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Sombhu Mitra

(1915–97) Bengali actor and director. Mitra joined the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association and co-directed the harbinger of the new drama movement, Nabanna (New Harvest, ...

Mitra, Sombhu

Mitra, Sombhu   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
212 words

..., Sombhu ( 1915–97 ) Bengali actor and director . Mitra joined the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association and co-directed the harbinger of the new drama movement, Nabanna ( New Harvest , 1944 ) by *Bhattacharya . In 1945 he married Tripti Mitra , who also acted in IPTA productions, and both left to form their own group, Bohurupee, in 1948 . He directed several *Tagore classics, beginning with an adaptation of the novel Four Chapters ( 1951 ), and continuing with the plays Red Oleander ( 1954 ), Muktadhara ( 1959 ), Sacrifice ( 1961...

Mitra, Sombhu

Mitra, Sombhu (1915–97)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
656 words

...and ability to execute a director's conception of a play in its totality—all of which contributed to make him the foremost actor and director of modern Bengali theatre. A good part of his deserved reputation rests on his Sombhu Mitra as Jaysingha and Tripti Mitra as Gunabati in Rabindranath Tagore 's Bisarjan , dircted by Sombhu Mitra (Bohurupee, Calcutta, 1961 ) magnificent productions of many of *Tagore 's major plays, considered till then unstageable because of their symbolism, new dramatic language, and rejection of established norms of Bengali...

Mitra, Sombhu

Mitra, Sombhu   Reference library

Ananda Lal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
382 words

..., Sombhu ( 1915–97 ) Bengali actor and director. After an apprenticeship on Calcutta's ( Kolkata ) commercial stage ( 1939–43 ), where he learnt the techniques of professional acting and production, he joined the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association and co-directed the harbinger of the new drama movement, Nabanna ( New Harvest , 1944 ) by Bijon Bhattacharya . In 1945 he married Tripti Mitra , who also acted in IPTA productions, and both left to eventually form their own group, Bohurupee, in 1948 . Under Mitra's leadership, Bohurupee became...

Sombhu Mitra

Sombhu Mitra  

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Overview Page
(1915–97)Bengali actor and director. Mitra joined the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association and co-directed the harbinger of the new drama movement, Nabanna (New Harvest, 1944) by Bhattacharya. ...
Tripti Mitra

Tripti Mitra  

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(1925–89)Bengali actress and director. She performed in plays by Bijon Bhattacharya, some of them for the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association, including his trailblazing Nabanna (New Harvest, ...
Bengali theatre

Bengali theatre  

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Overview Page
Bengali, called Bangla by native speakers, is the mother tongue of 100 million people in Bangladesh, 70 million in West Bengal, and 2 million in Tripura (both states in eastern ...
Bijon Bhattacharya

Bijon Bhattacharya  

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(1915–78)Bengali dramatist and actor. Born in the countryside of what is now Bangladesh, he saw rural life at first hand, using this knowledge as primary material. Moving to Calcutta ...
Indian People's Theatre Association

Indian People's Theatre Association  

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Society of performing artists formed at communist initiative in ‘defence of culture against Fascism and Imperialism’, in the organization's own words, and to make art ‘at once the expression and ...
Calcutta

Calcutta  

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Overview Page
Was founded on 24 August 1690 by Job Charnock of the English East India Company at Kalikata on the banks of the Hooghly river in Bengal. It grew quickly as Bengal displaced Madras as the company's ...
Roy, Kumar

Roy, Kumar (1926)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
309 words

...in Sircar 's Pagla ghora (‘Mad Horse’, 1971 ). To Kumar Roy with Tripti Mitra in Badal Sircar 's Baki itihas , directed by Sombhu Mitra (Bohurupee, Calcutta, 1967 ) these were added the lead roles in Brecht 's Galileo ( 1980 ) and Manoj *Mitra 's Rajdarshan ( An Encounter with Royalty , 1982 ), which he directed. After the Mitras' departure, Roy directed most Bohurupee productions, bearing its stamp of overall competence and finish. His first three attempts succeeded consecutively— *Sudraka 's Mrichchhakatika ( The Little Clay Cart...

Bohurupee

Bohurupee   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
376 words

...who left the *Indian People's Theatre Association ( IPTA ). With Monoranjan Bhattacharya as guide-philosopher and Sombhu *Mitra as inspiring teacher, the still-unnamed group revived Bijon *Bhattacharya 's Nabanna (‘New Harvest’) in 1948 and staged Tulsi *Lahiri 's Pathik (‘Wayfarer’) in 1949 . It attracted many young people who later became well-known theatre personalities: Khaled *Choudhury , Tapas *Sen , Tripti *Mitra , Kumar *Roy . The group named itself Bohurupee in 1950 and formed a tentative organizational framework. After a few...

Mitra, Tripti

Mitra, Tripti   Reference library

Ananda Lal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
213 words

..., Tripti ( 1925–89 ) Bengali actress and director. She performed in plays by Bijon Bhattacharya , some of them for the leftist Indian People's Theatre Association , including his trailblazing Nabanna ( New Harvest , 1944 ), co-directed by Sombhu Mitra , whom she married the following year. She joined him to form the pioneering Bengali troupe Bohurupee in 1947 and stayed on as its leading lady until 1979 , mostly acting opposite her husband in a wide variety of classic roles from Sophocles to Tagore . Her virtuosity was unparalleled in...

