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September 11

(2001) The day on which al-Qaida terrorists struck at New York and Washington, killing over 3000 people. Four airliners were hijacked shortly after take-off by 19 suicidal ...

September 11

September 11 (2001)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
86 words

... 11 ( 2001 ) The day on which al-Qaeda terrorists struck at New York and Washington, killing over 3000 people. Four airliners were hijacked shortly after take-off by 19 suicidal terrorists: two were flown into the twin towers of New York’s World Trade Center causing their collapse, one was crashed into the Pentagon in Washington, and one hit the ground near Pittsburgh, presumably after a struggle between the passengers and the hijackers. The outrage led the USA to launch its war on terrorism ....

September 11

September 11   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,232 words
Illustration(s):
1

... 11 . At 8:45 am on September 11, 2001, American Airlines flight 11, carrying eighty-one passengers and eleven crew members, slammed into the north tower of the World Trade Center at the southern end of New York City. Eighteen minutes later, United Airlines flight 175, carrying fifty-six passengers and nine crew members, plowed into the adjacent south tower. By 10:30 , both buildings had collapsed in flames. At 9:43 that same morning, American Airlines flight 77, carrying fifty-eight passengers and six crew members, crashed into the Pentagon outside...

September 11

September 11   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
704 words

... 11 . Four flights departing from various cities along the eastern United States en route to Los Angeles and San Francisco were hijacked and tragically steered off course on the morning of 11 September 2001 . At 8:46 a.m. American Airlines flight 11 was the first plane to crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, killing its eighty-one passengers, nine flight attendants, captain, and first officer. The next plane to crash was United Airlines flight 175. It struck the World Trade Center's South Tower at 9:03 a.m. , killing its fifty-six...

September 11

September 11 (2001)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
375 words

...September 11 ( 2001 ) A term denoting four interrelated terrorist attacks on the United States on that date. They were organized by Osama Bin Laden , and carried out by a total of nineteen hijackers who boarded four different planes. At 8.46 am, a hijacked Boeing 767 (American Airlines 11) crashed into the 94 th floor of the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York ( WTC ). Sixteen minutes later, a hijacked Boeing 767 (United Airlines 175) crashed into the 78 th floor of the WTC's South Tower. Whereas the WTC withstood the initial impact, the...

September 11 attacks

September 11 attacks   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... 11 attacks The September 11 attacks of 2001 consisted of four coordinated suicide attacks against targets in Washington DC and New York. Masterminded by Osama bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda group, the attacks were unique in scope and scale. Rather than using conventional explosives, four hijacked commercial passenger jets were to be deliberately crashed into ground targets. Two of the jets struck the twin towers of the World Trade Center, a third hit the Pentagon, and the fourth crashed into a rural area of Pennsylvania after fighting between passengers...

September 11, 2001

September 11, 2001   Reference library

Paul S. Boyer

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,086 words

...Executive Branch, Other Departments: Department of Homeland Security ; Persian Gulf War . Craig Calhoun , Paul Price , and Ashley Timmer , eds., Understanding September 11 , 2002. Fred Halliday , Two Hours that Shook the World: September 11 , 2001: Causes and Consequences, 2001. Strobe Talbott and Nayan Chanda , eds., The Age of Terror: America and the World After September 11 , 2001. Paul S....

September 11th 2001

September 11th 2001   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
234 words

... 11th 2001 ( 9–11 ) Date of terrorist attacks launched by the al‐Qaeda network on targets in the United States, which caused thousands of deaths. Four passenger airliners were hijacked; two were flown into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York, and one into the Pentagon building near Washington. One plane crashed in Pennsylvania. The United States President, George W. Bush , described the attacks as an act of war, and responded by launching a military campaign in Afghanistan, where the Taliban government was seen to be harbouring...

September 11th, 2001

September 11th, 2001   Reference library

David Simpson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...directly or indirectly referencing both 9/11 and its aftermath; so too did hundreds of less famous writers (Däwes, 2011 ). John Updike 's Terrorist , Don DeLillo 's Falling Man , and Jonathan Safran Foer 's Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close all take up questions about representing and explaining 9/11 and its analogs. The demand to register the events of September 11 is so powerful that any novel written after it must raise the question of whether and to what degree it is about 9/11. Novels that address 9/11 obliquely, like Jonathan Franzen 's ...

Post-September 11 Conflicts

Post-September 11 Conflicts   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
3,333 words

...September 11 Conflicts . Conflicts in the post-September 11, 2001 , era until about November 2008 can be divided into at least five types, all of which are interconnected with the global “war on terror.” First, there have been new interstate conflicts pitting the United States and its allies against a host of “rogue states,” such as Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia. Second, there have been the United States’ proxy wars, like Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia, or, to a lesser extent, Israel’s invasion of Lebanon. Third, there are interstate conflicts stirred by...

September 11th Terrorist Attacks

September 11th Terrorist Attacks   Reference library

Richard Crockatt

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... 11th Terrorist Attacks The date 11 September 2001 —or, more commonly, “9/11”—has become synonymous with the idea of a turning point. Everything, we are told, changed on that date. 9/11 has become the point against which we measure the course of recent international history, and no less a marker on the calendars of our private lives, which may have nothing to do with 9/11. In the popular imagination, even the end of the Cold War yields place to 9/11 as a historical turning point. There are two problems with this stance: first, the singularity of the...

Immigration Policy and Border Control: Post–September 11

Immigration Policy and Border Control: Post–September 11   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,139 words

...Policy and Border Control: Post–September 11 . On May 14, 2003, police made a gruesome discovery on the outskirts of Victoria, Texas: an abandoned truck trailer with the remains of seventeen people. Survivors of this tragedy reported that seventy-four migrants, the majority from San Luis Potosí and Guanajuato in Mexico and others from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, were herded by smugglers into the unventilated trailer in Harlingen, Texas. What was to be a short trip in a refrigerated trailer past customs inspection turned into a nightmare...

Immigration Policy and Border Control after September 11

Immigration Policy and Border Control after September 11   Reference library

Elvia R. Arriola

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in Contemporary Politics, Law, and Social Movements

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law
Length:
3,750 words

...Policy and Border Control after September 11 . The post-9/11 immigration policies have converted the border into a particularly dangerous and hostile environment. The unprecedented expenditure of federal resources to seal off the border and stanch the flow of immigrants from the south exposes the racisms that underlie US immigration policy as it enforced on the border. Mexico has had a long economic relationship with the United States that has been marked by unequal terms of trade, exploitative labor practices, and environmental devastation. It has...

September 11

September 11   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... 11 . A somewhat fuller, though now less widely used, way of referring to the events of 9/11...

September 11

September 11   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
September 11

September 11   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
58 words
September 11

September 11   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
120 words
September 11

September 11   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
95 words
September 11

September 11  

(2001)The day on which al-Qaida terrorists struck at New York and Washington, killing over 3000 people. Four airliners were hijacked shortly after take-off by 19 suicidal terrorists: two were flown ...
Post-September 11 Conflicts

Post-September 11 Conflicts  

Conflicts in the post-September 11, 2001, era until about November 2008 can be divided into at least five types, all of which are interconnected with the global “war on terror.”[...]
Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,203 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Caesar Shakespeare’s most classical tragedy, as well as one of his most polished, was seen by a Swiss visitor, Thomas Platter , on 21 September 1599 : since Julius Caesar is not mentioned among Shakespeare’s works by Meres the previous year, draws incidentally on two works published in 1599 ( Samuel Daniel ’s Musophilus and Sir John Davies ’s Nosce teipsum ), and is itself alluded to in a third ( Ben Jonson ’s Every Man in his Humour ), this is likely to have been an early performance. In vocabulary the play has links with Shakespeare’s next...

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