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St Serapion

Subject: Religion

(d. after 360), Bp. of Thmuis in the Nile delta from c.339. He had been a monk and companion of St Antony. St Athanasius chose him for a difficult mission to the Emp. ...

Serapion, St

Serapion, St (d. after 360)   Reference library

Jonathan Morgan

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
460 words

...dans l’Euchologe de Sérapion’, Questions liturgiques 80 (1999), 374–83. R. Draguet , ‘Une Lettre de Sérapion de Thmuis aux disciples d’Antoine (a.d. 356) en version syriaque et arménienne’, Muséon 64 (1951), 1–25, incl. text and Lat. tr. Eng. edn of Athanasius’ Epp. to Serapion, with introd. and notes, by C. R. B. Shapland (1951). Eng. tr. M. DelCogliano , A. Radde-Gallwitz , and L. Ayres , Works on the Spirit: Athanasius and Didymus (St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2011). A. Peters , OFM, ‘Het Tractaat van Serapion van Thmuis tegen de...

Serapion, St

Serapion, St (d. after 360)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
81 words

..., St ( d. after 360 ), Bp. of Thmuis in the Nile delta from c. 339 . He had been a monk and companion of St Antony . St Athanasius chose him for a difficult mission to the Emp. Constantius and addressed to him a series of letters on the Divinity of the Holy Spirit. Serapion wrote against the Manichees , and a Sacramentary which has come down under his name was probably his compilation. Feast day, 21...

Serapion, St

Serapion, St (d. 211)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
130 words

..., St ( d. 211 ) Bp of Antioch from 199. Though one of the chief theologians of his age, little is known of him. His writings, of which only a few fragments survive, include a letter to Caricus and Pontius against Montanism , a work addressed to one Domninus who had lapsed during persecution, and a letter withdrawing his earlier permission to the Church of Rhossus to read the ‘ Gospel of St Peter ’, on the ground that he had now discovered it to be docetic . Feast day, 30 Oct. The principal ancient authorities are Eusebius , HE 5.19 and 6.12, and...

St Serapion

St Serapion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. after 360), Bp. of Thmuis in the Nile delta from c.339. He had been a monk and companion of St Antony. St Athanasius chose him for a difficult mission to the Emp. Constantius and addressed to him ...
St Serapion

St Serapion  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 211),Bp. of Antioch from 199. Though one of the chief theologians of his age, little is known of him. His writings, of which only a few fragments survive ...
Serapion

Serapion  

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Overview Page
(RE 4)of Antioch (1) (fl. 1st cent. bc), wrote on geography (Cicero ad Attic 2. 6. 1) and astrology, and said that the sun was 18 times the size ...
Izmaragd

Izmaragd  

(from Gr. σμάραγδος, “emerald”), a compendium of ethical instruction compiled in Rus᾽, probably in the early 14th C., initially in 88 chapters. The precepts in Izmaragd, aimed mainly at laymen ...
Der Balyzeh Fragments

Der Balyzeh Fragments  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A few incomplete pages of a Greek papyrus codex discovered at Der Balyzeh in Upper Egypt in 1907. They contain liturgical prayers and a (c..6th-cent.) Creed. The prayers, which have been variously ...
art and architecture: Russian

art and architecture: Russian  

Receiving Christianity only in 988/9, the East Slavic Rus’ expressly appropriated art and architecture based on Byzantine models and elaborated their own styles. Kiev, Novgorod, and Vladimir ...
Titus

Titus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(4th cent.), Bp. of Bostra. He wrote a long treatise against the Manichaeans. In the first part he gives the Christian solution to the problem of evil based on the ideas of Divine Providence and ...
Pneumatomachi

Pneumatomachi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Heretics who denied the full Godhead of the Holy Spirit. They came to the fore in 373, when Eustathius of Sebaste became their leader. They were condemned by Pope Damasus in 374. At its peak, c.380, ...
St Athanasius

