You are looking at 1-20 of 28 entries  for:

  • All: Sarekat Islam x
clear all

View:

Overview

Sarekat Islam

Subject: Religion

An Indonesian Islamic political organization. Formed in 1911 as an association of Javanese batik traders to protect themselves against Chinese competition, it had developed, by the time of ...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
514 words

... Islam . Indonesia's first mass political party, Sarekat Islam at one time claimed more than one million adherents. It was the successor to Sarekat Dagang Islam, a primarily commercial Muslim organization initially formed to oppose Chinese competition in the batik industry. It was succeeded by Sarekat Islam in 1912 under the leadership of H. O. S. Tjokroaminoto. Sarekat Islam's leadership tended to reflect Islamic socialist and modernist views. The party emphasized Javanese nationalism, the unity of Indonesian Muslims, and Pan-Islamic principles, and...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Islam . Indonesia 's first mass political party, Sarekat Islam at one time claimed more than one million adherents. It was the successor to Sarekat Dagang Islam, a primarily commercial Muslim organization initially formed to oppose Chinese competition in the batik industry. Organizational difficulties and intraparty divisions led to the demise of the original association, and Sarekat Islam was formed in 1912 under the leadership of H. O. S. Tjokroaminoto . A variety of factors was responsible for the rapid expansion of the organization during the...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
154 words

...Sarekat Islam ( SI, Islamic Association ) A political organization founded in the Dutch East Indies (later Indonesia) in 1912 . It emerged from the Sarekat Dagang Islam (Islamic Traders Association) founded in 1909 , in an attempt to resist growing Chinese competition in the batik trade. Led by Haji Umar Said Tjokroaminoto, it promoted the strength of indigenous trade through cooperatives, and increasingly challenged the Dutch colonial government. By 1919 , it had acquired a mass following of nearly two million people. It was fundamentally weakened by...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
95 words

...Sarekat Islam Indonesia's first mass political party, which at one time claimed more than one million adherents. In the early twentieth century it was set against local Chinese economic power and capitalism; it was nationalistic against Chinese and Dutch colonialism. The party tended to reflect Islamic socialist and modernist views, but the organization was never strongly centralized and declined in power. After 1955 it continued to be active in Muslim politics as a splinter party; it was absorbed into the Partai Persatuan Pembangunan when Suharto ...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
102 words

... Islam An Indonesian Islamic political organization. Formed in 1911 as an association of Javanese batik traders to protect themselves against Chinese competition, it had developed, by the time of its first party congress in 1913 , into a mass organization dedicated to self-government through constitutional means. Its leader H. Q. S. Cokroaminoto ( 1882–1934 ), was viewed by many as a latter-day Messiah, but the organization was weakened from within by the political challenge posed by the emergent PKI in the early 1920s; thereafter it gradually faded...

Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Indonesian Islamic political organization. Formed in 1911 as an association of Javanese batik traders to protect themselves against Chinese competition, it had developed, by the time of its first ...
Darul Islam

Darul Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(from Arab., dār al-Islām).A revolutionary movement in Indonesia whose aim was to establish an Islamic state. Its leader was Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo (1905–62), who declared the Islamic State ...
Ḥosayn Borujerdi

Ḥosayn Borujerdi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ḥosayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Borujerdi (also rendered Ḥusayn Ṭabāṭabāʿī Burūjirdī) (1875–1961),was a Shīʿī jurisprudent and seminary director who was the sole marjaʿ al-taqlīd (source of emulation) for all ...
Nahdatul Ulama

Nahdatul Ulama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the two largest Islamic traditionalist grassroots social organizations in Indonesia. Established in 1926 as part of the nationalist awakening and general Islamic reform. Its social basis is ...
Indonesia

Indonesia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Indonesia, the world's largest Muslim country and one of the largest democracies, is making steady progressIndonesia is one of the world's largest and geographically most dispersed countries, ...
Communist Party

Communist Party  

Founded in 1921, it attempted to raise the class consciousness of the White proletariat before accepting Moscow's orders to work for the establishment of a multi‐racial ‘native’ republic by 1931. Its ...
Communist Party, Indonesia

Communist Party, Indonesia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
177 words

...Communist Party, Indonesia Founded as the Partai Komunis Indonesia ( PKI ) on 23 May 1920 , it emerged from the Social Democratic Association of the Indies. A member of Comintern since December 1920 , its members were soon expelled from the Sarekat Islam ( 1921 ), whereupon it conducted a series of campaigns in the countryside. It was almost eclipsed following severe Dutch repression of its uprisings in Banten and West Sumatra in November 1926 and January 1927 respectively. After Japanese occupation it became one of the main challengers to ...

