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Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
277 words

... of Aquileia , more fully Tyrannius Rufinus , Latin writer and translator; born at Concordia near Aquileia ca. 345 , died Messina 410. After studies in Rome, where he met Jerome , Rufinus went to Egypt ca. 372 , thence to Jerusalem, where a decade later he founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives with Melania the Elder . In the interim, he had studied at Alexandria, where he was captivated by the Origenism of Didymos the Blind . Returning to Aquileia in 397 , he devoted his last years largely to Latin translations of the Greek fathers. The...

Rufinus of Aquileia

Rufinus of Aquileia (345–c.410)   Reference library

Philip Amidon

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Eusebius of Caesarea ’s Church History at the request of Chromatius of Aquileia , who wanted something to read to his people to divert their attention from the threat posed by Alaric ’s siege of Milan . Amplified by Rufinus’ own continuation (which carried the narrative forward from 325 to 395), it was the first Latin church history and proved immensely popular and influential during the millennium when ignorance of Greek in the West made Eusebius’ original practically inaccessible to the Church there. Socrates made critical use of Rufinus’ ...

St Chromatius

St Chromatius  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(d. 407), Bp. of Aquileia from c.388. He was a learned scholar and tried to mediate between St Jerome and Rufinus. Some of his sermons have long been known; others have been identified in modern ...
Rufinus

Rufinus  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(fl. 399–401?), commonly called the Syrian, author of a Liber de Fide, described in the only known MS as the work of Rufinus, priest of the province of Palestine. The fact that this work is hostile ...
Melania

Melania  

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Overview Page
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Religion
1 ‘The Elder’ (c.342–c.410), a wealthy Roman lady. On the death of her husband, she adopted an ascetic life, left Rome, and founded a double monastery with Rufinus of Aquileia on the Mount of ...
St Anastasius I

St Anastasius I  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(27 Nov. 399–19 Dec. 401)A Roman by birth, he had hardly become pope when he was plunged into the quarrel then raging over Origen, the outstanding but controversial 3rd-century Greek theologian. This ...
Jerome

Jerome  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(c.341–420),monk and Doctor of the Church. Born at Strido, near Aquileia, in Dalmatia, Jerome was well educated, first by his father, then by the grammarian Donatus at Rome. After this he studied ...
Chromatius, St

Chromatius, St (d. 407)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44 words

...St ( d. 407 ), Bp. of Aquileia from c. 388 . He was a learned scholar and tried to mediate between St Jerome and Rufinus . Some of his sermons have long been known; others have been identified in modern...

Rufinus, Tyrannius

Rufinus, Tyrannius (345–411)   Reference library

Robert Evans

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
677 words

...work). Rufinus was also responsible for transmitting Eusebius ’ Ecclesiastical History to the Latin W., in a free translation which condensed books 9 and 10, and added a narrative of his own down to 395. Along with Orosius , Rufinus thus laid the foundations for Christian Lat. historiography. His commentary on the Apostles’ Creed , which is partly based on the ‘Catechetical Discourses’ of Cyril of Jerusalem , gives the earliest continuous Lat. text of the 4th-cent. form of the creed, as used at Aquileia and Rome. At the invitation of Paulinus of Nola,...

Rufinus, Tyrannius

Rufinus, Tyrannius (c.345–411)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
188 words

..., Tyrannius or Turranius ( c. 345–411 ), monk , historian , and translator . Born near Aquileia , he went to Egypt c. 373 and for some years studied at Alexandria under Didymus the Blind . In 381 he was in Jerusalem . He had a part in founding a double monastery on the Mount of Olives . He returned to Italy in 397. Though he was also an original writer, Rufinus is important mainly as a translator of Greek theological works into Latin at a time when knowledge of Greek was declining in the W. His free rendering of Origen 's De Principiis...

Melania

Melania   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
77 words

.... 1 ‘The Elder’ ( c. 342– c. 410 ), a wealthy Roman lady. On the death of her husband, she adopted an ascetic life, left Rome, and founded a double monastery with Rufinus of Aquileia on the Mount of Olives . 2 Her granddaughter, St Melania ‘the Younger’ ( c. 385–438/ 9 ), with her husband joined St Jerome at Bethlehem; she founded another monastery on the Mount of Olives. Feast day, 31...

Chromatius of Aquileia

Chromatius of Aquileia (388–406)   Reference library

Robert McEachnie

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Aquileia ( bishop 388–406 / 7 ) Preacher and leader in the northern Italian city of Aquileia . Chromatius led an ascetic group 369–72 which included Rufinus , Jerome , Heliodorus, and others ‘like a chorus of the blessed’ (Jerome, Chron. 247f. Helm). As a priest he spoke at the Council of Aquileia in 381 in favour of the Nicene position. Jerome credited Chromatius with eliminating the Arians in the city ( ep . 7). He mediated in the dispute between Jerome and Rufinus in 401 and funded works for both. His final act seems to have been...

