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Shi'ite

Subject: Religion

The smaller of the two main branches of Islam which is the Shi'at Ali (the Party of Ali), as it recognizes Ali's claim to succeed his cousin and father-in-law, the Prophet Muhammad, as the ...

Shi'ite

Shi'ite   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
117 words

...'ite Follower of Shi'a, the second‐largest branch of Islam . Shi'ites believe that the true successor of Muhammad was Ali , whose claim to be caliph was not recognized by Sunni Muslims. It rejects the Sunna (the collection of teachings outside the Koran ) and relies instead on the pronouncements of a succession of holy men called Imams . The Safavid dynasty in Iran was the first to adopt Shi'a as a state religion. One of the principal causes of the Iranian Revolution was Shah Pahlavi 's attempt to reduce clerical influence on government....

Shi'ite

Shi'ite   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
92 words

...Shi'ite The smaller of the two main branches of Islam which is the Shi'at Ali (the Party of Ali), as it recognizes Ali's claim to succeed his cousin and father-in-law, the Prophet Muhammad, as the spiritual leader of Islam during the first civil war in the Islamic world ( ad 656–61 ). In most of the Islamic world the Sunnis are in a majority, but the Shi'ites comprise around 80 million adherents, or 13 per cent of all Muslims. They are predominant in Iran, Iraq, and the United Arab...

Shi'ite

Shi'ite   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Shi'ite

Shi'ite noun   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Shi'ite

Shi'ite  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The smaller of the two main branches of Islam which is the Shi'at Ali (the Party of Ali), as it recognizes Ali's claim to succeed his cousin and father-in-law, the Prophet Muhammad, as the spiritual ...
Shi'ism, Shi'ites

Shi'ism, Shi'ites   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,065 words

...'ism, Shi'ites From the Arabic Shī'a meaning “partisans”, in this case those of ʼAlī and his descendants by his wife Fātima , considered the sole and veritable imāms (guides, leaders) of the Community after the death of the prophet Muhammad . The essential distinctive trait of Shi'ism lies in its concept, original in Islam , of the person of the imām as well as his ontological status and sacred function, both designated by the notion, difficult to translate, of walāya . According to Shi'ite doctrine, developed from the 8th c. (2nd century of the ...

Jaʿfaral-Ṣādiq

Jaʿfaral-Ṣādiq  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (d. 148 ah / 765 ce),also known as Abū ʿAbd Allāh, was the sixth imam of the Imāmī Shīʿī Muslims. He was the eldest son of the fifth ...
Taif Accord

Taif Accord  

(1989)A peace settlement concluded in the Saudi Arabian port of Taif, when sixty‐two of the seventy‐three surviving members of the 1972 parliament met to negotiate a new Lebanese Constitution to end ...
Shaykh Ahmad Ahsai

Shaykh Ahmad Ahsai  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1826)Theologian and founder of Shaykhi branch of Twelver Shiism. Born in Bahrain. Known for mystical experiences and spiritual visions. Spent fifteen years in Iran, where he was highly esteemed ...
al- Hākim

al- Hākim  

(985–1021)Al-Hākim b. Amr Allāh Abū ʼAlī al-Mansūr, born at Cairo, became the sixth Fātimid caliph in 996 on the death of his father, al-ʼAzīz. Young, opposed to his Christian ...
Hizb-i Wahdat

Hizb-i Wahdat  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Afghani Shii Islamist political party created in 1990 by Shaykh Ali Mazari. Initially supported a radical and ideological position but shifted to a policy emphasizing ethnicity during the Afghan ...
ʿIrfān

ʿIrfān  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
ʿIrfān, from the Arabic root ʿarafa, to know, literally means gnosis. It can be used as a synonym of maʿrifah, also translated as gnosis. The difference between these two usages ...
Marifah

Marifah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Knowledge. Used by Sufis to describe mystical intuitive knowledge, knowledge of spiritual truth as reached through ecstatic experiences rather than revealed or rationally acquired.
MīrDāmād

MīrDāmād  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Mīr Burhan al-Dīn Muḥammad Bāqir Dāmād, known as Mīr Dāmād (1543–1631/2),was born in the city of Asterabad (now Gorgān) near Mashhad in Persia. He studied in Qazvīn and Kāshān, especially ...
ʿAlawīyah

ʿAlawīyah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A term derived from the name of the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muḥammad, ʿAli ibn Abī Tālib (d. 661), ʿAlawīyah was applied originally to those who supported ʿAlīʿs ...
Ḥawzah

Ḥawzah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Shīʿī shrine cities of Najaf and Karbala in Iraq and Qom, Iran, ḥawzah denotes a community of learning that encompasses circles of study, scholarly activities, and social bonds. ...
Niʿmatullāhīyah

Niʿmatullāhīyah  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Beginning as a Sunnī Ṣūfī order in the fourteenth century in southeastern Iran, the Niʿmatullāhīyah became Shīʿī in the fifteenth century. It established itself in India in the same century ...
Bohras

Bohras  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Group numbering approximately one million, residing in India, Pakistan, the Middle East, East Africa, and the West (the name means “traders”). Trace their spiritual ancestry to eleventh-century ...
Hizb al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah

Hizb al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Also known as the Islamic Call Party. Formed 1958–59 in Iraq by Shii ulama to work for social justice and foundation of Islamic state. Most prominent Shii activist group by late 1970s. Inspired by ...
Hidden Imām

Hidden Imām  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Twelver Shii doctrine holds that the twelfth imam (in this usage meaning a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad through his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatimah) did not die but went into a spiritual ...

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