . Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America . New York: Vintage, 1967. Carmichael, Stokely , with Ekwueme Michael Thelwell. Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) . New York: Scribner, 2005. Cobb, Charles E., Jr. “From Stokely Carmichael to Kwame Ture.” Callalloo 34, no. 1 (2011): 89–97. Rowena...

Carmichael, Stokely

Carmichael, Stokely (1941–98)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
234 words

..., Stokely ( Kwame Ture ) ( 1941–98 ) Civil rights campaigner, advocate of black power , and leader of the Black Panthers . Carmichael was born in Trinidad, and moved to New York in 1951 . He was active in the civil rights campaign, repeatedly gaoled for his role highlighting racism in the Southern United States, and in 1966 became leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. As leader, Carmichael advocated a programme of black assertion, which would recognize the distinctiveness of the black community, rather than merely demand...

Carmichael, Stokely

Carmichael, Stokely (b. 29 June 1941)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,043 words
Illustration(s):
1

...American imperialism. In 1996 Carmichael was diagnosed with prostate cancer. He received cancer treatment in Cuba and financial support from the Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. After his diagnosis, Carmichael began writing his memoir with the assistance of Ekwueme Michael Thelwell , his former SNCC colleague and longtime friend. Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) appeared posthumously in 2003 . Although he spent time in the United States while writing his book, Carmichael was determined to die on African...

Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael (1941–98)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
50 words

...0Stokely Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 American Black Power leader The only position for women in SNCC is prone. response to a question about the position of women at a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee conference, November 1964 only position for women position for women is prone women in SNCC is ...

Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael (1941–98)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
50 words

...0Stokely Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 American Black Power leader The only position for women in SNCC is prone. response to a question about the position of women at a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee conference, November 1964 only position for women position for women is prone position for women is ...

Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael (1941–98)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
50 words

...0Stokely Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 American Black Power leader The only position for women in SNCC is prone. response to a question about the position of women at a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee conference, November 1964 only position for women position for women is prone position for women is ...

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929– 

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929–    Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
68 words

...0Stokely Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929 –   American Black Power leader s Black power…is a call for black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, to build a sense of community. Black Power (1967) black Power Black power Before a group can enter the open society, it must first close ranks. Black Power (1967) enter the open society must first close ...

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929– 

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929–    Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
93 words

...0Stokely02 Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929 –   American Black Power leader s The adoption of the concept of Black Power is one of the most legitimate and healthy developments in American politics and race relations in our time.…It is a call for black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, to build a sense of community. It is a call for black people to begin to define their own goals, to lead their own organizations and to support those organizations. Black Power (1967) black Power Black...

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929– 

Stokely Carmichael 1941–98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929–    Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
107 words

...1Stokely Stokely Carmichael 1941 – 98 and Charles Vernon Hamilton 1929 –   American Black Power leader s The adoption of the concept of Black Power is one of the most legitimate and healthy developments in American politics and race relations in our time.…It is a call for black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, to build a sense of community. It is a call for black people to begin to define their own goals, to lead their own organizations and to support those organizations. It is a call to reject the racist...

Stokely Carmichael

Stokely Carmichael  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. 29 June 1941; d. 15 November 1998),activist and writer who popularized the “Black Power” slogan in the 1960s. A native of Trinidad, Carmichael, later known as Kwame Ture ...
Eldridge Cleaver

Eldridge Cleaver  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1935–98)African American essayist and political activist born in Arkansas. He became a member of the Black Panther Party and his book of essays Soul on Ice (1967) became a ...
Black Power

Black Power  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Originating as a movement in the 1960s, it was developed into a coherent ideology by Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton in their book Black Power (1969). It called upon African Americans to take ...
Julius Lester

Julius Lester  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1939), activist, essayist, journalist, radio broadcaster, folklorist, writer, historian, poet, and professor.Julius Lester was born on 27 January 1939 in St. Louis, Missouri, the son of Woodie ...
Ted Joans

Ted Joans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1928–2003), poet, multimedia performer, musician, painter, surrealist, traveling storyteller, Beat writer, and Black Nationalist Manifesto writer.Ted Joans was born in Cairo, Illinois, on 4 July ...
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee   Reference library

Patrick D. Jones

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Mississippi delegation at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey , but ultimately was rebuffed. In 1966 , amid increasing racial violence in U.S. cities, SNCC’s new president, Stokely Carmichael, articulated his vision of Black Power, including black self-reliance, racial exclusivity, and violent self-defense. Under Carmichael’s incendiary successor, H. Rap Brown, this increasing spiral of radicalism and violence caused internal fissures that ultimately led to the disintegration of SNCC in the early 1970 s. Nevertheless, SNCC...

Thelwell, Ekueme Michael

Thelwell, Ekueme Michael (1939– )   Reference library

Balthazar Becker

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
957 words

...has become a classic in Jamaica and the wider Caribbean. In the late 1990s Thelwell began to collaborate with his former Howard classmate Stokely Carmichael, by then known as Kwame Ture, on Carmichael’s deathbed autobiography. Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) , published in 2003 with an introduction by John Edgar Wideman, served as an important corrective to Carmichael’s popularized image and shed light on his global activism in the decades following his disassociation from the Black Panther Party. Thelwell’s...

Timespeak

Timespeak   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Often pejorative, it identifies a homogenized, racy, digest-like prose in which the following often overlapping features are prominent: (1) Heavy pre-modification, in such phrases as ‘ Surgeon Barnard ’s cardiologist colleagues’, ‘Black Power Proselyter [ sic ] Stokely Carmichael’. (2) A wide-ranging, often whimsical vocabulary that uses such recherché terms as bravura and quondam , such slang terms as glitz ( y ), miffed, natty , and wacky (often in formal contexts), such neologisms as shopaholic, sweetspeak, hippiedom , and such phrase words...

Black Power

Black Power ((USA))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
252 words

...Black Power (USA) Originating as a movement in the 1960s, it was developed into a coherent ideology by Stokely Carmichael and Charles Hamilton in their book Black Power ( 1969 ). It called upon African Americans to take pride in their culture and their descent. By exhibiting a greater sense of solidarity and community, they could create a distinctively black economic and political base that would increase the bargaining power of African Americans in their claim for full equality in US society. Organizations closely associated with the Black Power...

Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee   Reference library

Patrick D. Jones

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
361 words

...the all-white Mississippi delegation at the national convention in Atlantic City, but was ultimately rebuffed. In 1966 , amid increasing racial violence in U.S. cities, SNCC's new president, Stokely Carmichael ( 1941 – ), articulated his vision of Black Power, including black self-reliance, racial exclusivity, and violent self-defense. Under Carmichael's incendiary successor, H. Rap Brown , this increasing spiral of radicalism and violence caused internal fissures that ultimately led to the disintegration of SNCC in the early 1970s. Despite this...

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