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St Celestine V

Subject: Religion

(c.1215–96), Pope from July to Dec. 1294. He became a Benedictine at the age of 17, but retired to Monte Morrone, where the many disciples who gathered round him became the ...

Celestine V, St

Celestine V, St (1215–96)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
96 words

... V, St ( c. 1215–96 ), Pope from July to Dec. 1294 . He became a Benedictine at the age of 17, but retired to Monte Morrone, where the many disciples who gathered round him became the nucleus of the Celestine Order . Elected Pope when he was nearly 80, he was naïve and ignorant of procedure and became a tool of Charles II of Naples ; he abdicated. He is often known as St Peter Celestine from his baptismal name of Peter. Feast day, 19 May, no longer in the calendar of the universal...

Celestine V, St

Celestine V, St (1215–96)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
323 words

...Celestine V, St ( c. 1215–96 ) , founder of the Celestine Order and, for some months in 1294 , Pope. At the age of 17 he became a Benedictine , but his love of solitude led him to retire to Monte Morrone in the Abruzzi, where the many disciples who collected around him became the nucleus of the Celestine Order. He became very celebrated as an ascetic and seems to have had some connections with the widespread religious movement of which the ‘ Spiritual Franciscans ’ were a part. When nearly 80 he was elected Pope on 5 July 1294 , through an impasse...

Celestine V, St Peter

Celestine V, St Peter   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Popes (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,421 words

... Celestine V, St Peter (5 July– 13 Dec. 1294 : d. 19 May 1296 ) After Nicholas IV 's death the papal throne remained vacant for 27 months, with the twelve cardinals, split by family and personal rather than political animosities, unable to reach the required two-thirds majority. Twice several of them abandoned turbulent Rome and its unhealthy heat; in 1293 the cardinals of the Colonna family who stayed behind made a fruitless attempt to carry through an election on their own. In Oct. 1293 , however, the conclave reassembled at Perugia, and...

St Celestine V

St Celestine V  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1215–96), Pope from July to Dec. 1294. He became a Benedictine at the age of 17, but retired to Monte Morrone, where the many disciples who gathered round him became the nucleus of the Celestine ...
Celestine Order

Celestine Order  

A congregation of the Benedictine Order, founded by the future Celestine V at Monte Morrone in Central Italy. Established in 1259, the abbey secured Papal approval in 1263 and the Order was ...
Iacopo Gaetano Stefaneschi

Iacopo Gaetano Stefaneschi  

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Literature
(c. 1270–1343).A cardinal who wrote two works in Latin—Opus metricum, a poem on Celestine V, and De centesimo seu jubileo anno liber, a prose account of the Jubilee of ...
Peter Celestine

Peter Celestine  

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Subject:
Religion
(1210–96),monk and founder of the Celestine Order and pope. As the only pope in history who voluntarily abdicated, at the age of over eighty and after a reign of only a few months, he has a unique ...
Iacopone da Todi

Iacopone da Todi  

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Subject:
Literature
(1236–1306).Umbrian poet and mystic. Destined for the law, he is said to have undergone a conversion in 1268 when his wife died and was found to be wearing a ...
Celestine II

Celestine II  

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Religion
(26 Sept. 1143–8 Mar. 1144)Originally Guido of Città di Castello, in Umbria, son of aristocratic parents, pupil and lifelong admirer of the philosopher and theologian Peter Abelard (1079–1142) and ...
angelic pope

angelic pope  

The papa angelicus, or pastor angelicus, appears in medieval apocalyptic literature as one who will inaugurate a new Church and a new world, of perfect sanctity. The first speculations on ...
Pope Boniface VIII

Pope Boniface VIII  

(r. 1294–1303)Born c.1235 into an aristocratic clan of the Campagna, he was the most forceful exponent and representative of papal monarchy in the late 13th century. He studied law ...
Angelo Clareno

Angelo Clareno  

(1247/55–1337)Leading exponent of the Spiritual Franciscans. Angelo vigorously opposed the Conventual wing of the order and was, consequently, persecuted for his strict observance of St Francis’ ...
St Prosper of Aquitaine

St Prosper of Aquitaine  

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Religion
(c.390–c.463), theologian. Prosper Tiro of Aquitania was living at Marseilles when the Semipelagian controversy broke out (426). He wrote to St Augustine, and in 431, after Augustine's death, he went ...
John Baptist Rossi

John Baptist Rossi  

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Religion
(1698–1764),priest of Rome. He was born at Voltaggio (near Genoa) and was educated by a Genoese nobleman. He was sent to the Roman College, but suffered a breakdown due to epilepsy. From this he ...
James of Viterbo

James of Viterbo  

(d. 1308) Pro-papal writer.His tract De regimine Christiano (1302 or slightly later) was the first work of ecclesiology. He was an Augustinian at Paris, supporting Pope Boniface VIII in ...
Jacopone da Todi

Jacopone da Todi  

(c.1230–1306), Franciscan poet. He became a Franciscan lay-brother c.1278. In 1294 he and some others were given permission by Celestine V to live in a separate community, observing the rule of the ...
St Patrick

St Patrick  

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Religion
(5th century)Apostle and patron saint of Ireland. His Confession is the chief source for the events of his life. Of Romano-British parentage, he was captured at the age of 16 by raiders and shipped ...
Clement V

Clement V  

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Religion
(1264–1314), Pope from 1305. Bertrand de Got came of an influential French family. His policy was largely subservient to French influence, which increased when he fixed the Papal residence at Avignon ...
conclave

conclave  

In the Roman Catholic Church, the assembly of cardinals for the election of a pope; the meeting place for such an assembly. The word is recorded from late Middle English (denoting a private room) and ...
Spiritual Franciscans

Spiritual Franciscans  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Before St Francis's death two groups of Franciscans could be distinguished: (1) those who wanted to mitigate the rule of poverty and remodel the Order, and (2) those later known as ‘Zealots’ or ...

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