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St Macrina

Subject: Religion

(c.327–80), sister of St Basil the Great and of St Gregory of Nyssa. She is known as ‘Macrina the Younger’ to distinguish her from ‘Macrina the Elder’, her paternal grandmother. ...

Macrina, St

Macrina, St (c.327–80)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
53 words

..., St ( c. 327–80 ), sister of St Basil the Great and of St Gregory of Nyssa . She is known as ‘Macrina the Younger’ to distinguish her from ‘Macrina the Elder’, her paternal grandmother. She established a flourishing religious community on the family estate in Pontus. Feast day, 19...

Macrina, St

Macrina, St (327–80)   Reference library

Crina Gschwandtner

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
237 words

..., St ( c . 327–80 ) The elder sister of Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa. She is sometimes known as ‘Macrina the Younger’ to distinguish her from ‘Macrina the Elder’, her paternal grandmother. By her strength of character she exercised a deep influence upon her brothers, esp. in winning Basil from a promising secular career for the Christian priesthood. She also established a flourishing community on the family estate in Pontus. The chief source for knowledge of her life is Gregory of Nyssa’s Vita Macrinae Junioris , which also preserves a vivid...

St Macrina

St Macrina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.327–80), sister of St Basil the Great and of St Gregory of Nyssa. She is known as ‘Macrina the Younger’ to distinguish her from ‘Macrina the Elder’, her paternal grandmother. She established a ...
Macrina the Elder

Macrina the Elder  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 340).A disciple of Gregory the Wonderworker, she was a Christian witness to the faith who went into exile during persecution. There in Pontus she and her husband suffered hunger, deprivation, and ...
St Gregory Thaumaturgus

St Gregory Thaumaturgus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.213–c.270), Church Father. He was converted to Christianity by Origen in Caesarea. Soon after his return to Neocaesarea in Pontus, his native city, he became its bishop. In 264–5 he took part in ...
Gregory the Wonderworker

Gregory the Wonderworker  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.213–270),bishop. This important and charismatic bishop, who links the time of the persecutions with that of the Cappadocian Fathers, has no satisfactory Life and few authentic works. From the ...
Basil, St, ‘the Great’

Basil, St, ‘the Great’  

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(c.330–79 [or possibly slightly earlier]), one of the three Cappadocian Fathers. The brother of St Gregory of Nyssa, he settled as a hermit near Neocaesarea in 358; he left his retirement only when ...
Gregory of Nyssa

Gregory of Nyssa  

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Religion
(c.330–395),bishop. Born at Caesarea (Cappadocia), the younger brother of Basil, he was given an excellent education at Athens, became a rhetorician, and married. After some disillusionment with his ...
Gregory of Nyssa, St

Gregory of Nyssa, St (c.330–c.395)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
218 words

...influenced by the ‘Great Letter’ of Macarius/Simeon ), and a Life of his sister, St Macrina . He was an ardent defender of the Nicene doctrine of the Trinity, and he distinguished carefully between the generation of the Son and the procession of the Holy Spirit. In his account of the Atonement he uses, perhaps for the first time, the simile of the fish-hook by which the devil was caught. Feast day, in the E., 10 Jan.; in the W., 9 Mar. (in CW, with Macrina, 19...

Macrina the Younger

Macrina the Younger   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
530 words

... P.G. , xlvi. 959–1000 and in V. W. Callahan, Gregorii Nysseni Opera , viii, part 1 (1952), 347–414; Latin version in AA.SS. Iul. IV (1725), 589–604; Eng. tr. by W. K. L. Clarke (1916) and V. W. Callahan, St Gregory of Nyssa, Ascetical Works (1967), 159–91; A. E. D. van Loveren , ‘Once again: The Monk and the Martyr; St Antony and St Macrina ’, Studia Patristica , ii (1982), 528–38; J. Daniélou ‘La résurrection des corps chez Grégoire de Nysse’, Vigiliae Christianae , vii (1953), 154–70. See also B.L.S. , iii....

Zernov, Nicolas

Zernov, Nicolas (1898–1980)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
251 words

...and later in Paris. He studied in Oxford (1930–2) and in 1934 settled in England. From 1934 to 1947 he was secretary of the Fellowship of St Alban and St Sergius . In 1947 he was appointed first Spalding lecturer in E. Orthodox culture in the University of Oxford, a post he held until his retirement in 1966. In Oxford in 1959 he founded, and became the first warden of, the House of St Gregory and St Macrina. This was designed to provide a point of meeting between Christians of E. and W. traditions, with a library, residential accommodation for students...

Gregory of Nyssa

Gregory of Nyssa (331)   Reference library

J. Warren Smith

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...was here that Gregory buried his parents (Gregory of Nyssa, 2nd Homily on the Forty Martyrs , 8–9; VMacr 34). Unlike Basil, whom their parents sent to Athens to be trained in rhetoric , Gregory received no formal schooling. His only education came from his elder sister, Macrina the Younger , who, after the death of their father, turned the family estate in Pontus into a monastic community. Largely self-taught, Gregory acquired advanced knowledge of philosophy and rhetoric and planned to teach rhetoric like his father. In 371, however, Basil, seeking...

