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Sioux

Subject: Religion

A group of Native American tribes originally occupying the plains and prairies. With a population in the 19th century of more than 30,000, it was one of the largest tribes in North ...

Sioux

Sioux   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... any one of a group of several Plains Indian tribes located between the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and speaking a Souian language. Perhaps the best known of the Sioux tribes was the Lakota Sioux...

Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
97 words

... ( Dakota ) Group of seven Native American tribes inhabiting Minnesota, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, and Montana. The tribes concluded several treaties with the US government during the 19th century, and finally agreed in 1867 to settle on a reservation in sw Dakota. The discovery of gold in the Black Hills and the rush of prospectors brought resistance. The last confrontation resulted in the massacre of more than 200 Sioux at Wounded Knee ( 1890 ). The Sioux culture was typical of the tribes of the Great Plains . Today, there are more than...

Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
38 words

... ( Siouan Dakota ) A group of Native American tribes originally occupying the plains and prairies. With a population in the 19th century of more than 30,000, it was one of the largest tribes in North America....

Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
207 words

...Sioux were led by such chiefs as Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse against Custer, whose forces they annihilated. They were quelled in 1891 . In Cooper ’s The Prairie , the Sioux figure as the “Ishmaelites of the American deserts,” and they appear in Neihardt ’s Song of the Indian Wars , Garland ’s The Captain of the Gray Horse Troop , and Longfellow ’s The Song of Hiawatha . Nonfictional descriptions are to be found in Parkman ’s The Oregon Trail , W. J. Snelling ’s Tales of the Northwest , and Mari Sandoz ’s Crazy Horse and These Were the Sioux ....

Sioux

Sioux   Reference library

Helen Myers and Kay Edwards

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
3,119 words

...Horncloud Sings Sioux Rabbit Songs , recorded by R. Boley ( c 1971 , Can. 6081) 19 Sioux Songs (Standing Rock) ( 1972 , Indian Records 1191 ) Various Artists: Songs of the Sioux ( 1972 , Can. 6062) Assiniboine-Sioux Grass Dance , recorded in Brockton, MO ( 1974 , Redpath 2) Sioux Pow-wow Songs ( 1974 , Can. 6127) Sioux Songs from Sisseton ( 1974 , Can. 6112) Chants et danses des Sioux , recorded in Montana and South Dakota, 1969–75 ( c 1975 , Anthologie de la musique des peuples 2904 ) Ho Hwo Sju (Traditional Songs of the Sioux) , recorded by T....

Big Sioux

Big Sioux (Iowa–South Dakota/USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Big Sioux , Iowa–South Dakota/USA A river named after the Sioux...

Sioux Falls

Sioux Falls (South Dakota/USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Sioux Falls , South Dakota/USA Founded on the Big Sioux River in 1857 and named after the river and its...

Sioux City

Sioux City (Iowa/USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Sioux City , Iowa/USA ( Thompsonville ) Laid out in 1848 by, and named after, a William Thompson. A year later a French-Canadian fur trader arrived with his Sioux wives and their father, Chief War Eagle. In 1857 , to honour the Sioux, the settlement was renamed. ‘Sioux’ is an abbreviation of their Ojibwa name ‘Nadouessioux’ ‘Adders’, that is,...

Sioux, Bell

Sioux, Bell   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Bell (2- or 3-seat light helicopter). Rotor diameter 37 feet 1 inch; length 32 feet 7 inches; maximum speed 105 m.p.h.; range 273 miles; power 1 × Lycoming 240 shaft h.p. engine. The Sioux was a reconnaissance helicopter flown by the Army, but owned and maintained by the RAAF, between 1960 and 1965 . Sioux were then transferred to the Army and was used by 161 Reconnaissance Flight in the Vietnam War for observation and other roles including medical evacuation. The Sioux was the first helicopter used by the Army and remained in service until it was...

