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Overview

San Francisco

Subject: Literature

Situated on one of the world's largest bays, on the central California coast, had a population in 1990 of approximately 750,000. The bay may have been sighted by Drake (1579) ...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... Francisco , city in California where Ferdinand Lefroy dies and is buried, DWS RC Randall...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Karen Clay

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
807 words

...Gladys C. San Francisco Almanac: Everything You Want to Know about Everyone's Favorite City . San Francisco, 1995. Hittell, John S. A History of the City of San Francisco and Incidentally of the State of California . San Francisco, 1878. Lotchin, Roger . San Francisco, 1846–1856: From Hamlet to City . New York, 1977. Lotchin, Roger . Fortress California, 1910–1961 . New York, 1992. Millard, Bailey . History of the San Francisco Bay Region: History and Biography . Chicago, 1924. Senkewicz, Robert M. Vigilantes in Gold Rush San Francisco . Stanford,...

San Francisco.

San Francisco.   Reference library

William Issel

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
487 words

...San Francisco. Archaeological evidence dates settlement in present-day San Francisco, California , to 3100 b.c. ; some 500 Native Americans lived on the site when a Spanish mission and presidio (military garrison) were established in 1776 . American conquest took place in 1846 , and the first American mayor changed the name of the village from Yerba Buena to San Francisco in 1847 . An influx of newcomers following the discovery of gold near Sacramento in 1848 pushed the population from 1,000 to 25,000 and propelled San Francisco into the front rank of...

San Francisco

San Francisco (Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, USA, Venezuela)   Quick reference

Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...San Francisco , Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, USA, Venezuela USA (California): originally a Native American settlement, Spanish colonists, led by Lieutenant José Joaquín Moraga ( 1741–85 ) ( see san jose ), built a military post (presidio) in 1776 while Franciscan priests established a mission, the Mission San Francisco de Asis (St Francis of Assisi ( 1181–1226 ), founder of the Franciscan order). This was one of a chain of Franciscan missions. An...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
333 words

... Francisco Situated in northern California on a peninsula jutting into the Pacific Ocean, San Francisco has emerged as one of the leading cultural centres of the United States, if not the world. Its steeply sloping streets, colourful houses and ethnically diverse population host a variety of theatrical entertainments. By 1900 San Francisco already had a 50-year theatrical tradition and, thanks to the completion in 1869 of the Transcontinental Railroad, had witnessed performances by the greatest actors and actresses from both sides of the Atlantic. San...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Marilynn Johnson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...; Missions, in America ; San Francisco Earthquake and Fire; Sixties, The ; and Strikes and Industrial Conflict . ] bibliography Issel, William, and Robert W. Cherny. San Francisco, 1865–1932: Power, Politics, and Urban Development . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Newell, Quincy D. Constructing Lives at Mission San Francisco: Native Californians and Hispanic Colonists, 1776–1821 . Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2009. Sides, Josh. Erotic City: Sexual Revolutions and the Making of Modern San Francisco . New York: Oxford...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Justin Corfield

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,126 words

...Herbert . The Barbary Coast: An Informal History of the San Francisco Underworld . New York: Knopf, 1933. Includes much about the shadier side of life in San Francisco. Bronson, William . The Earth Shook, the Sky Burned . New York: Doubleday, 1959. About the 1906 earthquake. Cole, Tom . A Short History of San Francisco . San Francisco: Lexicos, 1981. Ferlinghetti, Lawrence , and Nancy J. Peters . Literary San Francisco: A Pictorial History from Its Beginnings to the Present Day . San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1980. Justin...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,871 words

...concerned with the right of testimony. And it was in San Francisco that some judges began, even before the law's repeal in 1863 , to receive the testimony of blacks. In 1852 , the California assembly passed a Fugitive Slave Bill although there was strong opposition to it, in many cases by assemblymen from San Francisco. The bill was challenged but upheld in the California Supreme Court. During the Civil War many in San Francisco, black and white, supported the Union, and after the war San Francisco blacks continued their legal and political struggles. The...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
151 words

... Francisco City and port in w California, USA, on a peninsula bounded by the Pacific Ocean (W) and San Francisco Bay (E), which are connected by the Golden Gate Strait. Founded by the Spanish in 1776 , it was captured ( 1846 ) by the USA in the Mexican War . A gold rush ( 1848 ) swelled the town's population. The Pony Express and the completion of the railroad ( 1869 ) brought more settlers, and saw the emergence of Chinatown. Devastated by an earthquake and fire in 1906 , it was quickly rebuilt and prospered with the opening of the Panama Canal ....

