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Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Stratford-upon-avon's theatre opened in 1879 to stage short annual festivals of Shakespeare's plays. Seasons were extended by Frank Benson's Company (1888–1918). The original theatre ...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
159 words

...was established under Anthony Quayle and Glen Byam Shaw in the 1950s. In 1961 the theatre became the Royal Shakespeare Theatre, home of the Royal Shakespeare Company . Marian J. Pringle Sally Beauman , The Royal Shakespeare Company: A History of Ten Decades (1982) Susan Brock and Marian J. Pringle , The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre 1919–1945 (1984) M. C. Day and John Courtnay Trewin , The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre (1932) Marian J. Pringle , The Theatres of Stratford-upon-Avon: An Architectural History ...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Memorial Theatre . Stratford’s first permanent Shakespearian theatre, an offshoot of the Shakespeare tercentenary of 1864 , opened in 1879 , with performances by a company led by Barry Sullivan ; Sullivan’s best-loved successor here was Frank Benson . It was destroyed by fire in 1926 ; its shell, long used as a rehearsal space, now houses the RSC’s Swan theatre and the RSC Collection and Gallery . Like the tercentenary itself, and indeed like its successor the Royal Shakespeare Theatre , it was largely paid for by public subscription, heavily...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre   Reference library

Peter Holland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
339 words

... Memorial Theatre The first Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, designed by Dodgshun and Unsworth , was completed in 1879 , a Victorian extravaganza of mixed Gothic and Tudor styles. It was the first playhouse in history dedicated to a single dramatist. It burned down in 1926 ; Shaw announced that ‘Stratford-on-Avon is to be congratulated … It is very cheerful news.’ He hoped that ‘a proper modern theatre’ would be built but ‘I don't expect an ideal theatre’. The competition for the new theatre was won by Elisabeth Scott , aged only 29; she was the...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
298 words

... Memorial Theatre The first Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, designed by Dodgshun and Unsworth , was completed in 1879 , a Victorian extravaganza of mixed Gothic and Tudor styles. It was the first *playhouse in history dedicated to a single dramatist. It burned down in 1926 ; *Shaw announced that ‘Stratford-on-Avon is to be congratulated…It is very cheerful news.’ The competition for the new theatre was won by Elisabeth Scott , aged only 29; she was the first woman architect to design a major public building in the country. It opened in 1932 ,...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
667 words

... Memorial Theatre , Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. This theatre, devoted to the production of plays by Shakespeare , stood on a riverside site in his birthplace, donated by Charles Edward Flower , member of a local family of brewers. A bright-red brick building in a pseudo-Gothic style, it opened in 1879 on 23 Apr. ( Shakespeare's birthday), and attracted a good deal of adverse criticism on account of its gabled and turreted exterior, bare interior, and inadequate stage. It was, however, destined to house many fine productions with outstanding...

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre

Shakespeare Memorial Theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Stratford-upon-avon's theatre opened in 1879 to stage short annual festivals of Shakespeare's plays. Seasons were extended by Frank Benson's Company (1888–1918). The original theatre burned down in ...
The First Part of the Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York and Lancaster

The First Part of the Contention of the Two Famous Houses of York and Lancaster   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,732 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...notwithstanding valuable corrective challenges to the universal applicability of memorial reporting and to Pollard’s morally inflected terminology. While Doran ’s arguments have also been accepted, with modifications, the derivation and purpose of Q1’s often detailed stage directions continue to be disputed (namely they may be intended for readers), as do the reductions in playing personnel achieved by Q1. Most modern scholars believe the Folio text is based on Shakespeare’s manuscript, since several missing, imprecise, or discretionary stage directions...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...argued that it was written by Greene and later revised by Shakespeare as the Folio version. Alternatively, Dr Johnson and Edward Capell speculated that O was a report of the Folio made from memory or shorthand. Building on this idea, Peter Alexander demonstrated in 1929 that O was reconstructed from memory by actors (probably Pembroke’s Men, named on O’s title page). This remains the accepted explanation for O, notwithstanding corrective challenges to the universal applicability of memorial reporting. In 1928 Madeleine Doran suggested that O was...

