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Sir Charles Scott Sherrington

(1857–1952) British neurophysiologist, whose work on the mechanisms of integration in the nervous system earned him the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was ...

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
239 words

..., Sir Charles Scott (1857–1952) British physiologist Sherrington , a Londoner by birth, was educated at Cambridge University and St. Thomas's Hospital, London, gaining his BA in natural science in 1883 and his MB in 1885 . He then traveled to Europe to study under Rudolf Virchow and Robert Koch in Berlin. After lecturing in physiology at St. Thomas's Hospital, Sherrington was superintendent of the Brown Institute ( 1891–95 ), a veterinary hospital of the University of London. He then became professor of physiology, firstly at the University of...

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott (1857–1952)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
334 words

..., Sir Charles Scott ( 1857–1952 ) British neurophysiologist, whose work on the mechanisms of integration in the nervous system earned him the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was knighted in 1922 . Born in London, Sherrington studied physiology at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, before going on to study medicine at St Thomas's Hospital, London. He spent some time in Europe, including a spell in Robert Koch's laboratory in Berlin, before his appointment in 1887 as lecturer in systematic physiology at St Thomas's. He...

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott (1857–1952)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,552 words

..., Sir Charles Scott ( 1857–1952 ). British physiologist , born in London and educated at Ipswich grammar school and at Cambridge; he qualified at St Thomas' Hospital in London in 1885 . As a physiologist he anticipated Pavlov in attempting to uncover the structure of the nervous system by looking at input and output. Moreover, his discoveries stand up better than Pavlov's because he worked mainly on a comparatively simple aspect of the nervous system, spinal reflexes, whereas Pavlov was attempting to investigate the workings of the brain using the...

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott (1857–1952)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Sir Charles Scott ( 1857–1952 ) British physiologist...

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott

Sherrington, Sir Charles Scott   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
Sir Charles Scott Sherrington

Sir Charles Scott Sherrington  

(1857–1952)British neurophysiologist, whose work on the mechanisms of integration in the nervous system earned him the 1932 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was knighted in 1922.Born in ...
motoneuron

motoneuron  

The unit formed by a motor neuron or efferent neuron and the muscle fibre to which it is connected. Also called a motor unit. [A term coined by the British neurophysiologist Sir Charles Scott ...
Wilder Penfield

Wilder Penfield  

(1891–1976), neurosurgeon, scientist, writer.Born in Spokane, Washington, Penfield pursued athletics at Princeton and medicine at Oxford. Influenced by William Osler and Charles Sherrington, he chose ...
synergy

synergy  

Coordinated activity of opposing muscle groups (antagonistic pairs, such as the biceps and triceps in the upper arm) that results in smooth, well-controlled movements. See also synergist.
Robert Sessions Woodworth

Robert Sessions Woodworth  

(1869–1962).American psychologist, born in Belcher Town, Massachusetts, and educated at Amherst College, where he graduated in philosophy. He proceeded to Harvard for his graduate studies, where he ...
Luria on mind and brain

Luria on mind and brain  

The relation between brain and mind has been for many centuries one of the most difficult problems, both of philosophy and of science. Two approaches to the problem have been ...
McCulloch's contributions to brain theory

McCulloch's contributions to brain theory  

Warren McCulloch was a central pioneer figure of cybernetic and computational models of brain function. The year 1943 saw the publication of ‘A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in ...
Jerzy Konorski

Jerzy Konorski  

(1903–73).Polish neurophysiologist and behavioural scientist, born in Lođz. After studying medicine at the University of Warsaw, he visited Ivan Pavlov's laboratory before returning to Poland to work ...
Charles Bell

Charles Bell  

(1774–1842)Charles Bell was born in Edinburgh in November 1774 and died at Hallow Park, near Worcester on 28 April 1842. He received his early training in the ‘Arts of ...
‘emergence’ and ‘reduction’ in explanations

‘emergence’ and ‘reduction’ in explanations  

A classical question of philosophy is the one/many problem: is everything in the universe ultimately one thing—or are there, as it certainly appears, many things? In another and more interesting ...
Charles Kay Ogden

Charles Kay Ogden  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
 (1889–1957) English book collector of wide-ranging interests.In 1953, he sold his MSS and early printed books, as well as materials on Jeremy Bentham and Lord Brougham, to University College ...
reflex action

reflex action  

An automatic movement produced in response to a stimulus (see reflex).
Edgar Douglas Adrian

Edgar Douglas Adrian  

1st Baron Adrian (1889–1977). Adrian was born in London and educated at Westminster School, where he became a King's Scholar at the end of his first term. Like his mentor ...

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