Lakota Sioux

Lakota Sioux   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Sioux North American Indian tribe occupying the northern Great Plains from Minnesota westward into the Dakotas and southward into Nebraska. Under chief Sitting Bull and other excellent leaders the Lakota Sioux dominated the other northern Plains tribes and after 1860 strongly resisted the invasion of their sacred sites and hunting areas by the white man, fighting a series of often successful battles with the U.S. Army, including the battle of the Little Bighorn in June 1876 , before being finally crushed in 1890 at Wounded Knee , Dakota...

Sioux Creation

Sioux Creation   Reference library

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Creation Among the various branches of the Sioux tribes of the American Plains are several types of creation myths. The Brule Sioux of South Dakota tell a story that begins with a flood, suggesting a forgotten creation of earlier times ( see also The Flood and Flood Hero ). The first people were attacked by the great Water Monster, who sent a flood to kill them. The people tried to escape by climbing the steep hill in the middle of the Brule land, but the water found them and drowned them. All that was left was a pool of blood, which became the sacred red...

Santee Sioux War

Santee Sioux War   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Sioux War an uprising of the Santee Sioux in Minnesota 1862–64 in protest of the cash-strapped U.S. government's failure to pay them their annual grant under terms of a treaty agreed in 1851 . The revolt was forcibly put down and the Sioux leader Little Crow fled to...

Great Sioux War

Great Sioux War   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Sioux War ( 1876 ) one of the Plains Indians Wars between the United States and the Sioux . It grew out of a dispute about rights to gold in the Black Hills of South Dakota; the gold was on Sioux reservation land and the United States wished to buy it back, but native leaders who were not party to the treaty establishing the reservation refused to negotiate. The first incident in the war was Custer's Last Stand , which galvanized opinion against the indigenous...

Sioux (Or Dakota) Indians

Sioux (Or Dakota) Indians   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
196 words

... (Or Dakota) Indians , confederation of tribes that occupied territory in the present states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and the Dakotas, and smaller sections in Virginia and the Carolinas. The Siouan linguistic family was the most numerous among the Plains Indians, and included the Assiniboin, Mandan, Hidatsa, Crow, Omaha, Osage, and other tribes. The Sioux proper were friendly with the English, aiding them in the Revolution and the War of 1812 . After several unsuccessful treaties, they rose under Little Crow ( 1862 ) and massacred more than 800 Minnesota...

Crazy Horse, Sioux Chief

Crazy Horse, Sioux Chief (1840–77)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Horse, Sioux Chief ( 1840–77 ) (Siouan: Tashunca-uitco ), seer of visions and matchless exponent of light horse tactics during the last stand of the Plains Indians ( see Plains Indians wars ). He was a leading participant in the successful war against the Bozeman Trail ( 1865–8 ) and led the Oglala to victory at the Rosebud and the united Lakota and Arapaho/Cheyenne against Custer at Little Bighorn in 1876 . He was murdered after surrender at the Red Cloud Agency in Nebraska. Since 1949 , at the invitation of the Lakota, the Ziolowski family has...

SIOUX

SIOUX   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Abbreviations

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Language reference
Length:
6 words

... sequential iterative operation unit...

Sioux

Sioux   Reference library

Fowler’s Dictionary of Modern English Usage (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Sioux . Pronounced /suː/ . Plural unchanged and pronounced the same or, optionally, /suːz/ ....

Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
177 words

... • accrue , adieu, ado, anew, Anjou, aperçu, askew, ballyhoo, bamboo, bedew, bestrew, billet-doux, blew, blue, boo, boohoo, brew, buckaroo, canoe, chew, clew, clou, clue, cock-a-doodle-doo, cockatoo, construe, coo, Corfu, coup, crew, Crewe, cru, cue, déjà vu, derring-do, dew, didgeridoo, do, drew, due, endue, ensue, eschew, feu, few, flew, flu, flue, foreknew, glue, gnu, goo, grew, halloo, hereto, hew, Hindu, hitherto, how-do-you-do, hue, Hugh, hullabaloo, imbrue, imbue, jackaroo, Jew, kangaroo, Karroo, Kathmandu, kazoo, Kiangsu, knew, Kru, K2, kung fu,...

Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
67 words
Sioux

Sioux   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words

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