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Russian Revolution

(1905) A conflict in Russia between the government of Nicholas II and industrial workers, peasants, and armed forces. Heavy taxation had brought mounting distress to the poor, ...

Russian Revolution

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
118 words

... Revolution ( 1905 ) A conflict in Russia between the government of Nicholas II and industrial workers, peasants, and armed forces. Heavy taxation had brought mounting distress to the poor, and Russia’s defeat in the Russo-Japanese War aggravated discontent. A peaceful demonstration in St Petersburg was met with gunfire from the imperial troops. Mutiny broke out on the battleship Potemkin , and a soviet or council of workers’ delegates was formed in St Petersburg. The emperor yielded to demands for reform, including a legislative Duma . The ...

Russian Revolution

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A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
286 words

... Revolution ( 1917 ) The overthrow of the government of Nicholas II in Russia and its replacement by Bolshevik rule under the leadership of Lenin . It was completed in two stages—a liberal (Menshevik) revolution in March (February, old style), which overthrew the imperial government, and a socialist (Bolshevik) revolution in November (October, old style). A long period of repression and unrest, compounded with the reluctance of the Russian people to continue to fight in World War I, led to a series of violent confrontations aiming to overthrow the...

Russian Revolution

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
308 words

...Russian Revolution ( 1905 ) A series of urban revolts, which triggered off extensive peasant unrest, a number of military mutinies, and discontent among non-Russian national groups. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War had just demonstrated the weakness of the Tsarist state. The underlying cause for discontent in the urban areas was the discrepancy between rapid economic and social change due to industrialization on the one hand, and the continued denial of political rights in Tsarist Russia on the other. More immediately, the revolution itself was caused by...

Russian Revolution

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The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,610 words

... Revolution . The revolution that took place in Russia in 1917 was actually a series of overlapping revolutions occurring in rapid succession. First, early in 1917 , the Liberal or Political Revolution of the middle classes and part of the intelligentsia attempted to create a constitutional order. A provisional government, self-selected by leading members of the old tsarist parliament, the Duma, tried to govern the country and guide the revolution along a moderate track while keeping Russia in the war against Germany. Social polarization and growing...

Russian Revolution

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Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,390 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Revolution . The Russian Revolution grew out of two and a half years of devastating losses in an unpopular war, harsh economic problems, and the alienation of the elites as well as of broad sections of the population from the regime of Nicholas II ( r. 1894–1917 ). The revolution evolved through several stages in 1917 . The February Revolution and New Revolutionary Regime. The revolution began as a great popular revolt in the capital, Petrograd (the name was changed from Saint Petersburg in 1914 ). A wave of industrial strikes at the beginning of ...

Russian Revolution

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
224 words

... Revolution ( 1917 ) Events in Russia that resulted in the founding of a republic (March) and in the seizure of power by the Bolsheviks (November). (In the calendar in use at the time, the two stages took place in February and October.) Widespread discontent, a strong revolutionary movement, and the hardships of World War 1 forced Tsar Nicholas II to abdicate in March. A provisional government was formed by liberals in the Duma (parliament), which represented the middle classes. Its aim was to make Russia into a liberal democracy and to defeat...

Russian Revolution

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Ronald Grigor Suny

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,697 words

... Revolution The revolution that took place in Russia in 1917 was actually a series of overlapping revolutions occurring in rapid succession. First, early in 1917 , the Liberal, or Political, Revolution of the middle classes and part of the intelligentsia attempted to create a constitutional order. A provisional government, self-selected by leading members of the old tsarist parliament, the Duma, tried to govern the country and guide the revolution along a moderate track while keeping Russia in the war against Germany. Social polarization and growing...

Russian Revolution, 1991

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Stephen Whitefield

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
208 words

... Revolution, 1991 The so‐called second Russian revolution occurred in August 1991 when the coup by hard‐liners wishing to prevent the demise of communist power and the Soviet Union was defeated. The coup took place on the eve of the signing of a new union treaty that envisaged the transfer of power from the centre to the republics. Mikhail Gorbachev, the President of the USSR, was on holiday in the Crimea when the coup took place. On 19 August, a ‘State Committee for the State of Emergency’ appeared on television, headed by the Vice‐President Gennady...

Russian Revolution, 1917

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Geraldine Lievesley

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
790 words

... Revolution, 1917 There were two revolutions in 1917 , the one in February which saw the collapse of Tsarism, and the Bolshevik insurrection of October. With an economy crippled by Russian involvement in the First World War and the Tsar’s political authority challenged by all social groups, the system imploded in a series of spontaneous demonstrations between 23 and 27 February (women against high prices, strikers in clashes with troops, desertions from garrison regiments) which culminated in Nicholas II ’s abdication on 3 March. The Duma declared itself...

Russian Revolution of 1905

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
84 words

... Revolution of 1905 Series of violent strikes and protests against Tsarist rule in Russia. It was provoked mainly by defeat in the Russo-Japanese War ( 1904–05 ). It began on Bloody Sunday ( January 22 ), when a peaceful demonstration in St Petersburg was fired on by troops. Strikes and peasant risings spread, culminating in a general strike in October, which forced the Tsar to institute a democratically elected Duma (parliament). By the time it met in 1906 , the government had regained control. Severe repression...

Russian Revolution

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
144 words
Russian Revolution

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The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
113 words
Russian Revolution

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
147 words
Russian Revolution

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The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
98 words
Russian Revolution

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Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
135 words
Russian Revolution of 1905

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
85 words
Russian Revolution of 1905

Russian Revolution of 1905   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
77 words
Russian Revolution of 1905

Russian Revolution of 1905   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
79 words
Russian Revolution of 1905

Russian Revolution of 1905   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
80 words
Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1917)The overthrow of the government of Nicholas II in Russia and its replacement by Bolshevik rule under the leadership of Lenin. It was completed in two stages – a liberal (Menshevik) revolution ...

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