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St Patrick

Subject: Religion

(5th century) Apostle and patron saint of Ireland. His Confession is the chief source for the events of his life. Of Romano-British parentage, he was captured at the age of 16 by ...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (c.390–c.460)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
95 words

..., St ( c. 390– c. 460 ). Christian missionary bishop of Ireland. The only certain information about St Patrick's life comes from his one surviving letter and from his autobiographical Confession . His authorship of the ancient Irish hymn ‘The Breastplate of St Patrick’ is unlikely. In later legends, he becomes a miracle-worker who drove the snakes out of Ireland. The same legends, concerned to make him the sole ‘apostle of the Irish’, exaggerate the scope of his missionary work. His place of burial was not known, allowing Glastonbury to claim possession...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (5th cent.)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
917 words

...J. H. Todd , St Patrick, Apostle of Ireland (1864); J. B. Bury , The Life of St Patrick and his Place in History (1905); T. F. O'Rahilly , The Two Patricks (Dublin, 1942); L. Bieler , The Life and Legend of St Patrick: Problems of Modern Scholarship (1949); J. Carney , The Problem of St Patrick (Dublin, 1961); D. A. Binchy , ‘Patrick and his biographers: ancient and modern’, Studia Hibernica , 2 (1962), 7–173; R. P. C. Hanson , Saint Patrick: His Origins and Career (Oxford, 1968); D. N. Dumville and others, Saint Patrick a.d ....

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (5th cent.)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
232 words

...that Celestine I ( 422–33 ) sent Palladius to be the ‘first bishop to the Irish believing in Christ’. It is argued that Patrick's mission cannot have been much later than 431; from this the date of his birth is inferred and his death put c. 460 ; others argue that he lived a generation later and died c. 490 . The canons attributed to him and the ‘ Breastplate of St Patrick’ are not his work. Feast day, 17 Mar. See also St Patrick's Purgatory...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (389–c.461)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
92 words

..., St ( c. 389– c. 461 ) The patron saint of Ireland, probably born in western Roman Britain, son of a deacon. Taken captive to Ireland as an adolescent, he escaped after six years and returned there voluntarily to preach the gospel in 432 , after years of study in Gaul. He journeyed first through Ulster and then, it is said, through the whole of Ireland. Many stories, legends, and purported writings of his are current in Ireland. See David Howlett (ed.), The Book of Letters of Saint Patrick the Bishop ...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (c.389–c.461)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
57 words

..., St ( c. 389– c. 461 ) The patron saint of Ireland. Taken captive to Ireland as an adolescent, he returned there voluntarily to preach the gospel in 432 . He journeyed first through Ulster and then, it is said, through the whole of Ireland. Many stories, legends, and purported writings of his are current in...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
83 words

..., St [Na] Saint and bishop. Born around 373 ad , perhaps in Dumbarton, and captured by the Scots in ad 389 . After six years of slavery he went to study under St Martin of Tours before sailing back to Ireland in ad 405 . Here he converted Ulster to Christianity and founded a missionary centre near Armagh; he was buried here following his death in c . ad 463 . Later, when the Irish and Roman churches were in conflict, he was made Ireland's patron...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (?493)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
198 words

...he destroys the idol Crom Cruaich and banishes snakes from the country. The conversion of Ireland to Christianity appears to have occurred within his lifetime, and Patrick records that he baptized thousands in his journeys through Ireland, ordaining clergy and founding churches. The Confessio provides an autobiographical account of his work in Ireland. The Lorica or Breastplate of St Patrick is believed to be of later provenance, and has no historical connection with the...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (c.389–c.461)   Reference library

Audrey MacDonald

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
191 words

..., St ( c. 389– c. 461 ) . Patron saint of Ireland. Born in Britain, in his youth he was seized by raiders and taken to Ireland. In slavery for six years, he was sustained by prayer. Told in a dream of his impending return home, he made his way to the coast and joined a merchant ship, facing many dangers before rejoining his family. In clerical training, he seems to have spent some years in France at the monastery of Lerins and at Auxerre, where he was probably consecrated by St Germanus before embarking on his evangelistic work in Ireland. Despite...

Patrick, St

Patrick, St (5th century)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
67 words

..., St ( 5th century ) Apostle and patron saint of Ireland . His Confession is the chief source for the events of his life. Of Romano-British parentage, he was captured at the age of 16 by raiders and shipped to Ireland as a slave; there he experienced a religious conversion. Escaping after six years, probably to Gaul, he was ordained and returned to Ireland in about 432....

Patrick, St

Patrick, St   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
136 words

..., St ( c. 389– c. 461 ). Patron saint of Ireland. Born in Britain, in his youth he was seized by raiders and taken to Ireland. In slavery for six years, he was sustained by prayer. Told in a dream of his impending return home, he made his way to the coast and joined a merchant ship, facing many dangers before rejoining his family. In clerical training, he seems to have spent some years in France, where he was probably consecrated by St Germanus before embarking on his evangelistic work in Ireland. Often at risk, he was fearlessly determined to destroy...