Darul Islam

Darul Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,199 words

...military leaders to the security problems created by Islamic extremism. Kartosurwiryo, expelled from medical school in 1927 because of his radical nationalism, became politically active in close association with H. O. S. Tjokroaminoto , the leader of Sarekat Islam (Islamic League). Kartosuwiryo became imbued with Tjokroaminotoʾs conviction that a truly independent Indonesian state had to be based on Islamic principles. In 1930 Sarekat Islam became a political party, the PSII ( Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia ), but was soon replaced as the mainstay of...

Partai Persatuan Pembangunan

Partai Persatuan Pembangunan   Reference library

Mitsuo Nakamura and Mohammad Syafiʾi Anwar

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
895 words

...the four preexisting Islamic parties: the traditionalist NU (Nahdatul Ulama), the modernist Parmusi (Partai Muslimin Indonesia; Indonesian Muslim Party), and two other minor parties, the PSII (Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia; Indonesian Party Union of Muslims) and Perti (Persatuan Tarbiyah Islam, United Islamic Education). The merger was imposed by the New Order government under General Suharto, who placed utmost importance on economic development, political stability, and national integration. The PPP was prohibited from pursuing an Islamic state as its goal and...

Indonesia

Indonesia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
5,460 words
Illustration(s):
3

...only in terms of adherence to the core of universal Islamic patterns, but also in the manner in which local cultural influences frame perception and maintenance of the religion. Indonesian Girl Scouts. International Girl Scouts in Central Java, Indonesia, salute during an exercise at their Islamic secondary school. Photograph by John Stanmeyer / AP Images / VII Islam and Politics. Islam played an important role in twentieth-century Indonesian politics. The first mass nationalist organization was Sarekat Islam, formed in 1912 and the dominant political...

Indonesia

Indonesia   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
5,176 words

...term “Islamic state.” [ See also Darul Islam Movement ; Daʿwah ; Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia ; Masyumi Party ; Muhammadiyah ; Nahdatul Ulama ; Partai Persatuan Pembangunan ; and Sarekat Islam . ] Bibliography Alfian . Muhammadiyah: The Political Behavior of a Muslim Modernist Organization under Dutch Colonialism . Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, 1989. Barton, Greg . Indonesia's Struggle: Jemaah Islamiyah and the Soul of Islam . Singapore: University of Singapore Press, 2004. Boland, B. J. The Struggle of Islam in...

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
4,141 words

...the Masjumi, the NU, the secular Nationalist Party, and the Communist Party, along with a large number of minor parties. Islamic party representatives were split between the Masjumi, the NU, and other minor Islamic parties, including a remnant of Sarekat Islam, the Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia. They also had to deal with a charismatic president, backed by secular political parties, who was not sympathetic to their goals. Islamic political parties were not to play a significant role in Indonesian national politics until the end of the twentieth century....

United Development Party

United Development Party   Reference library

Fred R. von der Mehden

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
767 words

...Party) was formed in 1973, part of efforts by the then military-dominated Suharto “New Order” to control Islamic political activities in Indonesia. The government forced four Islamic parties into the PPP: the traditional Islamic organization Nahdatul Ulama (Awakening of Muslim Scholars, NU); the Islamic Association of Indonesia (Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia, PSII); the Muslim Party of Indonesia (Partai Muslimin Indonesia Permusi, PMI); and the Islamic Educational Movement (Parti). The two major partners were the traditional Nahdatul Ulama and the...

Hamka

Hamka (1326–1401)   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
1,228 words

...he also read the works of French, English and German scholars and philosophers such as Albert Camus, William James, Freud, Toynbee, Sartre and Karl Marx. As a teenager, ‘Abdul Malik went to Java and later to Yogyakarta, where he was exposed to Islamic political movements and organizations such as Parti Sarekat Islam and Muhammadiyya. He joined Muhammadiyya and later became its leader. While in Java he met several prominent Indonesian figures such as Omar Said Chokroaminoto, Haji Fakhruddin and Ki Bagus Hadikusomo. At the same time he developed his skill at...

Muhammadiyah

Muhammadiyah   Reference library

William E. Shepard

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,154 words

...as dakwah (propagation of Islam), education, and the like, and also separate organizations for women, youth, and so on. It was formed during what is often called the “national awakening” (c. 1900–1930 ), when many political and social groups were formed to deal with the situation under modern colonial rule. The first was Budi Utomo ( 1908 ), a Javanist cultural and educational group of which Dahlan was a member. Others, with which Muhammadiyah interacted, included the politically activist Sarekat Islam ( 1911 ), Persatuan Islam ( 1923 ), similar to the...

View: