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Sir Seretse Khama

Subject: History

(1921–80) Botswanan statesman, Prime Minister of Bechuanaland 1965 and President of Botswana (1966–80). An heir to the chieftainship of the ruling tribe in Bechuanaland, he was ...

Khama, Sir Seretse

Khama, Sir Seretse (1921–80)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
90 words

..., Sir Seretse ( 1921–80 ) Botswanan statesman, Prime Minister of Bechuanaland 1965 and President of Botswana ( 1966–80 ). An heir to the chieftainship of the ruling tribe in Bechuanaland, he was banished because of opposition to his marriage to an Englishwoman in 1948 . He returned with his wife in 1956 and formed the Democratic Party in 1962 , leading the party to a landslide victory in the elections of 1965 ; he became Botswana’s first President the following year. A strong believer in multiracial democracy, he achieved nationwide free education...

Khama, Sir Seretse

Khama, Sir Seretse (1 July 1921)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
378 words

...Khama, Sir Seretse (b. Serowe, Bechuanaland , 1 July 1921 ; d. Gaberone, Botswana , 13 July 1980 ) President of Botswana 1966–80 Born as the undisputed heir to the Bangwato chieftaincy Seretse was only four years old when his father died and his uncle, Tshekedi, was recognized as regent. His marriage to a white woman, Ruth Williams , in London in 1949 was bitterly opposed by the South African government because it contradicted its own apartheid system. Under pressure from the South Africans the British government banned Khama and his wife from...

Khama, Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri

Khama, Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri (1921–1980)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Khama, Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri ( 1921–1980 ) The president of Botswana between 1966 and 1980 . Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama was born into one of the most powerful royal families in Botswana—then known as the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland—and became Kgosi (king) of the Bamangwato people at the age of 4. However, following his marriage to a British woman, Ruth Williams, he was exiled by the British government in 1951 . He returned in 1956 , at the cost of renouncing his chieftaincy, and founded the Bechuanaland Democratic Party...

Khama, Sir Seretse

Khama, Sir Seretse   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Khama, Sir Seretse

Khama, Sir Seretse   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Khama, Sir Seretse

Khama, Sir Seretse   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
Sir Seretse Khama

Sir Seretse Khama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1921–80)Botswanan statesman, Prime Minister of Bechuanaland 1965 and President of Botswana (1966–80). An heir to the chieftainship of the ruling tribe in Bechuanaland, he was banished because of ...
Quett Ketumile Joni Masire

Quett Ketumile Joni Masire  

(b. 23 July 1925).President of Botswana 1980–98 Born in Kanye, in the southern part of what was then the British Crown Colony of Bechuanaland, he was trained as a teacher in South Africa and returned ...
Patrick Chrestien Gordon Walker

Patrick Chrestien Gordon Walker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Worthing, Sussex, 7 Apr. 1907; d. London, 2 Dec. 1980)British; Foreign Secretary 1964–5; Baron (life peer) 1974 The son of a judge, Gordon Walker was brought up in India and educated at ...
Botswana

Botswana  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Former British protectorate of Bechuanaland. British influence in the region was established by the London Missionary Society and traders operating northward from Cape Colony in the early 19th cent. ...
Khama, Ian

Khama, Ian (1953– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Khama, Ian ( Seretse Khama Ian Khama ) ( 1953–  ) The fourth president of Botswana between 2008 and 2018 . Ian Khama is the son of Botswana’s foremost independence leader and first president, Sir Seretse Khama . A grandson of Sekgoma II, who was king of the Botswanan Bamangwato people, Khama is also of royal heritage. Khama held the post of vice president from 1998 to 2008 after having already served as Commander of the Botswana Defence Force (BDF). From 2003 till his ascension to the presidency, Khama also served as chairman of the ruling ...

Khama, Ian

Khama, Ian (1953)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,162 words

...Khama, Ian ( 1953 – ) , president of Botswana, was born Seretse Khama Ian Khama in Surrey, England, on 27 February 1953 . Khama descends from a long line of Botswanan royalty. Son of Botswana’s first president, Sir Seretse Khama, who himself was the son of Sekgoma II, the paramount chief of the BaNgwato (Bamangwato) people, Ian Khama was also the great-grandson of Khama III, or “Khama the Good,” who made Botswana a British protectorate. The Khama family history is filled with intrigue and taboo; twice did two members take British wives and each time were...

Botswana Democratic Party

Botswana Democratic Party (1961– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...founded by Sir Seretse Khama , who became the country’s first president. The BDP has remained in government ever since, winning a succession of elections and presiding over a period of consistently high economic growth that has seen the country rise to middle-income status. The BDP has often been lauded for effectively managing the country’s diamond wealth and preserving a multiparty system throughout the 1970s and 1980s, when many other African states were establishing one-party states or military rule. However, under the leadership of Ian Khama ( 2008–18...

Botswana

Botswana   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
940 words

...Union of South Africa, which was formed in 1910 . Chiefs such as Tshekedi Khama and Bathoen II campaigned vigorously against this planned incorporation. Botswana attained independence in 1966 with Sir Seretse Khama as president from 1966 to 1980 . Seretse was a pro-democracy leader at a time when much of the African continent fell under one-party rule and military dictatorships. Although the Botswana economy was heavily dependent on apartheid South Africa, Seretse Khama and his successor Ketumile Masire ( 1980–1998 ) avoided establishing diplomatic...

Fawcus, Peter

Fawcus, Peter (1915)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
939 words

...that Fawcus had been fired for his pro-Botswana commitment. [ See also Bathoen II Seepapitso Gaseitsiwe ; Khama, Seretse ; and Khama, Tshekedi .] bibliography Fawcus, Peter , and Alan Tilbury . Botswana: The Road to Independence . Gaborone: Pula Press and the Botswana Society, 2000. “ Sir Peter Fawcus ” (obituary). Times Online. 30 May 2003, accessed 2 December 2010, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1137236.ece . willie ...

Botswana

Botswana   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
877 words

...enjoys an enviable reputation for maintaining a stable, efficient, and honest democratic system. There has been considerable continuity in presidential leadership, starting with President Sir Seretse Khama and continuing through President J. Quett K. Masire , and then (on 1 April 1998 ) to President Festus Mogae . In addition, Sir Seretse's son, Ian Khama (who is a retired senior military officer), has served as vice president since 1997 , and probably will be a future president. Thanks to the discovery of profitable diamond pipes and...

Botswana

Botswana   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
692 words
Illustration(s):
4

...it adopted the name of Botswana. Since then, unlike many African countries, Botswana has been a stable multiparty democracy. The economy has undergone a steady process of diversification under successive presidents. Botswana's first president, Sir Seretse Khama , who died in 1980 , was succeeded by Sir Ketumile Masire , who served from 1980 until 1998 when he retired in favour of Festus Mogae. Despite a severe drought, the economy expanded and the government introduced major social programmes. Tourism also grew as huge national parks and reserves...

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa   Reference library

Paul J. Lane

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
2,022 words

...archaeologists. Examples of this valorization of African history can be found in the speeches and political writings of a variety of political leaders, including, in the Anglophone countries, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania, Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia, and Sir Seretse Khama of Botswana. Coincident with such calls, which nonetheless failed to lead to the establishment of archaeology degree programs in all but a few sub-Saharan countries, Western-trained historians and archaeologists from the late 1950s and early 1960s began to take a genuine interest...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
3,620 words

...Zenawi of Ethiopia, and Isaias Afewerki of Eritrea. Other leaders have since been added to the list, including Ghana's Jerry Rawlings, Mozambique's Joaquim Chissano, Tijan Kabba of Sierra Leone, Abdou Joof of Senegal, South Africa's Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki, and Seretse Khama Ian Khama of Botswana among others. The vast range of results was dramatized unforgettably in the spring of 1994 , when Nelson Mandela of the Africa National Congress (ANC) was inaugurated as the first president of a democratic, nonracial South Africa. It has been the ruling party...

The Political Barriers to Development in Africa

The Political Barriers to Development in Africa   Reference library

Paul Collier

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
8,410 words

...first president of Botswana, Sir Seretse Khama, was a brilliant leader by any standards. Botswana’s endowment of diamonds had the potential to be highly divisive: natural resources are concentrated in a few parts of a country, which encourages separatist movements. Khama anticipated this and so, prior to prospecting, asked clan leaders whether the diamonds should belong to whichever clan was fortunate to have them or belong to the nation. Behind this geological veil of ignorance, all clan leaders chose the latter option. Khama also anticipated the danger that...

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