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Statute of Labourers

Subject: History

(1351) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much ...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
39 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ). This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre- Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
41 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) This Act attempted to hold wages at their pre‐ Black Death level by imposing severe penalties for infringement. The shortage of labour thwarted attempts to keep down wages, however, for demand was greater than...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
75 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) Government response to labour shortage and rise in *wages following the arrival of the *Black Death ( 1349 ); aimed to freeze wages at pre-plague levels. Kirsten Anne Fenton A. Musson , ‘Reconstructing English Labour Laws: A Medieval Perspective’, in The Middle Ages at Work , ed. K. Robertson et al . (2004), 113–32. B. Putnam , The Enforcement of the Statutes of Labourers During the First Decade after the Black Death, 1349–1359 ...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of (1351)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
173 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour and in June 1349 the council issued an emergency ordinance (23 Edw. III s. 1) imposing restraint. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre-1349 wage levels, which were laid down, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in...

Labourers, Statute of

Labourers, Statute of (1351)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
114 words

..., Statute of ( 1351 ) A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death . It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming expensive. Everyone under the age of 60, except traders, craftsmen, and those with private means, had to work for wages which were set at their various pre‐plague levels. It was made an offence for landless men to seek new masters or to be offered higher wages. The statute was vigorously enforced for several years and caused a great...

Labourers, statute of

Labourers, statute of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
105 words

..., statute of , 1351 . The statute was an early attempt at a wage freeze, rarely a popular policy. The scourge of the Black Death led to an acute shortage of labour. When Parliament met in 1351 there were complaints that ‘out of singular covetise’ wages had risen, and the statute (25 Edw. III s. 1) was passed. Men were to work at pre‐ 1349 wage levels, and masters were forbidden to offer more. Persons below the age of 60 not in employment were not to refuse offers of work. Resentment played a part in the grievances leading to the Peasants' Revolt ...

Statute of Labourers

Statute of Labourers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1351)A statute passed after a large part of the English population had died of the Black Death. It followed an ordinance of 1349 in attempting to prevent labour, now so much scarcer, from becoming ...
Local Government

Local Government   Quick reference

R. W. Hoyle

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,202 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...jail along modern lines. Lancashire proceeded further than most counties by securing a statute in 1798 to constitute the magistracy into a Court of Annual General Sessions, in effect a proto‐county council. It was, however, the 1790s which offered the new activist magistracy both the challenge and the opportunity to create policy. Expenditure on poor rates had been rising, especially in the southern counties, from the 1770s: in 1793–5 the cost of relief soared as labourers faced high prices, food shortages, and unemployment. Overseers, therefore, found...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...legislative defences of labour in the first two decades of the new century, repealing laws like the Elizabethan Statute of Artificers which had allowed for regulation of apprenticeship, wages, and working conditions. *Petitions from wool-combers or framework knitters objecting to such actions in the language of custom and moral economy were dismissed as Jacobinical, in spite of * Byron 's eloquent speech in the House of Lords in their defence [ see *Luddism ]. The way was now open for the development of the characteristic features of commercial and early...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,036 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of rural England and Wales such workhouses were not an option and the employment of the poor remained a matter of providing various occasional tasks to some of those who sought assistance. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries a number of policies of deterrence were placed on the statute book. Under an Act of 1697 those in receipt of poor relief were supposed to have a letter P and the initial of the parish sown to their clothes, but many parishes did not insist on this humiliation; badging was abolished in 1782 . The compulsory apprenticing of...

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy   Reference library

Christoph Bultmann and Christoph Bultmann

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
28,352 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the issue of Israel's ‘return’ to YHWH ( v. 30; cf. 30:1–2 ). It presupposes the prohibition of idols in the Decalogue ( vv. 12–13, 16; cf. 5:8 ) and contains an explicit monotheistic confession ( vv. 35, 39 ). Both these fundamental theological doctrines are being derived from the visual scene of YHWH's revelation at Mount Horeb and presented as an epitome of the Torah. ( 4:1–8 ) Israel's Wisdom Obedience to the ‘statutes and ordinances’ brings with it the promise of life ( v. 1; cf. 30:15–16 ) and is also seen as a condition for the conquest of the promised...

Exodus

Exodus   Reference library

Walter Houston and Walter Houston

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
30,486 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...labourer is not the property of his master. But understandably the writers tend to ignore the distinction. Forced labour was a practice of Israelite kings also, but the biblical tradition has a moral repugnance to it ( 1 Kings 12:18; Jer 22:13 ). v. 11 , the names of the supply cities (see ABD for each, and Redford 1963 ; they are in the east of the Nile Delta) have often been taken as a clue to the historical setting of the Exodus. Rameses is probably the capital of Rameses II, abandoned after his death in 1212 bce . On the other hand, the form of the...

Matthew

Matthew   Reference library

Dale C. Allison, Jr. and Dale C. Allison, Jr.

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
49,867 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., wherein we hear the instructions given to the labourers hired at the early hour and the third hour but not the instructions given to those hired at the sixth and ninth hours. Of these last we are simply told: ‘he [the householder] did the same’. Similar is 27:39–44 , which quotes the mockery of two groups but says of a third: they ‘also taunted him in the same way’. The adverbial use of autou (‘here’) in v. 36 appears only here in Matthew. Does it allude to Gen 22:5 LXX? In the story of the binding of Isaac Abraham says to his servants: ‘Stay here…the...

Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A series of disputes settled by the Supreme Court during the 1880s and 1890s: Chew Heong v. United States, 112 U.S. 536 (1884), argued 30 Oct. 1884, decided 8 Dec. 1884 by vote of 7 to 2, Harlan for ...
labour law

labour law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In its broadest sense, the legal regulation of work: the areas of law that regulate the relationship between workers and their employers, between employers and employee organisations (trade unions), ...
Statute

Statute   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and stocking . Well, better wits have worn plain statute caps. Statute fair A fair legalized by statute as opposed to custom or usage; a hiring fair . Statute of Labourers, The An attempt made in 1351 to fix the rates of wages consequent upon the demand for labour after the black death . It attempted to hold them at their pre-plague levels, and the ensuing discontent helped to bring about the peasants’ revolt . On the statute book Included among the laws of the nation. The statute book is the whole body of the...

Recusants

Recusants   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...from the time of Elizabeth I ( r.1558–1603 ) to those who refused to attend the services of the church of england (from Latin recusare , ‘to refuse’). The term commonly denoted ‘popish recusants’ although properly it included Protestant dissenters. Fines were first exacted under statute in 1552 and 1559 at the rate of 1 shilling per Sunday, but they were raised to the exorbitant sum of £20 per month in 1587 . Fortunately they were intermittently imposed, and the last fines for recusancy were those in 1782 on two Yorkshire labourers and their...

labour legislation

labour legislation   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
376 words

... *Black Death were the Ordinances ( 1349 ) and Statutes of *Labourers ( 1351 ), promulgated by *Edward III to block geographic mobility and resist sharp rises in prices and wages, principally of agricultural workers. Historians have generally agreed that the laws were effectively enforced, curtailing significant wage hikes at least until the English *Peasants ’ Rebellion of 1381 . England was not, however, the only place to make such attempts to halt these post-plague market trends. King John II of France passed more detailed price and wage...

Peasants’ Revolt

Peasants’ Revolt (1381)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
175 words

...unrest caused by repressive legislation, such as the Statute of Labourers ( 1351 ) was brought to a head by the imposition of the poll tax of 1380 . The revolt drew support from artisans, villeins , and the destitute. Men from Kent and Essex, led by Wat Tyler and John Ball , entered London, massacring some merchants and razing the palace of the Duke of Lancaster. The young king Richard II promised the men the abolition of serfdom, cheap land, and free trade. The rebels then occupied the Tower of London and beheaded the Archbishop and the king’s...

Wage Legislation

Wage Legislation   Reference library

Rebecca M. Stein

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,675 words

...political, and legal aspects of the regulation. Internet History Sourcebooks Project . The Edict of Emperor Diocletian of ad 301. < http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/diocletian-control.html > Internet History Sourcebooks Project . Statute of Laborers, 1351. < http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/seth/statute-labourers.html. > Also found in Source Problems in English History , edited by Albert Beebe and Wallace Notestein . New York, 1915. Grossman, Jonathan . U.S. Department of Labor. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938: Maximum Struggle for a Minimum...

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