St Athanasius  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 296–373)Greek theologian. As bishop of Alexandria he was a consistent upholder of Christian orthodoxy, especially against Arianism. He aided the ascetic movement in Egypt and introduced knowledge ...
Mani

Mani  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There are contradictions among the sources, but it appears that Mani (c.216–76) was born near Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of the Persian Empire, and began teaching in 240. Opposition from the ...
unction

unction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An anointing with oil: kings and priests were to be consecrated with oil (1 Sam. 10: 1 ff.; Lev. 8: 12). Healing with the use of oil is commended by James (5: 14–15). Messiah (‘Christ’) means ...
Holy Spirit

Holy Spirit  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh. The books of the Hagiographa such as Psalms and Proverbs (see BIBLE) are said to have been compiled under the Holy Spirit, ...
Serapion

Serapion (2)(of *Antioch (1))   Reference library

G. J. Toomer and Alexander Jones

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
90 words

... (2) , ( RE 4) of Antioch ( 1 ) (fl. 1st cent. bc ), wrote on geography (Cic. Att. 2. 6. 1), and said that the sun was 18 times the size of the earth. He has been erroneously identified with an astrologer Serapion of Alexandria, and with a much later Serapion who commented on Ptolemy (4) 's Handy Tables . D. Pingree , The Yavanajātaka of Sphujidhvaja 2 (1978), 440-1; A. Tihon , Le ‘Grand Commentaire’ de Théon 1 (1985), 294 ff. G. J. Toomer / Alexander...

Serapion of Vladimir

Serapion of Vladimir   Reference library

Simon Franklin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
177 words

...allusions, although Serapion does reproach his audience for “not hearkening to Basil and Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom” (no. 1) and some of his historical illustrations are possibly derived from Malalas and Josephus Flavius (nos. 4, 5). ed . Serapion Vladimirskij, russkij propovednik XIII veka , ed. E. Petuchov (St. Petersburg 1888). lit . N.K. Gudzij , Gde i kogda protekala literaturnaja dejatel'nost' Serapiona Vladimirskogo? IzvANSRR.OL 11 (1952) 450–56. R. Bogert , On the Rhetorical Style of Serapion Vladimirskij, in Medieval Russian...

Mara bar Serapion, Letter of

Mara bar Serapion, Letter of   Reference library

Ute Possekel

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...bar Serapion, Letter of The Letter is preserved in a single Syriac manuscript. The purported author is among a group from Samosata (in Commagene) being held in exile by the Romans. Mara addresses his young son Serapion and admonishes him to seek wisdom rather than worldly prosperity. He cites Socrates, Pythagoras, and the ‘wise king’ of the Jews as examples. The letter’s historicity and date remain disputed, with estimates ranging from the 70s of the 1st century ad to the 4th century . A setting in the late 2nd or early 3rd century seems most...

Serapion

Serapion   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
290 words

... (Σαραπίων), bishop of Thmuis in Lower Egypt (from ca. 339 ) and saint; died after 362 ; feastday 21 Mar. Formerly head of a colony of monks, Serapion was intimate with St. Antony the Great and linked with Athanasios of Alexandria by friendship, patronage, and correspondence. Serapion's mission to Constantinople in 356 as envoy of Athanasios , with the purpose of countering the Arians and conciliating Constantius II , was a clear failure, since Serapion was soon removed from his see and (probably) exiled. His treatise Against the Manichaeans ...

anaphora

anaphora   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
166 words

...formularies date from the 3rd and 4th cc. ( Apostolic Tradition , Euchologion of Serapion, Apostolic Constitutions , VIII). The texts presently in use were fixed between the 5th and 8th centuries; some, in the Syriac tradition particularly rich in this field, are of more recent origin. We can distinguish two great types of structure: Antiochene-Cappadocian (characteristic anaphorae: St Basil, St John Chrysostom or of the Apostles), and Egyptian (St Mark or St Cyril), depending on whether the epiclesis and the intercessions take place after or before...

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