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Overview

Sabbatical Year

Subject: Religion

The one year in seven which the OT ordered to be observed as a ‘Sabbath’, i.e. requiring the land to remain fallow and debtors and Israelite slaves to be freed. See also Jubilee, Year of. ...

Sabbatical Year

Sabbatical Year   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
61 words

... Year (Heb., shemittah ). The year in which, according to Jewish law, the land lies fallow. According to Exodus 23. 10–11 and Deuteronomy 15. 1–11 on the Sabbatical Year, all agricultural work must be suspended and all debts remitted. The seventh Sabbatical Year (or possibly the year after the close of seven Sabbatical cycles) was designated the Jubilee Year...

Sabbatical Year

Sabbatical Year   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
37 words

... Year . The one year in seven which the OT ordered to be observed as a ‘Sabbath’, i.e. requiring the land to remain fallow and debtors and Israelite slaves to be freed. See also Jubilee, Year of...

Sabbatical Year

Sabbatical Year   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
384 words

... Year The seventh year, during which the fields were to be left fallow (Leviticus 25: 1–7) and debts released (Deuteronomy 15: 1–11); Heb. Shemittah (‘Release’). The seven years are counted in the cycle of fifty culminating in the Jubilee and are known by tradition. The year 2000/1, for instance, will be a Sabbatical year. In order to avoid the cancellation of all debts, a serious hardship in our commercial society, the device was introduced even in Talmudic times of handing the debts over before the end of the Sabbatical year, to a temporary court...

Sabbatical year

Sabbatical year   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... year One year in seven, when the land, according to Mosaic law, was to lie fallow ( Exodus 23:10 , Leviticus 25:2–7 , Deuteronomy 15:1–11 ). The term is used in universities and the academic world generally for a specified period of freedom from duties, during which time a professor or lecturer is released to study or...

sabbatical year

sabbatical year   Reference library

CTR Hayward

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
233 words

... year The one year in seven which the Mosaic legislation (Exod. 21: 2–6; Deut. 15: 1–3; 15: 12–18; 31: 10–13; Lev. 25, etc.) ordered to be observed as a ‘Sabbath’, i.e., requiring the land to remain fallow and all debtors and Israelite slaves to be freed. In Lev. 25 a simultaneous fallow year is prescribed, and its observance is attested in Neh. 10: 31 and 1 Macc. 6: 49, 53; cf. Josephus , Antiquities, 14.202, where Julius Caesar is said to have exempted the Jews from taxes in the sabbatical year. In the older strata of the Pentateuch it seems to...

sabbatical year

sabbatical year noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
64 words
sabbatical year

sabbatical year noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
sabbatical year

sabbatical year noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Sabbatical Year

Sabbatical Year  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The one year in seven which the OT ordered to be observed as a ‘Sabbath’, i.e. requiring the land to remain fallow and debtors and Israelite slaves to be freed. See also Jubilee, Year of.
Leviticus

Leviticus   Reference library

Lester L. Grabbe and Lester L. Grabbe

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
22,756 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...there seems to be a contradiction between Leviticus, which sees the year of release as the jubilee, and those other passages which ascribe release to the sabbatical year (see below). This suggests that we find two separate systems, one in which the year of release is the seventh year, and the other in which the year of release is the fiftieth. Those texts which view the seventh year as the year of release do not seem to envisage a jubilee year at all. The existence of a sabbatical year is attested in historical sources of the Second Temple period ( Grabbe ...

1 Maccabees

1 Maccabees   Reference library

U. Rappaport and U. Rappaport

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27,583 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...revolt which are ignored by 1 Macc. v. 49 , ‘sabbatical year’, every seventh year the cultivation of the fields was interrupted according to biblical law ( Ex 23:11; Lev 25:3–7 ). This sabbatical year explains the weakness of Jewish opposition in Beth-zur and the great difficulties in defending Mt. Zion. It seems quite probable indeed that letting the fields lie fallow at the time of war, when many of the farmers were serving in the rebels' ranks, could cause a situation more severe than in a normal sabbatical year, yet it seems that it is also used by the...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...may write a Prosbul for a husband on the security of his wife's property, or for orphans on the security of their guardians' property. Comment : Since all debts were cancelled by the sabbatical year ( Deut 15:2–3 ), it became increasingly difficult as the sabbatical year approached to raise loans. Hillel's Prosbul allowed debts to be collected after the sabbatical year: the written declaration, signed by the court, made the court ultimately responsible for the collection of the debt, and the court, being a corporate body, was not affected by the law of ...

Prosbul

Prosbul  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(from Gk.).Jewish legal formula for reclaiming debts after the Sabbatical Year. A prosbul was signed by witnesses before a bet din and would entitle the creditor to collect his ...
sabbatical

sabbatical  

A period of leave, with full pay, for the purpose of undertaking research or a course of study, or to write for publication. This arrangement is rarely available now outside higher education; and ...
Shemittah

Shemittah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(; let fall, let rest), a sabbatical year. Every seventh year “the land must keep Sabbath unto the Lord” (Lv. 25.2). During this year, land must lie fallow; whatever grows ...
Yovel

Yovel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(; jubilee), the year of release that occurs at the end of the cycle of seven sabbatical years (see Shemittah) once every fifty years. The laws concerning cultivation of the ...
Numbers

Numbers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Several numbers have special significance in the Bible. The most prominent is seven (e.g., seven days of Creation; the Sabbath as the seventh day of the week; the seventh—sabbatical— year ...
Michael Joo

Michael Joo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b Ithaca, NY, 1966),multimedia artist. A second-generation Korean-American, Joo grew up in Minneapolis, MN, and studied briefly at Wesleyan University as a biology major. He took a two-year ...
Jubilee

Jubilee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., yovel).Biblical law requiring the release of slaves and the restoration of family property every fifty years. The agricultural laws of the sabbatical year (i.e. the seventh year of seven) ...
Holiness Code

Holiness Code  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The collection of legal material in Lev. 17–26, so named by A. Klostermann in 1877. There are indications that it is a product of the Exile in Babylon.

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