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Roger Brooke Taney

Subject: Law

,born 17 March 1777, Calvert County, Maryland, died 12 October 1864, Washington, D.C. Taney’s parents, Michael Taney and Monica Brooke Taney, came from a long line of wealthy ...

Taney, Roger Brooke

Taney, Roger Brooke (17 Mar. 1777)   Reference library

Walter Ehrlich

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,973 words

...evaluate Taney's overall contributions to American jurisprudence, they rank him, in spite of Dred Scott , among the greats. See also State Sovereignty and States' Rights . Frank Otto Gatell , Roger B. Taney, in The Justices of the United States Supreme Court 1789–1969 , edited by Leon Friedman and Fred L. Israel , vol. 1 (1969): 635–655. Timothy S. Huebner , The Taney Court: Justices, Rulings, and Legacy (2003). Walker Lewis , Without Fear or Favor: A Biography of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney (1965). Carl Brent Swisher , Roger B. Taney (1935)....

Taney, Roger Brooke

Taney, Roger Brooke (1836–64)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
734 words

... Mar. 15, 1836 , by a 29–15 vote; served until Oct. 12, 1864 • Died: Oct. 12, 1864 , Washington, D.C. Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney is linked inseparably with his infamous opinion in Scott v. Sandford ( 1857 ), which sanctioned slavery and denied the rights of black Americans. Yet Taney freed his own slaves, which he inherited. He also has been ranked by legal scholars as one of the great justices in Supreme Court history. Roger Taney began his career in the federal government as a staunch Jacksonian Democrat. He served President Andrew Jackson's...

Taney, Roger Brooke

Taney, Roger Brooke (17 March 1777)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
873 words

..., Roger Brooke , born 17 March 1777 , Calvert County, Maryland, died 12 October 1864 , Washington, D.C. Taney’s parents, Michael Taney and Monica Brooke Taney , came from a long line of wealthy Maryland tobacco planters. Taney was valedictorian of Dickinson College in 1795 , and was admitted to the bar in 1799 . In 1806 he married Anne Key , sister of the prominent Maryland attorney Francis Scott Key . Taney was a Roman Catholic, the first to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court . Before joining the Court, Taney practiced law, freed the few slaves...

Taney, Roger Brooke

Taney, Roger Brooke   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
84 words
Roger Brooke Taney

Roger Brooke Taney  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
,born 17 March 1777, Calvert County, Maryland, died 12 October 1864, Washington, D.C.Taney’s parents, Michael Taney and Monica Brooke Taney, came from a long line of wealthy Maryland tobacco ...
Holmes v. Jennison

Holmes v. Jennison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
14 Pet. (39 U.S.) 540 (1840), argued 24–25 Jan. 1840, dismissed 4 Mar. 1840 by vote of 4 to 4; Taney for himself, Story, McLean, and Wayne; opinions in disagreement by Thompson, Baldwin, Barbour, and ...
Kentucky v. Dennison

Kentucky v. Dennison  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
24 How. (65 U.S.) 66 (1861), argued 20 Feb. 1861, decided 14 Mar. 1861 by vote of 8 to 0; Taney for the Court. In 1859 Willis Lago, a free black from Ohio, helped a Kentucky slave named Charlotte ...
Passenger Cases

Passenger Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(Smith v. Turner, Norris v. Boston), 7 How. (48 U.S.) 283 (1849), argued 19–22 Dec. 1848, decided 7 Feb. 1849 by vote of 5 to 4; no opinion for the Court (McLean, Wayne, Catron, McKinley, and Grier ...
Bronson v. Kinzie

Bronson v. Kinzie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
42 U.S. 311 (1843), submitted without oral argument, decided 23 Feb. 1843 by vote of 6 to 1; Taney for the Court, McLean in dissent, Story and McKinley not participating. Bronson exemplified the ...
Social Background of the Justices

Social Background of the Justices  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The personal attributes of the justices of the Supreme Court have, since the Court's beginning in 1790, been the center of intense political interest. Serious scholarly analysis of such attributes ...
Noah Haynes Swayne

Noah Haynes Swayne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Frederick County, Va., 7 Dec. 1804; d. New York City, 8 June 1884; interred Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.), associate justice, 1862–1881.Born in Virginia in 1804, Noah Swayne ...
Territories and New States

Territories and New States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article IV, section 3 of the Constitution empowered Congress to make appropriate “Rules and Regulations” for federal territory and provided that new states “may be admitted by the Congress into ...
Technology and Law

Technology and Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Our age is noteworthy for the development of a range of powerful technologies. During the past century, new modes of transportation opened up opportunities for traveling over great distances. During ...
Guarantee Clause

Guarantee Clause  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Article IV, section 4 of the Constitution reads: “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government.” By inserting these words in the ...
Benjamin Chew Howard

Benjamin Chew Howard  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Baltimore County, Md., 5 Nov. 1791; d. Baltimore, Md., 6 Mar. 1872), Supreme Court reporter of decisions, 1843–1861.One of the nominative reporters, Howard served the Court during the ...
Interposition

Interposition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Implied that the states have a right to interpose their authority to protect their citizens from the unconstitutional measures of the federal government. In 1798 Virginia proposed interposition to ...
Genesee Chief v. Fitzhugh

Genesee Chief v. Fitzhugh  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
12 How. (53 U.S.) 443 (1852), argued 2, 5, 6 Jan. 1852, decided 20 Feb. 1852 by vote of 8 to 1; Taney for the Court, Daniel in dissent. In Genesee Chief the Supreme Court expanded the scope of ...
Groves v. Slaughter

Groves v. Slaughter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
15 Pet. (40 U.S.) 449 (1841), argued 12, 13, 15–18 Feb. 1841 and decided 10 Mar. 1841 by vote of 5 to 2; Thompson delivered the judgment of the Court but wrote only for himself and Wayne; Taney, ...
Prigg v. Pennsylvania

Prigg v. Pennsylvania  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
16 Pet. (41 U.S.) 539 (1842), argued and decided Jan. 1842 by vote of 8 to 1; Story for the Court, Taney, Thompson, Baldwin, Wayne, and Daniel concurring, McLean in dissent. In 1837, Edward Prigg, ...
Pennsylvania v. Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Co.

Pennsylvania v. Wheeling and Belmont Bridge Co.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
13 How. (54 U.S.) 518 (1852), argued 1 Dec. 1851, decided 6 Feb. 1852 by vote of 7 to 2; McLean for the Court, Taney and Daniel in dissent. To provide access from Wheeling (now in West Virginia) to ...

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