Frumentius

Frumentius   Reference library

David Phillipson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...First Bishop of Aksum . Of Syrian extraction, Frumentius came to Aksum as a youth, probably c. 320–30. Rufinus of Aquileia ( HE X, 9–11) recorded that Frumentius entered the service of the Aksumite king and continued to serve his successor Ezana (whose mother served as a regent for him during his minority). Frumentius associated with a group of Christians at Aksum and, when the young King Ezana assumed full authority, went to Alexandria to seek the patriarch ’s appointment of a bishop for the Aksumite Christians. The Patriarch ...

Historia Monachorum in Aegypto

Historia Monachorum in Aegypto   Reference library

J. William Harmless

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Egypt . The text offers valuable eyewitness accounts of the monastic settlements of Nitria and Kellia . The author of the Greek original is unknown, but he seems to have been connected with Rufinus of Aquileia ’s monastery on the Mount of Olives. Rufinus translated the work into Latin with modifications and added extra material based on his own experiences. J. William Harmless ed. A.-J. Festugière (with FT and comm.) (SubsHag 34, 1971). ET (with introd. by B. Ward) N. Russell , Lives of the Desert Fathers (CSS 34, 1981). Frank , Memory of the...

Rufinus

Rufinus (2)(of *Aquileia)   Reference library

C. P. Bammel

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
260 words

... (2) of Aquileia , Christian writer , translator , and monastic leader , born c. ad 345 at Concordia Sagittaria of good family, boyhood friend of Jerome , whose education he shared, baptised at Aquileia c. 371 , studied in Egypt for eight years under Didymus the Blind and desert hermits, presided over a monastery on the Mount of Olives, and from 393 onwards became involved in the Origenist controversy ( see origen ( 1 ) ), returning to Italy in 397 . He there produced many translations or adaptations from the Greek, including *Eusebius' ...

Historia Tripartita

Historia Tripartita   Reference library

Brian Croke

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...The History was set out in twelve books and was generally copied together with the Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia . It became one of the most frequently consulted and widespread texts of medieval Europe (157 extant manuscripts). Brian Croke ed. W. Jakob (with R. Hanslik), Historia Ecclesiastica Tripartita (CSEL 71, 1952). R. Hanslik , ‘Epiphanius Scholasticus oder Cassiodor? Zur Historia Ecclesiastica Tripartita’, Philologus 115 (1971),...

Chromatius, St

Chromatius, St (407)   Reference library

Lewis Ayres

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
197 words

...St (d. 407 ) Bp of Aquileia , N. Italy. He succeeded Valerian in the see c . 388 . He took part in the Council of Aquileia (381). He attempted to mediate between Rufinus and Jerome during the Origenist dispute. He was a strong supporter of Chrysostom , on whose behalf he interceded, without success, with the Emp. Honorius. Eighteen of his Homilies on Mt. [3: 15–17; 5: 1–6: 24], including a separate treatise on the Eight Beatitudes, have long been known, but since 1960 many more have been identified apparently from an extensive comm. on Mt. In...

Gelasios of Caesarea

Gelasios of Caesarea   Reference library

Barry Baldwin

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
212 words

...or three Gelasioses of Caesarea and lists their works, among which was the Church History , which ends with the death of Constantine the Great . Its relationship to the last two books of the continuation by Rufinus of Aquileia is much disputed (J. Schamp, PBR 6 [ 1987 ] 146–52; idem, Byzantion 57 [ 1987 ] 360–90). Only fragments survive, as is the case with his Exposition of the Symbol , possibly similar to the catechetical lectures of his uncle Cyril. A polemic Against the Anomaeans mentioned by Photios is lost. ed. Diekamp , AnalPatr 16–49. F....

Melania

Melania (342–c.410)   Reference library

Gordon Campbell

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
203 words

...to Rome. On the early death of her husband and two of her three children, she adopted the ascetic life, in 372 or 374 left Rome for Egypt and Palestine, and founded a double monastery with Rufinus of Aquileia on the Mt of Olives . She supported the Origenists in the debates of the 390s, and incurred the wrath of Jerome . In 399 or 400 she returned to Italy. Some time before 408 she fled before the Visigoths by way of Sicily and Africa to Jerusalem , where she died. Gordon Campbell The chief sources are the Life of Melania the Younger, and scattered...

Socrates Scholasticus

Socrates Scholasticus   Reference library

Jill Diana Harries

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
186 words

..., a lawyer in Constantinople , continued the Historia Ecclesiastica of Eusebius from ad 305 to 439, basing his account on documentary and first-hand testimony, as Eusebius had done. Books 1–2, at first dependent on the history of Rufinus (2) of Aquileia, were revised in the light of Athanasius' writings; Socrates' sources for the eastern Church (he knew little of the west) included documentary collections such as the conciliar Acta assembled by bishop Sabinus of Heraclea in 375 , now lost. As a layman, he was relatively indifferent to...

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