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Scottsboro Case

Subject: Literature

(1931) A US legal case in which nine black youths were falsely accused by two white girls of multiple rape on a train near Scottsboro, Alabama. They were found guilty and ...

Scottsboro case

Scottsboro case (1931)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
81 words

... case ( 1931 ) A US legal case in which nine black youths were falsely accused by two white girls of multiple rape on a train near Scottsboro, Alabama. They were found guilty and sentenced to death or long-term imprisonment. The sensational case highlighted race relations in Alabama and across the USA. The intervention of the Supreme Court and a series of retrials returned a verdict of not proven and all the Scottsboro boys were released in the years 1937–50...

Scottsboro Case

Scottsboro Case   Reference library

Dan T. Carter

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Case The Scottsboro case, a cause célèbre in modern American race relations, began near the end of March 1931 with a brawl between whites and blacks riding a freight train through northern Alabama. When Jackson County officials stopped the train near Scottsboro, two white women—Victoria Price and Ruby Bates—accused nine black teenagers of raping them. A Scottsboro jury quickly convicted eight of the nine boys and sentenced them to death. The U.S. Communist Party took up the case, mobilizing mass protests across America and in Europe and mounting...

Scottsboro Case.

Scottsboro Case.   Reference library

Dan T. Carter

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
332 words

...Scottsboro Case. The Scottsboro Case, a cause célèbre in modern American race relations, began in April of 1931 with a brawl between whites and blacks riding a freight train through northern Alabama. When Jackson County officials stopped the train near Scottsboro, two white women— Victoria Price and Ruby Bates —accused nine black teenagers of raping them. A Scottsboro jury quickly convicted eight of the nine boys and sentenced them to death. The U.S. Communist party took up the case, mobilizing mass protests across America and in Europe and mounting an...

Scottsboro Case

Scottsboro Case ((USA))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
127 words

...Scottsboro Case (USA) In April 1931 nine Black youths were accused by two White girls of multiple rape on a train near Scottsboro, Alabama. They were found guilty and sentenced to death or long-term imprisonment. The sensational case highlighted race relations in Alabama and across the USA. In the initial trial, the two lawyers assigned to defend the nine accused had been given less than an hour to prepare their case, with one of them being drunk. After two interventions by the US Supreme Court and a series of retrials by the state of Alabama, verdicts...

Scottsboro Case

Scottsboro Case   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
195 words

... Case , cause célèbre concerning nine black men charged with the rape of two white girls on a freight train in Alabama. The first trial in Scottsboro, Ala. ( 1931 ), resulted in death sentences for eight of the men, and after liberals and radicals came to their aid, charging that the verdict was the result of racial prejudice, the decision was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which declared ( 1932 ) that the defendants' right to counsel had been infringed. Despite the recantation of one of the girls, one of the men was again sentenced to death, and...

Scottsboro Case

Scottsboro Case  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1931)A US legal case in which nine black youths were falsely accused by two white girls of multiple rape on a train near Scottsboro, Alabama. They were found guilty and sentenced to death or ...
John Wexley

John Wexley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1907–),New York dramatist, whose plays include The Last Mile (1930), dealing with the last days of a condemned prisoner; Steel (1931); They Shall Not Die (1934), concerned with the Scottsboro case; ...
William Patterson

William Patterson  

(b. 27 August 1891; d. 5 March 1980),civil rights activist, lawyer, and Communist Party official. William L. Patterson was born in San Francisco, California, on 27 August 1891; the ...
National Negro Congress

National Negro Congress  

The National Negro Congress (NNC), founded in 1936, epitomized the broad alliances between civil rights, labor, and political institutions possible during the Popular Front era (1934–1939), a period ...
Negro: An Anthology

Negro: An Anthology  

Compiled and published in 1934 by the British shipping heiress Nancy Cunard, Negro: An Anthology was both groundbreaking and controversial. Running to more than 800 pages, it takes a Pan-Africanist ...
Benjamin J. Davis, Jr

Benjamin J. Davis, Jr  

(b. 8 September 1903; d. 22 August 1964),civil rights activist and Communist member of the city council of New York City from 1943 to 1949. Davis represented Harlem and ...
Norris v. Alabama

Norris v. Alabama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
294 U.S. 587 (1935), argued 15 and 18 Feb. 1935, decided 1 Apr. 1935 by vote of 8 to 0; Hughes for the Court, McReynolds not participating. This was the second decision of the Supreme Court in the ...
Ted Poston

Ted Poston  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1906–1974), award-winning journalist, short fiction writer, and unionist.Born Theodore Roosevelt Augustus Major in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, Ted Poston was the youngest of eight children. His parents, ...
Alabama

Alabama  

Alabama became a new immigrant destination at the end of the twentieth century. Latino immigrants and migrants, primarily from Mexico and Central America, have brought dramatic demographic, economic, ...
J.E.B. v. Alabama Ex Rel T.B.

J.E.B. v. Alabama Ex Rel T.B.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
511 U.S. 127 (1994), argued 2 Nov. 1993, decided 19 Apr. 1994 by vote of 6 to 3, Blackmun for the Court, Kennedy and O’Connor concurring, and Rehnquist and Scalia in dissent. The high-profile ...
incorporation Doctrine

incorporation Doctrine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
“Incorporation” is a constitutional law doctrine under which several provisions in the first eight amendments to the federal Bill of Rights are implicitly included among the limits imposed upon state ...
lynching and Mob Violence

lynching and Mob Violence  

The punishment or execution of alleged criminals by a group of people without a legal trial. It is named after Captain William Lynch (1742–1820), head of a self-constituted judicial tribunal in ...
criminal Justice System

criminal Justice System  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A broad term encompassing various institutions that work within the ambit of the criminal jurisdiction: police, prosecution, courts and correctional services. Most criminal matters start with police ...
Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1902–67)African American writer, born in Joplin, Missouri, who lived in Harlem after 1947. A leading figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes applied blues and jazz techniques in his poetry ...
Communist Party

Communist Party  

Founded in 1921, it attempted to raise the class consciousness of the White proletariat before accepting Moscow's orders to work for the establishment of a multi‐racial ‘native’ republic by 1931. Its ...

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