Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

You are looking at 1-20 of 255 entries  for:

  • All: Seminole Wars x
clear all

View:

Overview

Seminole Wars

(1816–18; 1835–42) Two wars against Native American in the south-east US. Natives of Florida, the Seminole retaliated against US military forces sent into their area in search of ...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...30,000 volunteers gradually wore down the resistance of some 5,000 Seminole guerrillas with aggressive patrolling, the detention of key Seminole leaders, the destruction of Seminole villages and crops, and the removal of Seminoles from Florida to reservations elsewhere. The Second Seminole War ended in August 1842 , but white settlers continued to press the Seminoles, and the Third Seminole War began on December 20, 1855 , with a Seminole attack on an Army outpost. The Third Seminole War was fought largely by volunteers rather than Regular Army troops, and...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars (1816–18)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
150 words

... Wars ( 1816–18 ; 1835–42 ) Two wars against Native American in the south-east US. Natives of Florida, the Seminole retaliated against US military forces sent into their area in search of escaped slaves. Andrew Jackson ’s subsequent punitive expedition forced the Seminole south into the Everglades. In 1819 Spain ceded east Florida to the USA, and in 1832 the Seminole were forced to sign a treaty involving their removal to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi ( Trail of Tears ). A substantial part of the tribe under Osceola refused to...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars   Reference library

John K. Mahon

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
611 words

...Seminole Wars , three wars that extended from 1817 to 1858 and pitted U.S. forces against first the Spanish and then the Seminole Indians of Florida. The major causes were white lust for land and the gap between Indian and white cultures. The escape of African slaves into Florida was also a prime cause of the first and second wars. The First Seminole War began in November 1817 . Charging that Spain was unable to control the Indians, President James Monroe ordered Major General Andrew Jackson to invade Spanish Florida along the Apalachicola River;...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,338 words
Illustration(s):
2

...was strictly a Negro war, not a Native American war, and equated it with a slave revolt. After Osceola was captured and died in prison on 30 January 1838 , Wildcat (Cooacoochee), Alligator, Billy Bowlegs, Tiger Tail, and others became leaders of the Seminole resistance. Secretary of War Lewis Cass ordered General Winfield Scott not to negotiate with the Seminoles. During the war the United States shattered the Seminole-black alliance and removed Seminoles and black Seminoles to Native American territories. Influential black Seminole leaders such as...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars (1818)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Seminoles remained behind. One of them was Sam Jones, who never left, but died in Florida in 1867 , one hundred eleven years old. The United States declared the Third Seminole War officially ended on 8 May 1858 . [See also Native American Wars .] John K. Mahon , History of the Second Seminole War, 1835–1842 , 1967. James W. Covington , The Billy Bowlegs War, 1855–1858 , 1981. Virginia Bergman Peters , The Florida Wars , 1979. Kenneth W. Porter , The Black Seminoles , 1996. Frank Laumer , Dade's Last Command , 1995. John K. Mahon , The First Seminole...

Seminole Wars

Seminole Wars  

(1816–18; 1835–42)Two wars against Native American in the south-east US. Natives of Florida, the Seminole retaliated against US military forces sent into their area in search of escaped slaves. ...
Battle of the Withlacoochee

Battle of the Withlacoochee  

A battle in the second Seminole War fought on December 30, 1835, along the Withlacoochee River in Citrus County, Florida. Though strongly outnumbered, the Seminoles held their position and prevented ...
Seminole Indians

Seminole Indians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Florida tribe composed mainly of refugees from the Creeks, with a large element of black ex-slaves. Still under Spanish rule, they were hostile to the U.S. in the War of 1812. In the first Seminole ...
Ethan Allen Hitchcock

Ethan Allen Hitchcock  

(1798–1870) Union army officer, born in Mobile, Alabama. Hitchcock directed the exchange and return of captives during the Civil War. Hitchcock had earlier seen service in the Second Seminole War ...
Gabriel James Rains

Gabriel James Rains  

(1803–81) Confederate army officer and ordnance manufacturer, born in North Carolina. Rains was commissioned in the infantry after graduating from the U.S. Military Academy and served ably in the ...
Battle of Lake Okeechobee

Battle of Lake Okeechobee  

A battle fought on Christmas Day, 1837, during the second Seminole War (1835–42), near Lake Okeechobee in Florida, north of which a reservation for Seminoles had been established. Brig. Gen. ...
Edward Richard Sprigg Canby

Edward Richard Sprigg Canby  

(1817–73) Union army officer, born in Piatt's Landing, Kentucky. He fought in the Seminole War (1840–42), the Mexican War (1846–48), and the Mormon rebellion (1847–48). In the Civil War, Canby ...
Henry Hopkins Sibley

Henry Hopkins Sibley  

(1816–86) Confederate army officer, born in Louisiana. Sibley fought in the second Seminole War and the Mexican War (1846–48), where he was cited for bravery, and in an unsuccessful war ...
William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks

William Thomas Harbaugh Brooks  

(1821–70) Union army officer, born in New Lisbon, Ohio. In the 3rd U.S. Infantry, “Bully” Brooks served in the Seminole War (1842–43) and saw action in the Mexican War (1846–48) ...
John Clifford Pemberton

John Clifford Pemberton  

(1814–81) Confederate army officer, born in Philadelphia. In the early years of his military career, he participated in the second Seminole War (1835–42) and in the Mexican War (1846–48). When ...
Don Carlos Buell

Don Carlos Buell  

ˈbyōōǝl(1818–98) soldier and businessman, born near Marietta, Ohio. Buell fought in the Seminole War (1855–57) and the Mexican War (1846–48), and commanded the Army of the Ohio (1861–62). He ...
Fort Lauderdale

Fort Lauderdale  

Reference type:
Overview Page
City on the Atlantic coast of se Florida, USA; seat of Broward county. It was established as a military post in 1838 by Major William Lauderdale during the wars with ...
Osceola

Osceola  

(c. 1800–39)Seminole chief. During the Seminole War (1835–42), Osceola, an extremely capable military leader, held off US attempts to remove his tribe to the west for three years. Frustrated by his ...
Braxton Bragg

Braxton Bragg  

(1817–1876), Confederate general.Bragg was born in North Carolina and graduated from West Point in 1837. He fought in the Seminole Wars and the Mexican War and was a Louisiana ...
Theophilus Hunter Holmes

Theophilus Hunter Holmes  

(1804–80) Confederate army officer and ranking general from North Carolina, born in Sampson City. Holmes was a former classmate of Jefferson Davis, who acted as his patron. Through his actions ...

View: