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Rodulfus Glaber

(died 1047) Of Burgundian origin, Rodulfus Glaber (or the “bald”) entered in his youth the monastery of Saint-Germain at Auxerre where he was educated in contact with the works ...

Rodulfus Glaber

Rodulfus Glaber (1047)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
174 words

... Glaber (died 1047 ) Of Burgundian origin, Rodulfus Glaber (or the “bald”) entered in his youth the monastery of Saint-Germain at Auxerre where he was educated in contact with the works bequeathed by the Carolingian masters of that celebrated monastic school . His gyrovague tastes and literary gifts made him often change house (among others Moutier-en-Puisaye and Saint-Léger de Champeaux). He was attached to the person of William of Volpiano (or of Dijon), a disciple of Maiolus of Cluny and abbot of Saint-Bénigne de Dijon , whose Life he...

Glaber, Ralph (Raoul, Rodulfus)

Glaber, Ralph (Raoul, Rodulfus) (c.985–c.1046)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
59 words

..., Ralph (Raoul, Rodulfus) ( c .985– c .1046 ) Burgundian monk and chronicler . Glaber , a companion of the reformer *William of Volpiano , is best known for his work of history that provides an apocalyptic interpretation of the passing of the year 1000 . He also wrote a life of William . Michael Frassetto J. France , ed., Rodulfi Glabri Historiarum libri quinque ...

Rodulfus Glaber

Rodulfus Glaber  

(died 1047)Of Burgundian origin, Rodulfus Glaber (or the “bald”) entered in his youth the monastery of Saint-Germain at Auxerre where he was educated in contact with the works bequeathed ...
Glaber, Ralph (Raoul, Rodulfus)

Glaber, Ralph (Raoul, Rodulfus)  

(c.985–c.1046) Burgundian monk and chronicler.Glaber, a companion of the reformer William of Volpiano, is best known for his work of history that provides an apocalyptic interpretation of the passing ...
Adhemar of Chabannes

Adhemar of Chabannes (989–1034)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
238 words

...editions, drawings, poetry , liturgy with musical notations, sermons , history , computus , etc. Around 1025 he began a history of his time which survives in three recensions and, in its global scope and its attention to popular religious activity, resembles that of Rodulfus Glaber . In 1028 , Adhemar became the impresario of the enormously popular cult of St Martial, attempting to promote the saint to the status of apostle. But a prior from Lombardy roundly defeated him in public debate, driving him from the city in disgrace. Adhemar returned to...

Millennium

Millennium   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
783 words

...turn of the millennium became the creative leader of medieval Europe for the next two centuries, generating an abundance of communes, imperial colonists, monastic reforms, crusades , architectural styles, intellectuals and “heresies” . Rodulfus Glaber , Opera , J. France (ed.), Oxford, 1989(bibliography). Rodulfus Glaber , Cronache dell'anno Mille , G. Cavallo (ed.), G. Orlandi (ed.), Milan, 1989. J. Michelet , Histoire de France , 4, 1, Paris, 1976(new ed.). F. Lot , “Le Mythe des terreurs de l'an mille”, Recueil des travaux historiques , 3,...

Conquereuil, Battle of

Conquereuil, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...Conan mobilized a substantial force. Accounts of how the battle was fought differ considerably, although they all make it clear that before their eventual triumph, the Angevins suffered very heavy casualties when they charged into an enemy ditch. The Burgundian chronicler, Rodulfus Glaber, who was generally well informed about the counts of Anjou, suggests that Conan and Fulk agreed on a day for the battle but says that the Bretons came secretly in advance and prepared a concealed trench into which they lured the Angevins by a feigned flight, causing heavy...

Biographies

Biographies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
556 words

...oneself a sinner. Despite the great model of St Augustine's Confessions , the true medieval autobiographies all arose out of an imbalance, at times when the individual in crisis needed to turn in on himself. Self-evaluation appeared in moments of violent emotion, in Rodulfus Glaber . St Valerius in the 7th c., Rather of Verona , later Abelard all felt themselves persecuted; Otloh of Sankt Emmeran describes the traumatizing violence of his crises of doubt; Guibert of Nogent , like Augustine , speaks directly to God of his sins. In all of them,...

William of Volpiano

William of Volpiano (962–1031)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
811 words

...being himself a Cluniac, William was an intimate friend of Odilo and was called with him to guide the reform of Farfa , north-east of Rome . None of William's writings has survived. His Vita was written at Cluny shortly after his death by one of his disciples, Rodulfus Glaber. Rodulfi Glabri , Historiarum Libri Quinque , J. France (ed. and tr.); Vita Domni Willelmi Abbatis , N. Bulst (ed.), J. France (tr.), P. Reynolds (tr.), Oxford, 1989. N. Bulst , Untersuchungen zu den Klosterreformen Wilhelms von Dijon (962-1031) , Bonn, 1973. N....

Orléans

Orléans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,550 words

...anointed and associated with his father in that town in December 987 and whose biography was written by a monk of the diocese , Helgaud of Fleury , Orléans certainly deserved the description “chief royal residence of the kings of France ” given it by the chronicler Rodulfus Glaber : indeed, to judge by the mentions of place-names in his acts, the king was more often on the banks of the Loire than at Paris . This explains the solicitude of Robert and his successors towards the town, perhaps one of the first in northern France to obtain urban...

Famine

Famine   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,006 words

...storms…) led to a bad harvest, a dearth, an increase in the price of grain from which the poorest suffered. Then people ate spoiled foods, grass, earth; anthropophagy and necrophagy appeared; Epidemics ensued. Such was the pattern of “mortalities” well described by Rodulfus Glaber around 1032 . The Roman world had limited the damage by its political infrastructure and Transport system: the prince could send here the grain produced there. Medieval political fragmentation removed this palliative. Famine was not socially neutral. The demand for grain...

Peace and Truce of God

Peace and Truce of God   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,971 words

...and the introduction of more pragmatic and coercive measures in the legislation, the movement remained strongly popular at its base. Commoners began to share in the oaths and the responsibilities of the Peace Assemblies. According to the contemporary chronicler Rodulfus Glaber , the Peace as a popular movement came to a climax in the apocalyptic atmosphere of the millennium of Christ's Passion , the year 1033 . In his account, after three years of famine , the king called for councils to be held throughout his realm which were attended by vast...

demon, demonology

demon, demonology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,051 words
Illustration(s):
1

... of Theophilus , known in the texts and in an abundant iconography from the 9th c. and especially from the 12th century. Finally, there were many who, particularly in the monasteries of the 11th and 12th cc., felt the continuous, obsessing, agonizing presence of the devil ( Rodulfus Glaber , Guibert of Nogent , Peter the Venerable ). But the power of the devil was kept under control. Faced with the heavenly forces – the angels the saints, the Virgin, Christ – his defeat was certain. In hagiographical accounts, temptations – which he could only inflict...

History, Historiography

History, Historiography   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
2,249 words

...work was the privileged space in which the author expressed his view of his own work. As such, it was also the place where the history of history, historiography, took its first steps. By the 10th and 11th cc., some historians, Richer in his History of France or Rodulfus Glaber in his Histories , were citing here or there some names of other historians whom they had used, but this was not yet a systematic exposition of sources. Historiography was born in the course of the 12th century. Around 1130 , Hugh of Saint-Victor was the first to give a...

Crusades

Crusades   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
48,851 words
Illustration(s):
8

...and the Third Crusade: Sources in Translation . Aldershot, U.K., and Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 1998. “L’Estoire de Eracles empereur et la conqueste de la Terre d’Outremer”. Vol. 2, Recueil des historiens des Croisades, Occidentaux . Ridgewood, N.J.: Gregg Press, 1967. Glaber, Rodulfus . Rodulfi Glabri Historiarum libri quinque: (The Five Books of the Histories). Edited and translated by John France . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. Guntherof Paris . The Capture of Constantinople . Translated by Alfred J. Andrea . Philadelphia: University of...

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