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Royal Shakespeare Company

In 1961 the company playing at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre was reorganized and given its present name, the theatre being at the same time renamed the Royal Shakespeare. Its first ... ...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
45 words

... Shakespeare Company ( RSC ) State-subsidized British theatrical repertory company, based in Stratford-upon-Avon. Originally known as the Shakespeare Memorial Company, it received a royal charter in 1961 . In 1960 , it established a second base in London and performed Shakespearean plays alongside other classical and contemporary...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
356 words

... Shakespeare Company . In 1961 the company playing at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre was reorganized and given its present name, the theatre being at the same time renamed the Royal Shakespeare . Its first director was Peter Hall , under whom the company embarked on an ambitious programme which included establishing a permanent base in London at the Aldwych Theatre to stage modern plays and non-Shakespearian classics as well as transfers of the Shakespeare productions from Stratford. It also housed the annual World Theatre Seasons . The plays of...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
981 words

...with substantial state support. In 1961 the enterprise was renamed the Royal Shakespeare Company with the Aldwych Theatre as the London base. Hall involved young directors like *Brook and *Barton but also *Saint-Denis , whose non-British perspective was crucial to the company's development. Hall's company became known for its innovative Shakespeare productions, like Brook's King Lear ( 1962 ) and Hall and Barton's The Wars of the Roses ( 1963 ), but also for its exploration of the European repertory in *Brecht 's The Caucasian Chalk Circle ...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

Robert Smallwood

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Shakespeare Company . What is now undoubtedly the most productive and significant Shakespeare theatre company in the world was created in 1961 by Peter (now Sir Peter) Hall from the former Shakespeare Memorial Theatre company in Stratford-upon-Avon. Hall’s principal innovations were to acquire public (Arts Council) funding and a London base (the Aldwych theatre) for what had previously been only a Stratford summer festival company, thus allowing actors to be offered longer contracts and the company’s work to be seen in the capital. From that initial...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

Peter Holland

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,185 words

...drama and new plays. Hall also conceived of the new model as a national company with substantial state support. In 1961 the enterprise was renamed the Royal Shakespeare Company and Hall's model was adopted, with the Aldwych Theatre as the London base. Hall involved young directors like Peter Brook and John Barton but also Michel Saint-Denis , whose non-British perspective was crucial to the company's development. Hall's company became known for its innovative Shakespeare productions, like Brook's King Lear ( 1962 ) and Hall and Barton's ...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,925 words

...to lead the new company as its first three-year contracted player; the Stratford stage was redesigned; a London theatre, the Aldwych (seating 1,000), was leased – against the wishes of the West End's commercial managers and only after some smart footwork by Hall; leading playwrights were commissioned, among them John Arden , Robert Bolt , Peter Shaffer and John Whiting ; and, in the most public break with the past, the Memorial Theatre was renamed the Royal Shakespeare Theatre and the company became known as the Royal Shakespeare Company. The London home...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Quick reference

Michael Patterson

Dictionary Plus Performing Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Performing arts
Length:
135 words

...Royal Shakespeare Company British theatre company based in Stratford-upon-Avon, where the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre had held summer festivals from its founding in 1879 . Under the initiative of Peter Hall ( 1930–2017 ), it was proposed to establish a permanent company, which would have an additional base in London and receive state subsidies to perform Shakespeare’s works and other significant plays. It received a royal charter in 1961 and gave opportunities to young and innovative directors such as Peter Brook ( King Lear , 1962 ; Peter Weiss’s ...

Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
38 words
Royal Shakespeare Company

Royal Shakespeare Company  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In 1961 the company playing at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre was reorganized and given its present name, the theatre being at the same time renamed the Royal Shakespeare. Its first ...
The Merry Wives of Windsor

The Merry Wives of Windsor   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,720 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., its musical transformations including Otto Nicolai ’s Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor ( 1848 ) and Verdi ’s last masterpiece Falstaff ( 1893 ). Gregory Doran added a minor footnote to this tradition in 2006 when he directed Merry Wives—The Musical for the Royal Shakespeare Company , with Judi Dench as Mistress Quickly. Michael Dobson On the screen: Historically interesting screen versions include the BBC TV transmission of Glen Byam Shaw ’s Christmassy Stratford production ( 1955 ), with Anthony Quayle , and the 1982 BBC TV production with...

Richard III

Richard III   Reference library

Randall Martin and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,559 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of events from Richard’s reign—was intended to capitalize on the success of Shakespeare’s play, which was subsequently listed in Francis Meres ’s Palladis Tamia ( 1598 ). ‘That bottled spider, that foul bunch-backed toad’ ( Richard III 4.4.81). Antony Sher in Bill Alexander’s production, RSC, 1984: his Richard’s likeness to a predatory arachnid was unforgettably enhanced by the black crutches on which he scuttled and swung across the stage. Reg Wilson ©Royal Shakespeare Company Text: The play first appeared in a quarto edition in 1598 (known as Q1),...