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Crime and Mystery Writing

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
891 words

...writer in San Francisco, used the columns of a local paper and the lore of the city for one of his earliest tales of horror, “Kearny Street Ghost Story” ( Golden Era , Jan. 1866 ). Ambrose Bierce , who also practiced the trade of journalism in San Francisco, chose to set his story “Beyond the Wall” ( Cosmopolitan , Dec. 1907 )—which echoes Edgar Allan Poe in its use of a house that resembles the Ushers' and a character derived from the Chevalier C. Auguste Dupin —in a lonely tower toward the ocean beach on the city's bay. San Francisco also served as...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Robert Commanday, Robert Commanday, and Joel Selvin

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
10,072 words
Illustration(s):
2

...San Francisco and Grass Valley. In San Francisco, Oakland, and Peninsula cities (see §2 above), there are in addition to choruses affiliated with orchestras and with educational institutions 15 large adult choral groups: Bay Choral Guild (Los Altos), Berkeley Community Chorus and Orchestra, California Bach Society, Cantare Con Vivo (Oakland), Golden Gate Men's Chorus, Peninsula Cantare (San Carlos), San Francisco Choral Society, San Francisco Bach Choir, San Francisco City Chorus, the San Francisco Civic Chorale, the San Francisco Concert Chorale, San...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
211 words

...Homer Curran , Edwin Lester , and their San Francisco Light Opera Company. After World War II the city saw the rise of the Actor's Workshop and the American Conservatory Theatre as well as numerous interesting Off‐Broadway style groups, including the Magic Theatre, Inc . , Eureka Theatre Company, New Conservatory Theatre Center, San Francisco Mime Troupe , Lorraine Hansberry Theatre, Theatre Rhinoceros, the traveling Jewish Theatre, and nearby Berkeley Repertory Theatre and Marin Theatre Company. San Francisco is still an active touring center, with...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,112 words

...Legacy. Tours of San Francisco Bay Area Architecture (San Francisco, 1978) R. Longstreth : On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century (Boston, 1983) D. Gebhard , R. Winter and E. Sandweiss : Architecture in San Francisco and Northern California (Salt Lake City, 1985) R. Richards : Historic San Francisco: A Concise History and Guide (San Francisco, 1991) M. F. Crowe : Deco by the Bay: Art Deco Architecture in the San Francisco Bay Area (New York, 1995) P. Lloyd : San Francisco: A Guide to Recent...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
932 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Francisco San Francisco Bay is the premier harbor on the American Pacific coast, and it has played an important role in the maritime development of the western United States and of the Pacific Rim in general. As the leading port city of nineteenth-century America, San Francisco served as the hub of Pacific maritime commerce from 1850 to 1950 . The fog-shrouded entrance to the bay was not discovered by Europeans until 1775 , when a Spanish expedition heading north from Monterey first happened upon the sparsely populated region. At that time, the ...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

John Agee Ball

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
490 words

... Francisco Before the US annexation of California in 1846 , theatre in the San Francisco Bay area consisted of Spanish Passion plays , shepherds' plays, religious processionals , and traditional festival entertainments. After the gold rush of 1849 , San Francisco became the theatrical capital of the west coast. David G. ‘Doc’ Robinson founded one of the first theatres in 1850 with profits from his pharmacy: the 280-seat Dramatic Museum on California Street. His playhouse was soon rivalled by Thomas Maguire's Jenny Lind Theatre, which was managed by...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

MM Pack

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...and innovation that defines San Francisco dining. [ See also California ; Chinese Food ; Italian American Food ; Keller, Thomas .] Bibliography Muscatine, Doris . A Cook's Tour of San Francisco: The Best Restaurants and Their Recipes . New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963. Richards, Rand . Historic San Francisco: A Concise History and Guide . San Francisco: Heritage House Publishers, 2007. Saekel, Karola . “Culinary Pioneers: From Acme Bread to Zuni Cafe, the Bay Area Has Shaped How America Eats.” San Francisco Chronicle , September 7, 2005. ...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

Adam Q. Stauffer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

.... The San Francisco Renaissance: Poetics and Community at Mid-century . Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. The best single study of the poets of postwar San Francisco. Notable for its special attention to non-Beat (but no less influential) poets like Robert Duncan, Philip Whalen, and Jack Spicer. Fine, David , and Paul Skenazy , eds. San Francisco in Fiction: Essays in a Regional Literature . Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995. An edited collection of essays that investigate the portrayal of San Francisco in...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Quick reference

Neil Morris

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
137 words

...San Francisco A city and seaport on the coast of California, USA, situated on a peninsula between the Pacific and San Francisco Bay. Founded by the Spanish in 1776 , it was captured by the USA in 1846 and the discovery of gold brought many settlers in 1848–9 . A massive earthquake followed by a fire devastated the city in 1906 , and there have been many less-severe earthquakes since then (especially in 1989 ). It is a major port, and its mild climate and cosmopolitan image are a great attraction for tourists to visit the Golden Gate Bridge and...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
719 words

... Francisco , situated on one of the world's largest bays, on the central California coast, had a population in 1990 of approximately 750,000. The bay may have been sighted by Drake ( 1579 ), but the discoverer of the city's site is usually considered to be Portola , whose expedition arrived in 1770 . Anza founded the mission and presidio ( 1776 ), which, under the administration of Serra , was the beginning of the pueblo Yerba Buena, the present San Francisco. The region became Mexican territory ( 1821 ), but a local insurrection, the Bear Flag War (...

San Francisco

San Francisco   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
278 words

... Francisco (MGM 1936 ). A Hollywood product that was a rarity on two fronts, it was a musical disaster film and it was a disaster picture in which the characters and the story were as intriguing as the special effects. Anita Loos and Robert Hopkins penned the screenplay in which opera singer Mary Blake ( Jeanette MacDonald ) goes to San Francisco's notorious Barbary Coast district in 1906 to sing in a saloon run by Blackie Norton (Clark Gable). She begins a romance with the tough but charming proprietor, but soon high society calls and Mary is...

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