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Rothschild Family

Subject: History

A Jewish banking family whose members exerted considerable influence on both economic and political affairs during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Mayer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfurt, ...

Rothschild family

Rothschild family   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
81 words

... family In the 19 th and 20 th centuries, various family members collected illuminated MSS. Many of them entered the collection of James de *Rothschild , which was divided among his three children: James ( 1878–1957 ), whose collection is housed at Waddesdon Manor, Maurice ( 1878–1957 ), and Alexandrine ( 1884–1965 ), both of whose MSS were sold after World War II. A. S. G. Edwards C. de Hamel , The Rothschilds and their Collections of Illuminated Manuscripts ...

Rothschild Family

Rothschild Family   Reference library

Niall Ferguson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,547 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Rothschild Family . Owned and run as a private family partnership, but operating in multiple financial centers, the Rothschild bank was the largest and most powerful financial institution of the nineteenth century. The original “house” of M. A. Rothschild was founded in Frankfurt by Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812) in the 1790s. Originally a dealer in coins and other antiquities, Mayer Amschel became broker and later investment manager to William IX (1743–1821) , the wealthy Prince (later elector) of Hesse-Kassel. By 1797 , Rothschild had...

Rothschild Family

Rothschild Family   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
239 words

... Family A Jewish banking family whose members exerted considerable influence on both economic and political affairs during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Mayer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfurt, who became financial adviser to the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, founded the Rothschild banking house in the 18th century. He and his five sons prospered in the years of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars and moved to London in 1804 . They loaned money for the raising of mercenary armies and negotiated means of bypassing Napoleon’s Continental System...

Rothschild Family

Rothschild Family  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A Jewish banking family whose members exerted considerable influence on both economic and political affairs during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Mayer Amschel Rothschild of Frankfurt, who became ...
Jewish Family Names

Jewish Family Names   Reference library

Alexander Beider

Dictionary of American Family Names (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Names studies
Length:
7,422 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... ‘pear tree’, Grünhut ‘green hat’ (see Greenhut ), Haas ‘hare’, Papagei ‘parrot’, Rindskopf ‘cow’s head’, Rothschild ‘red sign’, Schiff ‘ship’, and Strauss ‘ostrich’. However, because there was no legal requirement for Jewish surnames, they were not necessarily inherited by children. In Eastern Europe, in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, surnames were almost entirely absent. The only exceptions were in some rabbinical families. Among the most famous are Auerbach , Bachrach , Cheifetz , Eiger , Epstein , Ettingen or Ettinger , ...

Music

Music   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the best (usually foreign) musicians. When Rossini appeared at Almack's in 1824 , the old system of aristocratic patronesses was revived to ensure a select audience. City merchants and bankers promoted some of the most opulent private concerts (Moscheles was patronized by the Rothschilds), and while such patronage was still available there was little incentive for risky entrepreneurial venture in the market-place. Polite society still held the cultural reins, deciding which musicians were to be ‘in’ and which ‘out’. How did these celebrations of high art relate...

Lionel Rothschild

Lionel Rothschild  

(1808–79).Banker and politician. Rothschild's father, of a family of German Jews, came to England in 1797 to conduct business and was greatly employed in financing the Napoleonic wars. Lionel ...
Hippolyte-Alexandre-Gabriel-Walter Destailleur

Hippolyte-Alexandre-Gabriel-Walter Destailleur  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1822–93).Paris-born architect. He built a number of town- and country-houses in a Renaissance Revival style, including the Château du Duc de Massa, Franconville, Oise (1880–5), Waddesdon Manor, near ...
Sir Joseph Paxton

Sir Joseph Paxton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1803–65).English gardener. Discovered by William Spencer (1790–1858) 6th Duke (from 1811) of Devonshire, he was appointed (1826) Head Gardener at Chatsworth, Derbys., where he remained for 30 years, ...
country houses

country houses  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The country house was the focal point and symbol of the ascendancy of the gentry in the period between the Glorious Revolution and the First World War. It no longer had military significance. It was ...
Rothschild

Rothschild   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The name is associated with the great wealth of the international banking family of Rothschild, whose name derives from the red shield by which their parent house at Frankfurt was known. The family banking business really stems from the activities of Mayer Amschel Rothschild ( 1744–1812 ), who made a fortune during the Napoleonic Wars. His five sons separated, extending the business throughout Europe. Nathan Mayer Rothschild ( 1777–1836 ) established a branch at London in 1798 and made a financial scoop by his advance knowledge of the defeat of ...

Rothschild

Rothschild   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
212 words

...are still in family ownership, but the family has also given generously to public collections and the best idea of Rothschild wealth and taste can be obtained at Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire, which was presented to the National Trust in 1957 . It was built in 1874–89 in ornate French Renaissance style for Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild ( 1839–98 ) to house his collection, particularly rich in 18th-century French paintings, porcelain, furniture, and carpets. For patronage of living artists, the most enterprising member of the family has perhaps been...