Mitra, Tripti

Mitra, Tripti (1925–1989)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
520 words

..., Tripti ( 1925–1989 ), stage and film actress and director in Bangla and Hindi. Born in Thakurgaon (modern Bangladesh), Tripti Mitra, née Bhaduri , emerged as an activist‐actress in 1943 in war‐torn and famine‐stricken Bengal of British India. When few middle‐class women dared to perform in public, Mitra joined the Indian People's Theatre Association, the cultural wing of the Communist Party of India. Married to her fellow actor–director Sombhu Mitra in 1945 , she founded an independent theater group, Bohurupee, with him in 1948 . Their home nurtured...

Choudhury, Khaled

Choudhury, Khaled (1919)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
325 words

...Khaled ( 1919 – ): eminent Bengali scenographer , who became one almost by accident when Sombhu *Mitra asked him to design and make the set for *Tagore 's Rakta-karabi ( Red Oleander ) staged by *Bohurupee in 1954 . An adept painter, sketcher, and musician, he also devised special musical instruments for Rakta-karabi . Since then, he has imaginatively designed and supervised construction for over fifty productions by leading Calcutta groups, including some of Bohurupee's historic interpretations of Tagore and Badal *Sircar . He was...

Mitra, Tripti

Mitra, Tripti (1925–89)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
383 words

..., Tripti (nee Bhaduri, 1925–89 ): foremost actress of contemporary *Bengali theatre . She first acted in her cousin Bijon *Bhattacharya 's play Agun (‘Fire’) in 1943 , became a member of the *Indian People's Theatre Association ( IPTA ), and acted in its productions of Bhattacharya's Jabanbandi (‘Testimonial’) and Nabanna (‘New Harvest’) the following year. She married Sombhu *Mitra , co-director of Nabanna , in 1945 and left IPTA in 1947 to join his group *Bohurupee , formed in 1948 . She also entered Hindi movies, essaying intense...

Lahiri, Tulsi

Lahiri, Tulsi (1897–1959)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
250 words

... did his play Mayer dabi (‘Mother's Claim’, 1941 ) on the commercial stage, followed by Sisir Kumar *Bhaduri with Duhkhir iman (‘Honour of the Hapless’, 1946 ). *Bohurupee produced Pathik (‘Wayfarer’, 1949 ) and Chhenra tar (‘Snapped String’, 1950 ) under Sombhu *Mitra 's direction. Sabitabrata *Dutta staged Banglar mati (‘Soil of Bengal’, 1956 ) and Natyakar (‘Dramatist’, 1957 ) for Rupakar. Lahiri acted frequently in theatre, in about fifty films, and directed eleven; he wrote, scored, and performed in Thikadar (‘Contractor’, ...

Bhattacharya, Bidhayak

Bhattacharya, Bidhayak (1907–86)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
216 words

... Jhansir Rani (‘Rani of Jhansi’, 1954 ) and Jugabatar Sri Ramkrishna (‘Ramakrishna, Avatar of the Age’, 1954 ). His one-act *radio drama Tahar namti Ranjana (‘Her Name Was Ranjana’) remains a perennial choice for broadcast because of the excellent acting of Sombhu and Tripti *Mitra . Himself a noted actor, Bhattacharya was also an able singer in his youth....

Bhattacharya, Bijon

Bhattacharya, Bijon   Reference library

Ananda Lal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
250 words

...which staged his first full-length drama, Nabanna ( New Harvest , 1944 ). The prototype of contemporary Bengali theatre , it showed with stark realism the disastrous effects of the recent Bengal famine in which millions perished. Bhattacharya directed it jointly with Sombhu Mitra , and the production was a huge popular success in urban Bengal. Bhattacharya started his own group, Calcutta Theatre, in 1951 with his play Mara Chand ( Dead Moon ). He wrote fifteen major plays; the others include Gotrantar ( Change of Caste , 1959 ), on east Bengali...

Chakraborty, Bibhash

Chakraborty, Bibhash (1937)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
337 words

...presence of Sombhu *Mitra , Utpal *Dutt , and Ajitesh *Bandopadhyay . Born in Sylhet, east Bengal, he began as an acting trainee in *Bohurupee , soon joining Nandikar on Bandopadhyay's invitation in 1963 . Here his acting and directorial capabilities received exposure, but he fully blossomed with Theatre Workshop, which broke away from Nandikar in 1966 . Some of his best performances in both capacities were recorded in original drama by Theatre Workshop: Mohit *Chattopadhyaya 's Rajrakta (‘Royal Blood’, 1971 ), Manoj *Mitra 's Chakbhanga...

Bandopadhyay, Ajitesh

Bandopadhyay, Ajitesh (1933–83)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
551 words

...was active in the Communist Party of India and, through it, the *Indian People's Theatre Association (IPTA). His achievement was such that within six or seven years, by the mid-1960s, he was often mentioned in the same breath as the two leading lights of *Bengali theatre , Sombhu *Mitra and Utpal *Dutt , then at the height of their popularity and renown. Bandopadhyay formed his group Nandikar in 1960 and severed links with IPTA in 1962 . Significantly, it debuted with an adaptation of Ibsen's Ghosts , an indication of the way he led Nandikar to...

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