Titus Andronicus

Titus Andronicus   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,504 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...his dislike for the play and by arguing that Titus Andronicus is ‘none of Shakespeare’s plays’. Most of the 18th-century editors of Shakespeare followed suit. Capell however advanced the hypothesis of an early date of composition and accounted for Shakespeare’s indulgent representation of violence on stage by relating the play to the popularity enjoyed by the ‘blood tragedies’ written in the late 1580s and early 1590s. In 1785 Malone ascribed the play to Marlowe, Shakespeare’s main rival at the beginning of his career. The theory of co-authorship, which...

King John

King John   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,371 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...L. , ‘Commodity and Honour in King John ’, University of Toronto Quarterly 29 (1960) Matchett, William H. , ‘Richard’s Divided Heritage in King John ’, Essays in Criticism 12 (1962) Smallwood, R. L. , ‘Shakespeare Unbalanced: The Royal Shakespseare Company’s King John , 1974–5’, Shakespeare Jahrbuch 1976 Sprague, A. C. , Shakespeare’s Histories: Plays for the Stage ...

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800

20a The History of the Book in Britain, c.1475–1800   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,011 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the foremost London houses of the 18 th century—was wound up following the death of Jacob Tonson III in 1767 , the rights held by the company were sold at auction for £9,550 19 s . 6 d ., despite the fact that the copyright on many of the 600 lots being offered for sale had expired. A notable example is the Tonson rights in Shakespeare, which fetched £1,200 at the *trade sale , even though Shakespeare’s works had effectively been out of copyright for more than three decades (Belanger, 195; Blagden, ‘Trade Sales’, 250). The London trade’s insistence...

Henry IV Part 1

Henry IV Part 1   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,574 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...valour. The King divides his forces so that they may follow up this victory against the remaining rebels throughout the kingdom. Artistic features: The play is the first of Shakespeare’s histories to weave together tragedy and comedy (into the ‘double plot’ influentially analysed by William Empson ) : its mainly prose scenes in which Prince Harry seems disloyally to prefer the company of his surrogate parent Sir John to that of his real father provide a comic counterpoint to the political rebellion with which King Henry is confronted in the main plot. The...

As You Like It

As You Like It   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,253 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Royal competed with their rival productions), and indeed made her final stage appearance in the role, collapsing with a stroke in the middle of the epilogue in 1757 . Even Sarah Siddons played Rosalind in 1785 and 1786 , but her gravity of demeanour suited her badly to the part (generally played at the time with tomboyish extroversion): far more successful was Dorothea Jordan , whose roguish performance helped to assure that from 1787 to her departure in 1814 the play was acted at Drury Lane more frequently than any other in the Shakespeare...

Troilus and Cressida

Troilus and Cressida   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,065 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Barton–Peter Hall Troilus and Cressida , RSC, 1960: one reviewer described her as a ‘rippling wisp of carnality that is almost unbearably alluring’. Angus McBean ©Royal Shakespeare Company Text: This ambiguous play has a thoroughly ambiguous textual history. Despite its 1603 entry in the Stationers’ Register, the play appeared in quarto only in 1609 , in an edition (set from Shakespeare’s foul papers ) which exists in two contradictory states: one promises on its title page that it prints Troilus and Cressida ‘As it was acted by the King’s Majesty’s...

All Is True

All Is True   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,792 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Company’s repertoire in 1628 (when Charles I’s favourite George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, commissioned a private performance at the rebuilt Globe), and after the Restoration it established itself as a regularly revived ‘stock’ play from 1664 onwards. Thomas Betterton played the King, coached (according to a memoir of 1708 ) by Sir William Davenant , who had his view of the role from Lowin , said to have been instructed in it by Shakespeare himself. During the 18th century the play was performed often, especially whenever public interest in royal...

The Winter’s Tale

The Winter’s Tale   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,428 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...criticism Barber, C. L. , in Shakespeare’s Festive Comedy (1959) Bartholomeusz, Dennis , ‘ The Winter’s Tale’ on the Stage in England and America, 1611–1976 (1982) Belsey, Catherine , in Shakespeare and the Loss of Eden (1999) Bishop, T. G. , in Shakespeare and the Theatre of Wonder (1996) Bristol, Michael , ‘In Search of the Bear’, Shakespeare Quarterly , 42 (1991) Cavell, Stanley , in Disowning Knowledge (1987) Coghill, Nevill , ‘Six Points of Stage-craft in The Winter’s Tale ’, Shakespeare Survey 11 (1958) Morse, William R. ,...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...major editions Recent major editions David Bevington (New Cambridge, 1990); Michael Neill (Oxford, 1994); John Wilders (New Arden, 1997) Some representative criticism Bradley, A. C. , ‘Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra ’, in Oxford Lectures on Poetry (1909) Charney, Maurice , Shakespeare’s Roman Plays (1961) Kahn, Coppélia , Roman Shakespeare ...

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