St Patrick

St Patrick (fl. 5th cent.)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
79 words

...0St St Patrick fl. 5th cent. patron saint and Apostle of Ireland, of Roman o- British parentage Today I put on a terrible strength invoking the Trinity, confessing the Three with faith in the one. ‘St Patrick's Breastplate’, traditionally attributed to St Patrick; see Alexander invoking the Trinity invoking the trinity confessing the three Christ beside me, Christ before me, Christ behind me, Christ within me, Christ beneath me, Christ above me. ‘St Patrick's Breastplate’ Christ beside me Christ beside ...

St Patrick

St Patrick (fl. 5th cent.)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
84 words

...00St St Patrick fl. 5th cent. Patron saint and Apostle of Ireland, of Roman o- British parentage Today I put on a terrible strength invoking the Trinity, confessing the Three with faith in the one as I face my Maker. ‘St Patrick's Breastplate’, traditionally attributed to St Patrick; see alexander invoking the Trinity invoking the trinity confessing the three Christ beside me, Christ before me, Christ behind me, Christ within me, Christ beneath me, Christ above me. ‘St Patrick's Breastplate’ Christ beside me Christ beside ...

St Patrick's Purgatory

St Patrick's Purgatory   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
82 words

... Patrick's Purgatory . A place of pilgrimage on Station Island, Lough Derg, Co. Donegal, where Christ is supposed to have revealed to St Patrick an entrance to purgatory and the earthly paradise. The first recorded visit dates from the mid-12th cent.; various knights made pilgrimages in the 14th and 15th cents., and from the 16th cent. pilgrims of all classes were drawn by Patrick's promise of a plenary indulgence to all who visited the sanctuary in penitence and...

St Patrick's Purgatory

St Patrick's Purgatory   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
360 words

...St Patrick's Purgatory . Since the 12th cent., a place of pilgrimage on Station Island, Lough Derg, Co. Donegal, where Christ is supposed to have revealed to St Patrick an entrance to purgatory and the earthly paradise. The earliest recorded visit, by an Irish knight named Owein c. 1146 / 7 , is reported by the Cistercian H[enry] of Sawtrey (or Saltrey) c. 1180–4 in the Tractatus de Purgatorio Sancti Patricii . Widely copied and translated, this text motivated occasional visits to the Purgatory by knightly pilgrims from different countries in the...

St Patrick's cathedral

St Patrick's cathedral   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
279 words

... Patrick's cathedral , Dublin, the ‘national’ cathedral of the Church of Ireland , originally the site of a pre‐ Norman parish church immediately outside the city walls. Archbishop John Cumin built a collegiate church here which was dedicated in 1192 . In 1213 , after a disagreement with the dean and chapter of Christ Church , Archbishop Henry of London advanced St Patrick's to cathedral status, and began to rebuild the church on a grander scale. In 1300 rivalry between the two cathedrals was ended with a papal decree recognizing the supremacy of...

St. Patrick's Day

St. Patrick's Day   Reference library

Gary Allen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... Patrick's Day American St. Patrick's Day has been described as “ Eiresatz : a sentimental slur of imagined memories, fine feeling and faux Irish talismans and traditions” ( Dezell , 2000 , p. 17). It is a festival of soda bread, corned beef and cabbage, cardboard shamrocks, green hats, bagels, and beer. In Ireland, St. Patrick's Day is a religious holiday, but here it has become an Americanized spectacle. The Irish immigrated to the United States in two distinct waves. In the early eighteenth century, a relatively small number of Scotch-Irish, mostly...

Purgatory, St Patrick’s

Purgatory, St Patrick’s   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
85 words

...St Patrick’s Refers to a cave or deep pit on an island in Lough Derg, Ireland. It became a place of *pilgrimage and was made famous by Henry of Saltrey ’s Tractatus de Purgatorio and the vernacular translations that ensued, including *Marie de France ’s Espurgatoire seint Patriz . Sarah Jane Murray M. Haren and Y. de Pontfarcy , The Medieval Pilgrimage to St Patrick’s Purgatory: Lough Derg and the European Tradition (1988). J. Le Goff , The Birth of Purgatory , tr. A. Goldhammer (French original, 1981)...

St. Patrick’s Day

St. Patrick’s Day   Reference library

John Holl

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
678 words
Illustration(s):
2

.... Patrick’s Day Observed and held annually on March 17 to honor the patron saint of Ireland, St. Patrick’s Day is a citywide celebration most publically marked by a parade along Fifth Avenue. St. Patrick’s Day celebrations in New York are documented since at least the mid-eighteenth century, when colonial newspapers posted announcements that Irish colonists would gather at certain taverns to mark the day. In the 1760s, the New York Mercury reported a celebration of the playing of “fifes and drums, which produced a very agreeable harmony.” In the first half of...

Breastplate of St Patrick

Breastplate of St Patrick   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
45 words

...of St Patrick . An Old Irish hymn familiar in the translation beginning ‘I bind unto myself today / The strong Name of the Trinity’. It has been dated to the early 8th cent. The ascription to St Patrick is impossible on linguistic...

St Patrick for Ireland

St Patrick for Ireland   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Literature
Length:
53 words

... Patrick for Ireland ( 1640 ), a play by the English dramatist James Shirley , then in Dublin, and the first to take Irish history for its subject-matter. On his arrival in Ireland, St Patrick converts a nobleman called Dichu, whose sons are then condemned to death by King Loegarius. Archimagus, the druid saves...

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