Basil, Rule of S.

Basil, Rule of S.   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...document of that name, but referring essentially to the Asketikon of S. Basil of Caesarea , a book of catecheses on living the Christian ascetic life in community, i.e. coenobitic (common-life) monasticism . Influenced by the ascetic community of his older sister S. Macrina , Basil’s thinking on the coenobitic life matured in the period 363–5, which he spent in Pontus touring the ascetic communities, encouraging them to leave aside freelance enthusiasm and commit themselves to a comprehensive, disciplined obedience to the divine commands in...

Basil the Great

Basil the Great   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
871 words

...the Great ( c. 330–79 ), bishop of Caesarea , Doctor of the Church. He was a theologian of distinction, a monastic founder, and a diocesan bishop of extraordinary ability. He was born of a distinguished and pious family: his grandmother Macrina the Elder , his mother and father, his sister Macrina the Younger , his brothers Gregory of Nyssa and Peter of Sebaste were all saints. Basil enjoyed the best education available, at Caesarea, Constantinople, and Athens. Here he became a close friend of the future saint Gregory of Nazianzus . Basil became a...

Gregory the Wonderworker

Gregory the Wonderworker   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
502 words

...these included altering the course of a river, drying up a swamp, and moving a mountain. Evidently such stories have lost nothing in the telling; more credible are his success in converting the pagans and his skill in clear exposition of the Christian faith, memorized by Macrina the Elder and passed on to her children and grandchildren. Basil also described Gregory's characteristics: reverence and recollection in prayer, simplicity and modesty in speech, and the elimination of lies, falsehood, anger, and bitterness. The problems faced by this pioneer...

Gregory Thaumaturgus, St

Gregory Thaumaturgus, St (213–c.270)   Reference library

Mark Edwards

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
658 words

...material as well as an account of Origen’s teaching methods. The Ἔκθεσις τῆς Πίστεως ‎ (his authorship of which is now contested) is a Trinitarian exposition of belief, the basis of his instructions to catechumens. Acc. to Gregory of Nyssa , whose grandmother Macrina had been instructed by Gregor Thaumaturgus, it was given to him in a vision by John the Apostle , at the command of the BVM, the first known instance of a record of a Marian apparition. His Ἐπιστολὴ Κανονική ‎ contains much information on the penitential discipline of the...

Basil, rule of St

Basil, rule of St   Reference library

Brian Matz

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
927 words

...and answers on the monastic life, which originated both in the context of his own monastic retreat in Pontus, in the context of the community organized by his siblings, Macrina and Peter, at Annisa, and in questions put to him by laity during his travels. The earliest form of these questions and answers (called the ‘Short Asceticon’), which seems to have numbered 203 in the text’s final form, was most likely composed in 366 and now exists only in a Lat. translation made by Rufinus in 397 (called Regula Basilii ), a Syriac translation, and in a few Gk...

Gregory of Nyssa, St

Gregory of Nyssa, St (330–c.395)   Reference library

Morwenna Ludlow

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,324 words

...of the Christian vocation to an Origenist understanding of the soul as the bride of Christ. De Instituto Christiano was almost certainly influenced by the ‘Great Letter’ of Makarios/Symeon , with its Messalian undertones. He also wrote an attractive Life of his sister Macrina. Many of his sermons, funeral orations, and letters have also survived. He was an ardent defender of the Nicene dogma of the Trinity, and distinguished carefully between the generation of the Son and the procession of the Holy Spirit. The second person of the Trinity was...

Basil of Caesarea

Basil of Caesarea (330–378)   Reference library

Anna Silvas and Andrea Sterk

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Pontus Polemoniacus . His paternal grandmother, Macrina the Elder, had been taught by disciples of Gregory Thaumaturgus (the Wonderworker), the great apostle of Cappadocia and Pontus who had been a pupil of Origen and became Bishop of Neocaesarea around ad 240. Basil increasingly identified his family with the theological tradition of Gregory the Wonderworker. Basil’s eight siblings included his younger brothers, Gregory of Nyssa and Peter II of Sebaste , both of whom became bishops; and Macrina the Younger , who spearheaded the family’s zeal for...

Basil, St, ‘the Great’

Basil, St, ‘the Great’ (330–78)   Reference library

Johannes Zachhuber

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,064 words

...St, ‘the Great’ ( c . 330–78 ) One of the most influential figures in the E. Church, Basil was born into a wealthy Cappadocian family that had been Christian for several generations. Among his siblings, two more were recognized as saints, Macrina the Younger and Gregory of Nyssa . Basil received an outstanding classical education at Caesarea in Cappadocia, Constantinople , and Athens . After his studies, he seems to have initially taught rhetoric in Caesarea (355–6), but soon chose the life of an ascetic on his parental estate in the Pontus. During...

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