Rothschild, Lionel

Rothschild, Lionel (1808–79)   Reference library

J. A. Cannon

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
190 words

..., Lionel ( 1808–79 ) . Banker and politician. Rothschild ’s father, of an international family of German Jews, came to England in 1797 to conduct business and was greatly employed in financing the Napoleonic wars. Lionel succeeded to the English business in 1836 , supplied loans for the Crimean War , and provided Disraeli with £4 million in 1876 for the purchase of the Suez canal shares. Returned to Parliament in 1847 for London as a Liberal, Rothschild could not take the required oath as a Christian and was not allowed to sit. Though...

Rothschild, Meyer Amschel

Rothschild, Meyer Amschel (1744–1812)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
66 words

..., Meyer Amschel ( 1744–1812 ) German financier , founder of a banking dynasty. He made his fortune in Frankfurt during the Napoleonic Wars. His five sons established branches in the financial centres of Europe. The Rothschilds were one of the chief financial powers in the 19th century, but developments in state financing reduced their influence. The family continues to be active in banking and as...

Mouton Rothschild, Château

Mouton Rothschild, Château   Reference library

Edmund Penning-Rowsell and Jancis Robinson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

...de rothschild , of the English branch of the family, two years before the 1855 classification which placed Mouton Rothschild at the top of the second growths, a position unsatisfactory to the family but not seriously contested until Baron Philippe de Rothschild took over the running of it from his father in 1922 . He startled Bordeaux by employing a poster artist, Carlu, to design an art-deco label, including the Rothschild arrows, for the 1924 vintage and then proposing château bottling of all the first growths (and Mouton Rothschild). He also...

Rothschild, Meyer Amschel

Rothschild, Meyer Amschel (1743–1812)([People])   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
135 words

..., Meyer Amschel [People] ( 1743–1812 ) A German Jew who founded a banking house in Frankfurt and a dynasty. His five sons set up banks throughout Europe. His third son Nathan ( 1777–1836 ), who founded the London bank, made a £1 million profit on the Stock Exchange having staked his fortune on the outcome of the Battle of *Waterloo . > An immensely wealthy person or family If she wanted a new hat, he'd say hadn't he bought her a hat only five or six years ago and get off nasty cracks about women who seemed to think they'd married into the...

Rothschilds, The

Rothschilds, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
208 words

..., The (Lunt-Fontanne Theatre 1970 ). An expertly crafted musical play about the famous banking family, the Jewish show was viewed as the flip side of Fiddler on the Roof ( 1964 ). The lives and fortunes of the wealthy Jewish Rothschild family were chronicled starting with its humble beginnings in the Frankfort ghetto, where patriarch Mayer Rothschild ( Hal Linden ) weds Gutele (Leila Martin). With his sons, Mayer begins his business and it grows until the family is a powerful influence at the Congress of Vienna. Also in the cast were Keene...

Mouton Cadet

Mouton Cadet   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

...Cadet , the most successful Bordeaux brand , began life in 1927 , a poor vintage in which Baron Philippe de rothschild created what was effectively a second wine called Carruades de Mouton for Ch mouton rothschild , but it was not a success. Its successor in 1930 was named Mouton-Cadet, since Philippe was the cadet , the youngest, of the family. Eventually, as Mouton Cadet, it developed a prosperous life of its own, and demand was so great that the flexibility of the bordeaux aoc appellation was needed. Today Mouton Cadet is available in red,...

Rothschilds and wine

Rothschilds and wine   Reference library

Edmund Penning-Rowsell and Jancis Robinson

The Oxford Companion to Wine (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2023

... and wine . The Rothschilds first entered the world of wine in 1853 when Baron Nathaniel ( 1812–70 ), grandson of Mayer Amschel and a member of the English branch of the family, bought Brane Mouton and renamed it Ch mouton rothschild . This was common practice among more important château owners. It was a buyer’s market in Bordeaux vineyards then devastated by oidium, or powdery mildew , and the Rothschild purchase was viewed more as a property transaction than as the acquisition of a distinguished vineyard. When the important 1855 ...

Rothschild, Nathaniel Mayer Victor, 3rd Baron

Rothschild, Nathaniel Mayer Victor, 3rd Baron (1910–1990)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
265 words

...government policies in a broader and longer-term context than hitherto. It was seen as a controversial appointment in view of Rothschild's former allegiance to the Labour Party in the House of Lords. He also served on other government committees, notably as chairman of the Royal Commission on Gambling ( 1976–78 ), and was also chairman of Rothschilds Continuation and a director of the family merchant bank, N. M. Rothschild and Sons...

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