Love’s Labour’s Lost

Love’s Labour’s Lost   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,517 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...for its obscurity) to be acted on Shakespeare’s birthday at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre in Stratford in 1885 , but sporadic revivals there and elsewhere (including a musical version in 1919 ) failed to establish it in the repertory. The young Tyrone Guthrie produced it twice, first at the Westminster theatre in 1932 and then four years later at the Old Vic (with Michael Redgrave as the King), but neither production was a hit, though the play did become something of a favourite at the Open Air Theatre in Regents Park in the mid-1930s. The...

The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...criticism Barber, C. L. , in Shakespeare’s Festive Comedy (1959) Bartholomeusz, Dennis , ‘ The Winter’s Tale’ on the Stage in England and America, 1611–1976 (1982) Belsey, Catherine , in Shakespeare and the Loss of Eden (1999) Bishop, T. G. , in Shakespeare and the Theatre of Wonder (1996) Bristol, Michael , ‘In Search of the Bear’, Shakespeare Quarterly , 42 (1991) Cavell, Stanley , in Disowning Knowledge (1987) Coghill, Nevill , ‘Six Points of Stage-craft in The Winter’s Tale ’, Shakespeare Survey 11 (1958) Morse, William R. ,...

Macbeth

Macbeth   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,275 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...that Macbeth was composed in 1606 , after King Lear but just before Antony and Cleopatra : Macbeth even mentions Antony (3.1.58) in a manner which suggests that Shakespeare was already revisiting Plutarch in preparation for the latter tragedy while composing his Scottish play. Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh as the Macbeths in Glen Byam Shaw’s production, Shakespeare Memorial Theatre, 1955 © Bettmann / Corbis Text: Macbeth was first printed in the Folio in 1623 , which provides its only authoritative text, unfortunately in many ways a defective...

Henry V

Henry V   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,163 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...servants’, and reappeared in the Folio of 1623 in a version derived from Shakespeare’s own foul papers . The quarto is in many respects corrupt, apparently a memorial reconstruction ( See reported text ) assembled by actors who had appeared in a version of the play shortened for performance by a small cast (perhaps on a provincial tour), but it seems to derive from a later authorial text of the play than does the Folio. In particular, the quarto chooses to follow Shakespeare’s historical sources in not representing the Dauphin as a combatant at...

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism

18 Theories of Text, Editorial Theory, and Textual Criticism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
5,963 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...error, as well as a conscious or unconscious process of editing. *Composition (the setting of type) adds technically specific issues: the wrong case, the wrong *fount , the *turned letter . Performance texts may be transcribed or printed from faulty memorial reconstruction ( see bad quartos of shakespeare’s plays ). Type and typeset *formes are subject to ‘batter’, type movement, and loss. Etched or engraved plates are prone to wear and damage. Authors emend and revise, before, during, and after the publication process. A text may be subject to imposed...

RSC Collection and Gallery

RSC Collection and Gallery  

Stratford-upon-Avon. A gallery containing portraits of celebrated performers and directors of Shakespearian drama, portraits of Shakespeare, and art depicting Shakespearian themes was opened in 1881. ...
Robert Hardy

Robert Hardy  

(b. 1925),English actor. In 1949, Hardy joined the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre where he played Banquo (1949), Oberon (1959), and Edmund (1959). Since then he has made a speciality of ...
Shakespeare festivals

Shakespeare festivals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Festivals to celebrate the work of William Shakespeare became increasingly popular in the twentieth century following in the footsteps of David Garrick's Shakespeare Jubilee of 1769. The tercentenary ...
Swan

Swan  

The RSC's third theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon, opened in 1986 in the shell of the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre destroyed by fire in 1926. A Jacobean-style playhouse seating 430 in three galleries ...
Pamela Brown

Pamela Brown  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1917–75),English actress, who in a distinguished, though comparatively short, career won many admirers. She made her stage début in 1936 at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre as Juliet, later playing ...
twentieth-century Shakespearian production

twentieth-century Shakespearian production  

Though Shakespeare's fame had grown steadily since about 1750, in the 20th century he became the dominant writer for the stage for much of the world. Performance of his plays ...
Shakespeare Institute

Shakespeare Institute  

Allardyce Nicoll founded the Shakespeare Institute in 1951 as a graduate centre of the University of Birmingham specializing in the study of Shakespeare and his contemporaries. It was originally ...

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