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Overview

situation

The objective set of conditions towards which a person acts or reacts.

Situationism

Situationism   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
214 words

...direct democracy, and its maximalist urge to transform everyday life all bore the imprint of Situationism, itself influenced by Surrealism and Hegelian Marxism . That imprint first became manifest with the foundation of the Situationist International in 1957 to propagate political ideas and cultural practice, seen as indissociable. But by 1972 the Situationist International had dissolved itself, seeing the age of the artistic avant‐garde as over. Situationism forms an important pre‐text for Lyotard and Baudrillard , though its adherents would...

Situationism

Situationism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...well as the philosophy underpinning it derives from Jean-Paul Sartre ’s concept of the situation read as an answer to Henri Lefebvre ’s injunction in his critiques of everyday life that change can only be radical if it is engineered at a grassroots level. Creating new and surprising situations through art was its means of challenging the orthodoxy of everyday life and countering its alienations (in Marx ’s sense of the word). The principal thesis of Situationism was that art prefigures or anticipates what is possible in the social. This idea, which...

Situationism

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A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
222 words

... The ideas and practices associated with the Situationist International, a small but influential avant-garde movement active in Western Europe 1957–72 . They blended Marxism , surrealism, and other intellectual currents with particular reference to urban space and urbanism . Although they shared the Left’s critique of hierarchical power relations, they also sought revolutionary change in everyday life and its spaces. The most well-known figure, Guy Debord, wrote La société du spectacle ( 1967 ) in which he critiqued the colonization of everyday...

Situationism

Situationism   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
550 words

... A meaningless term, according to the Situationist International (SI, 1957–72 ), which contended in the first issue of their journal, Internationale situationniste , that “There is no such thing as situationism, which would mean a doctrine for interpreting existing conditions.” The Situationist International, founded in 1957 by Michèle Bernstein , Constant, Guy Debord and Asger Jorn , among others, was a European avant-garde collective which united a sophisticated neo-Marxist political critique with aesthetic experimentation. It critiqued...

situationism

situationism noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
24 words
situationism

situationism noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
situationism

situationism noun   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
situationism

situationism noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
48 words
situationism

situationism noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
83 words
Situationism

Situationism  

A small, influential and highly politicized artistic movement founded in 1957, from the remnants of two previous Avant-garde groups, the Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus (led by Asger Jorn, who had ...
situational

situational   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... Relating to, or determined by, the situation . •• situational context : see extralinguistic . •• situational meaning : see interpersonal . •• situational recoverability : see recoverability...

situation

situation   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... The objective set of conditions towards which a person acts or...

situation

situation   Reference library

Garner's Modern English Usage (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
202 words

...to cover any situation. . . . The operator explains, Yes, we know, everyone’s having the same trouble—we’re in a slow-talk situation . A radio report says that the weather does not permit a helicopter to maintain a landing situation . Two people in a fight are in a conflict situation . The result of no rain is a drought situation . The nice thing about situation is that you can add it to any self-sufficient action noun: crime situation , inflation situation , strike situation , attack situation , retreat situation .” Dwight Bolinger , ...

situation

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A Dictionary of Logic

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
150 words

... A semantic device intended to capture the intuitive notion of a ‘state of affairs’, a ‘scene’, or a part of a possible world . As a semantic tool, situations were popularized by philosophers John Perry ( 1943 – ) and Jon Barwise ( 1942–2000 ), who maintained that sets of situations ( i.e. , situation-types) gave an appropriate account of the referents of sentences. As semantic objects, situations were initially taken to differ from possible worlds only insofar as situations were incomplete, that is, for a situation s there may exist sentences φ ...

situation

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A Dictionary of Geography (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... The location of a phenomenon, such as a town, in relation to other phenomena, such as other towns. Compare with site...

situation

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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
59 words

... 1. Whatever it is that a sentence may describe. Thus a state , as described by She is fast asleep , can be distinguished from an event , as described by It fell over yesterday ; an activity from an accomplishment or an achievement, and so on, in whatever detail may be needed. 2. See context of situation...

situation

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The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... 1. The extra-linguistic context of language. 2. Semantics . A cover term for actions, events, states, processes, etc. 1976 B. COMRIE In discussing aspect, it is often necessary to refer to the differences between states, events, processes, etc.…However, while ordinary nontechnical language provides, with a limited amount of systematisation, a metalanguage for these various subdivisions, it does not provide any general term to subsume them all. In the present work the term ‘situation’ is used as this general cover-term, i.e. a situation may be...

situation

situation   Reference library

Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, International Law
Length:
261 words

... It appears that a ‘situation’ is to be distinguished from a dispute . Art. 34 of the U.N. Charter provides that ‘[t]he Security Council may investigate any dispute, or any situation which might lead to international friction or give rise to a dispute, in order to determine whether the continuance of the dispute or situation is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security’. To one authority, a situation ‘is the entirety of events, circumstances and relations between actors concerned. A “dispute” is a “situation” too; in this...

situation

situation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A term introduced by Jean-Paul Sartre in L’Être et le néant ( 1943 ), translated as Being and Nothingness ( 1958 ), to describe the existential environment in which every subject is immersed. The situation is the complex set of circumstances that taken together form the condition of possibility in which the subject must choose to act or not. Cultural Studies has adopted this term, jettisoning its existential dimension, and used it to distinguish between the opportunities and challenges faced by people in different parts of the world, taking...

Situation

Situation   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
272 words

... (in full, ‘Situation: An Exhibition of British Abstract Painting’ ) . An exhibition staged in September 1960 at the Galleries of the Royal Society of British Artists, London, by a group of predominantly young British painters who were united by their admiration for American Abstract Expressionism . The catalogue listed twenty artists, but only eighteen in fact showed their work. Paintings included had to be totally abstract and at least 30 square feet ( c. 3 sq. m) in size; the name of the exhibition came from the participants’ idea that an...

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